Dorothea Maria of Anhalt

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Dorothea Maria of Anhalt
Duchess of Saxe-Weimar
DorotheaMariavonSachsen-Weimar.jpg
Tenure 1602–1605
Spouse John II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar
Issue Johann Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Weimar
Prince Christian Wilhelm
Prince Frederick
Prince Johann
Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Weimar
Albrecht, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
Prince John Frederick
Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Altenburg
Prince Frederick Wilhelm
Prince Bernhard
Princess Johanna
Full name
Sophie Dorothea Maria of Anhalt
House House of Wettin
House of Ascania
Father Joachim Ernest, Prince of Anhalt
Mother Eleonore of Württemberg
Born (1574-07-02)2 July 1574
Dessau
Died 18 July 1617(1617-07-18) (aged 47)
Weimar
Burial Schloss Hornstein

Dorothea Maria of Anhalt (Dessau, 2 July 1574 – Weimar, 18 July 1617), was by birth a member of the House of Ascania and princess of Anhalt. After her marriage, she became Duchess of Saxe-Weimar.

Dorothea Maria was the sixth daughter of Joachim Ernest, Prince of Anhalt, but second-born daughter by his second wife Eleonore, daughter of Christoph, Duke of Württemberg.

Life[edit]

In 1586, the twelve-year-old Dorothea Maria was chosen by her father as Abbess of Gernrode and Frose as the successor to her elder sister Agnes Hedwig.

In 1593 she was relieved of her post as abbess in order to marry John II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar. The wedding took place in Altenburg on 7 January of that year. Her successor as abbess was her niece, Sophie Elisabeth, eldest daughter of her half-brother John George I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau.

During the twelve years of her marriage, Dorothea Maria gave birth to twelve children (the last one born posthumously), including Ernst I of Saxe-Gotha and the famous general Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar.[1][2]

Dorothea Maria died of injuries sustained while riding a horse. Her funeral took place on 24 August 1617 at Schloss Hornstein (later Wilhelmsburg Castle). On this occasion, the Fruitbearing Society was created and her younger brother, Louis of Anhalt-Köthen, was appointed its first leader.

References[edit]

Dorothea Maria of Anhalt
Born: 2 July 1574 Died: 18 July 1617
German royalty
Preceded by
Anna Maria of the Palatinate-Neuburg
Duchess consort of Saxe-Weimar
7 July 1602 – 18 July 1605
Vacant
Title next held by
Eleonore Dorothea of Anhalt-Dessau
Religious titles
Preceded by
Agnes Hedwig of Anhalt
Abbess of Gernrode and Frose
1586 – 18 July 1605
Succeeded by
Sophie Elisabeth of Anhalt-Dessau