List of Saxon consorts

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This is a list of the Duchesses, Electresses and Queens of Saxony; the consorts of the Duke of Saxony and its successor states; including the Electorate of Saxony, the Kingdom of Saxony, the House of Ascania, Albertine, and the Ernestine Saxony.

Ducal Saxony[edit]

Duchess of Saxony[edit]

Liudolfing Dynasty
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Husband
Oda Billung, princep 805 before 830 845 866
husband's death
17 May 913 Liudolf
Hedwiga Henry of Franconia
(Babenberg)
850/55 869/70 2 February 880
husband's accession
24 December 903 Otto I
Matilda of Ringelheim.jpg Matilda of Ringelheim Dietrich, Count of Westphalia
(Immedinger)
895 909 30 November 912
husband's accession
2 July 936
husband's death
14 March 968 Henry I
Edita 250.jpg Eadgyth Edward the Elder
(Wessex)
910 September 929 2 July 936
husband's accession
26 January 946 Otto II
Sainte-Adélaïde - Église de Toury, vitraux par Lorin.jpg Adelaide of Italy and Burgundy Rudolph II of Burgundy
(Elder Welf)
931 October/November 951 961
the Liudolfings replaced by the Billungs
16 December 999
Billung Dynasty
Oda - - - - - 15 March in an unknown year Hermann
Billung u Hildegard.jpg Hildesuith of Westerbourg - - - - - -
Hildegarde of Stade Henry I, Count of Stade 974/7 990 9 February 1011
husband's death
3 October 1011 Bernard I
Eilika of Schweinfurt Henry of Schweinfurt 1000 1020 10 December 1055/1056 Bernard II
Wulfhild of Norway Olaf II of Norway
(Fairhair)
- November 1042 29 June 1059
husband's accession
24 May 1071 Ordulf
Gertrude of Haldensleben Conrad, Count of Haldensleben - 1071, after May 28 March 1072
husband's death
21 February 1116
Sophia of Hungary Béla I of Hungary
(Árpád)
1045/50 after 6 March 1070 28 March 1072
husband's accession
18 June 1095 Magnus
Süpplingenburg Dynasty
Richenza von Northeim (Königslutter).jpg Richenza of Northeim Henry, Margrave of Frisia
(Northeim)
1087/89 1100 23 August 1106
husband's accession
4 December 1137
husband's death
10 June 1141 Lothair
Welf Dynasty (1)
Gertruda.jpg Gertrude of Süpplingenburg Lothair
(Süpplingenburg)
18 April 1115 29 May 1127 4 December 1137
husband's accession
20 October 1139
husband's death
18 April 1143 Henry II
Ascanian Dynasty (1)
Sophie of Winzenburg Herman I, Count of Winzenburg - 1124, after 7 December 20 October 1139
husband's accession
1142
husband renounces claims
25 March 1160 Albert I
Welf Dynasty (2)
Clemenza of Zähringen 2.jpg Clementia of Zähringen Conrad I, Duke of Zähringen
(Zähringen)
- 1147 23 November 1162
divorce
1167 Henry III
Matylda.jpg Matilda of England Henry II of England
(Plantagenet)
June 1156 1 February 1168 1180
husband lost duchy
13 July 1189
Ascanian Dynasty (2)
Judith of Poland Mieszko III the Old
(Piast)
before 1154 1173 1180
husband gained duchy
after 12 December 1201 Bernard III
Agnes of Austria Leopold VI, Duke of Austria
(Babenberg)
19 February 1205 1222 29 August 1226 Albert I
Agnes of Thuringia Hermann I, Landgrave of Thuringia
(Ludowinger)
1205 1238 1246
Helene of Brunswick-Lüneburg Otto I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
(Welf)
18 March 1223 1247 7 October 1260
husband's death
6 September 1273
Saxony split into the duchies of Saxe-Wittenberg and Saxe-Lauenburg who both claimed and used the titles of Dukes of Saxony, Westphalia and Angria .

Ascanian Ducal Saxony[edit]

Duchess of Saxe-Lauenburg[edit]

Ascanian Dynasty (3) - Saxe-Lauenburg line
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Husband
COA family sv Birger jarl.svg Ingeborg Birgersdotter of Bjelbo Birger Jarl
(Bjelbo)
1253 1270 1282
husband resigned
30 June 1302 John I
Armoiries empereur Rodolphe Ier.png Agnes of Habsburg Rudolph I of Germany
(Habsburg)
1257 October 1273 1282
husband turned from co-ruling duke into regent for his minor nephews[1]
11 October 1322 Albert II
In 1305 Saxe-Lauenburg split into the duchies of Saxe-Bergedorf-Mölln (1305–1401) and Saxe-Ratzeburg-Lauenburg (1305–1689) who both used the titles of Dukes of Saxony, Westphalia and Angria.
Ascanian Dynasty (4) - Saxe-Bergedorf-Mölln line
Seal Elisabeth (Holstein-Rendsburg) 01.jpg Elisabeth of Holstein-Rendsburg Henry I, Count of Holstein-Rendsburg
(Schaumburg)
1300 1315 22 April 1322
husband's death
before 1340 John II
Beata of Schwerin Gunzelin VI, Count of Schwerin - by 30 May 1334 before 1341 Albert IV
Sophie of Werle-Güstrow John II, Lord of Werle-Güstrow
(Mecklenburg-Werle)
1329 1341 February 1343
husband's death
5 September 1364
Katharina of Werle-Güstrow Nicholas III, Lord of Werle-Güstrow
(Mecklenburg-Werle)
- by 25 January 1366 1370
husband's death
after 17 December 1402 Albert V
In 1401 Saxe-Lauenburg reunited when the Saxe-Bergedorf-Mölln line (1305–1401) was extinct with Eric IV of Saxe-Ratzeburg-Lauenburg inheriting Saxe-Bergedorf-Mölln.
Ascanian Dynasty (5) - Saxe-Lauenburg line (1305–1401 as Saxe-Ratzeburg-Lauenburg distinguished from Saxe-Bergedorf-Mölln)
Wappen Mark Brandenburg.png Margaret of Brandenburg-Salzwedel Albert III, Margrave of Brandenburg-Salzwedel
(Ascania)
1270 24 September 1302
Papal dispensation
October 1308
husband's death
1 May 1315 Albert III
[2]
POL województwo zachodniopomorskie COA.svg Elisabeth of Pomerania Bogislaw IV, Duke of Pomerania
(Pomerania)
1291 1318 1338
husband resigned
after 16 October 1349 Eric I
[3]
Holstein Arms.svg Agnes of Holstein-Plön John III, Count of Holstein-Plön
(Schaumburg)
- 1342/1349 1368
husband's death
1386/7 Eric II
Brunswick-Lüneburg Arms.svg Sophie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Magnus II, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
(Welf)
1358 8 April 1373 21 June 1411
husband's death
by 28 May 1416 Eric IV
In 1401 Saxe-Lauenburg reunited as the Saxe-Bergedorf-Mölln line (1305–1401) extinct with Saxe-Ratzeburg-Lauenburg inheriting its duchy.
Holstein Arms.svg Elisabeth of Holstein-Rendsburg Nikolaus, Count of Holstein-Rendsburg
(Schaumburg)
1384 1404 21 June 1411
husband's accession
28 May 1416 Eric V
[4]
Wappen Herren von Weinsberg.svg Elisabeth of Weinsberg Conrad IX of Weinsberg 1397 before 1422 at latest end of 1436
husband's death
after 26 January 1498
POL województwo zachodniopomorskie COA.svg Adelheid of Pomerania Bogislaw VIII, Duke of Pomerania
(Pomerania)
1410 2 February 1429 end of 1436
husband's accession
after 1444/45 Bernard II
Wappen Mark Brandenburg.png Dorothea of Brandenburg Frederick II, Elector of Brandenburg
(Hohenzollern)
1446/1448 12 February 1464 15 August 1507
husband's death
March 1519 John V
Brunswick-Lüneburg Arms.svg Catherine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Henry IV, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
(Welf)
1488 17/20 November 1509 1 August 1543
husband's death
29 June 1563 Magnus I
Lucas Cranach d.Ä. - Bildnis einer jungen Frau (Galleria degli Uffizi).jpg Sibylle of Saxony Henry IV, Duke of Saxony
(Wettin)
2 May 1515 8 February 1540 1 August 1543
husband's accession
1574
husband's reaccession
1571
husband's retirement
19 March 1581
husband's death
18 July 1592 Francis I
Katarzyna Szwedzka.jpg Sophia of Sweden Gustav I of Sweden
(Vasa)
29 October 1547 4 July 1568, however, since 1578 permanently separated 1571
husband's accession on his father's retirement
19 March 1581
husband's accession on his father's death
1574
husband deposed by reaccession of his father
1588
husband deposed by his brothers
17 March 1611 Magnus II
[5]
POL województwo zachodniopomorskie COA.svg Margaret of Pomerania-Wolgast Philip I, Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast
(Pomerania)
9 March 1553 26 December 1574 19 March 1581
husband's accession
7 August 1581 Francis II
[6]
Franz II mit seiner Familie.jpg Maria of Brunswick-Lüneburg Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
(Welf)
13 January 1566 10 November 1582 2 July 1619
husband's death
13 August 1626
Katharina von Spörck ? von Spörck  ? 25 November 1581 1582
divorce
 ? Maurice
[7]
Elisabeth Sophie of Holstein-Gottorp John Adolf, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
(Holstein-Gottorp)
12 December 1599 5 March 1621 25 November 1627 Augustus
BlasonChristian Ier (1143-1167), comte d'Oldenbourg.svg Catharina of Oldenburg John VII, Count of Oldenburg
(Oldenburg)
20 September 1582 4 June 1633 29 February 1644
Lobkovicove.png Anna Magdalene Popel of Lobkowitz William the Younger Popel of Lobkowicz
(Lobkowicz)
20 July 1606 18 August 1632 18 January 1656
husband's accession
20 November 1665
husband's death
7 September 1668 Julius Henry
Wappen Grafschaft Sachsen-Lauenburg.svg Sibylle Hedwig of Saxe-Lauenburg Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
(Ascania)
30 July 1625 1654 20 November 1665
husband's accession
30 July 1666
husband's death
1 August 1703 Francis Erdmann
Hedwig of the Palatinate-Sulzbach.jpg Hedwig of the Palatinate-Sulzbach Christian Augustus, Count Palatine of Sulzbach
(Wittelsbach)
15 April 1650 9 April 1668 23 November 1681 Julius Francis
In 1689 the Saxe-Lauenburgian Ascanians were extinct in the male line. The House of Welf usurped the duchy,
inhibiting the heiress Anna Maria Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg, and resucceeded with its Brunswick and Lunenburg-Celle line.
Welf Dynasty (3) – Brunswick and Lunenburg-Celle line
Eleonored'olbreuse.jpg Eleonore d'Esmier d'Olbreuse Alexandre II d'Esmier d'Olbreuse 3 January 1639 1676 28 August 1705
husband's death
5 February 1722 George William
With the Celle line extinct (1705) the Brunswick and Lunenburg-Calenberg line succeeded, forming the Guelphic cadet branch House of Hanover.
Welf Dynasty (4) – cadet branch House of Hanover
Caroline of Ansbach by studio of Charles Jervas.jpg Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach Johann Friedrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
(Hohenzollern)
1 March 1683 22 August 1705 11 June 1727
husband's accession
20 November 1737 George II Augustus
Charlotte Esther Denner 1761.jpg Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg, Prince of Mirow
(Mecklenburg-Strelitz)
19 May 1744 8 September 1761 about 6 April 1814
dynastic redeployment following Congress of Vienna
17 November 1818 George III
Saxe-Lauenburg gained de jure sovereignty at the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire on 6 August 1806, but was de facto submitted to occupations, liberation, reoccupation, and annexation during the Napoleonic Wars in 1803, 1805, 1806 and 1807. However, the House of Hanover maintained its claim until the Congress of Vienna in 1814, with the House of Oldenburg then succeeding.
House of Oldenburg
Dronning Marie Sophie Frederikke.jpg Marie Sophie of Hesse-Kassel Landgrave Charles of Hesse-Kassel
(Hesse-Kassel)
28 October 1767 31 July 1790 after 6 April 1814
husband gained duchy
3 December 1839
husband's death
21/22 March 1852 Frederick I
Carolineamaliedenmark.jpg Caroline Amalie of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg Frederick Christian II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
(Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg)
28 July 1796 22 May 1815 3 December 1839
husband's accession
20 January 1848
husband's death
9 March 1881 Christian I
Queen Lujza of Denmark.jpg Louise of Hesse-Kassel Landgrave William of Hesse-Kassel
(Hesse-Kassel)
7 September 1817 26 May 1842 5 November 1863
husband's accession
30 October 1864
Conquest by Prussia
29 September 1898 Christian II
In 1864, after the Second Schleswig War, the House of Oldenburg lost the Duchy. The House of Hohenzollern gained the duchy.
House of Hohenzollern
Augusta von Preussen.jpg Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
(Wettin)
30 September 1811 11 June 1829 30 October 1864
husband gained duchy
1876'
title turned void, when Saxe-Lauenburg merged in real union into Prussia
7 January 1890 William
In 1876 the Saxe-Lauenburgian Estates of the Realm and Duke William decided to give up Saxe-Lauenburg’s statehood. The duchy was thus merged as district Duchy of Lauenburg into the Prussian province of Schleswig-Holstein. In 1890, German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck was awarded the honorific title of Duke of Lauenberg, but he was never sovereign ruler of the territory.
Bismarck family
Johanna von Bismarck 1878.jpg Johanna von Puttkamer Eugen von Puttkamer, Oberpräsident of Posen
(Puttkamer)
11 April 1824 28 July 1847 1890
husband received courtesy title
27 November 1894 Otto von Bismarck

Duchess of Saxe-Wittenberg[edit]

Ascanian Dynasty (3) - Saxe-Wittenberg line
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Husband
Armoiries empereur Rodolphe Ier.png Agnes of Habsburg Rudolph I of Germany
(Habsburg)
1257 October 1273 25 August 1298
husband's death
11 October 1322 Albert II
Wappen Mark Brandenburg.png Judith of Brandenburg Otto V, Margrave of Brandenburg-Salzwedel
(Ascania)
1275/86 1298 25 August 1298
husband's accession
9 May 1328 Rudolph I
POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Kunigunde of Poland Władysław I the Elbow-high
(Piast)
before 1298 28 August 1328 9 April 1333
Agnes of Lindow-Ruppin Ulrich I, Count of Lindow-Ruppin 18 December 1314 1333 9 May 1343
After 1355, the duchesses of Saxe-Wittenberg were also the Electresses of Saxony.
Coat of arms of Hesse.svg Elisabeth of Hesse Otto I, Landgrave of Hesse
(Hesse)
- before 8 May 1336 11 March 1356
husband's accession
6 December 1370
husband's death
30 May 1373 Rudolph II
Cecilia of Carrara Francesco I da Carrara, Count of Padua
(Carrara)
- before 11 May 1371
or
23 January 1376
15 May 1388
husband's death
1427/1435 Wenceslas I
Coat of arms of Thuringia 1945.svg Anna of Thuringia Balthasar, Landgrave of Thuringia
(Wettin)
1377 before 30 November 1389 15 May 1388
husband's accession
4 July 1395 Rudolph III
POL księstwo legnickie COA.svg Barbara of Silesia-Liegnitz Rupert I, Duke of Silesia-Liegnitz
(Piast)
1372/84 6 March 1396 11 June 1419
husband's death
17 May 1435/6
Schlussstein Liebenwerda.JPG Euphemia of Oels Konrad III the Old
(Piast)
1390 14 January 1402 or 14 January 1420? 11 June 1419
husband's accession
12 November 1422
husband's death
1444 Albert III

Saxe-Meißen, incorporating Saxe-Wittenberg in 1547[edit]

Wettin Dynasty, Albertine Line
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Husband
Cronecken der sassen.jpg Sidonie Podiebrad of Bohemia George of Kunštát and Poděbrady, King of Bohemia
(Poděbrady)
14 November 1449 11 November 1464 12 September 1500
husband's death
1 February 1510 Albert III
Lucas Cranach d.Ä. - Bildnis Barbara von Sachsen (Gemäldegalerie, Berlin).jpg Barbara Jagiellon Casimir IV Jagiellon, King of Poland
(Jagiellon)
15 July 1478 21 November 1496 12 September 1500
husband's accession
15 February 1534 George
Lucas Cranach d. Ä. 038.jpg Katharina of Mecklenburg-Schwerin Magnus II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Güstrow
(Mecklenburg-Schwerin)
1487 6 July 1512 17 April 1539
husband's accession
18 August 1541
husband's death
6 June 1561 Henry IV
Agnes of Hesse.JPG Agnes of Hesse Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse
(Hesse)
31 May 1527 9 January 1541 18 August 1541
husband's accession
24 April 1547
became electress
4 November 1555 Maurice

Saxe-Thuringia, including Saxe-Wittenberg until 1547[edit]

Wettin Dynasty, Ernestine Line
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Husband
Cranach Cleve.JPG Sibylle of Cleves John III, Duke of Cleves
(De la Marck)
17 January 1512 9 February 1527 24 April 1547
husband lost electorate
21 February 1554 John Frederick I
Agnes of Hesse.JPG Agnes of Hesse Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse
(Hesse)
31 May 1527 26 May 1555 4 November 1555 John Frederick II
Translation Needed Elisabeth of the Palatinate-Simmern Frederick III, Elector Palatine
(Palatinate-Simmern)
30 June 1540 12 June 1558 November 1566
husband's imprisoned
8 February 1594

Electorate of Saxony[edit]

Electress of Saxony[edit]

See: Electresses of Saxony.
House of Ascania
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Electress Ceased to be Electress Death Husband
Coat of arms of Hesse.svg Elisabeth of Hesse Otto I, Landgrave of Hesse
(Hesse)
- before 8 May 1336 or 1346 11 March 1356
husband's accession
6 December 1370
husband's death
30 May 1373 Rudolph II
Cecilia of Carrara Francesco I da Carrara, Count of Padua
(Carrara)
- 23 January 1376 15 May 1388
husband's death
1435 Wenceslaus I
Coat of arms of Thuringia 1945.svg Anna of Thuringia Balthasar, Landgrave of Thuringia
(Wettin)
1377 before 30 November 1389 15 May 1388
husband's accession
4 July 1395 Rudolph III
POL księstwo legnickie COA.svg Barbara of Legnica Rupert I of Legnica
(Piast)
1384 6 March 1396 11 June 1419
husband's death
17 May 1435/6
Schlussstein Liebenwerda.JPG Euphemia of Oels Konrad III the Old
(Piast)
1390 14 January 1420 12 November 1422
husband's death
1444 Albert III
House of Wettin
Catherine, electress of Saxony.jpg Catherine of Brunswick-Lüneburg Henry the Mild, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
(Welf)
1395 8 February 1402 6 January 1423
husband's accession
4 January 1428
husband's death
28 December 1442 Frederick I
Armoiries Habsbourg.svg Margaret of Austria Ernest, Duke of Austria
(Habsburg)
1416/17 3 June 1431 7 September 1464
husband's death
12 February 1486 Frederick II
ElisabethBayxSachsen.jpg Elisabeth of Bavaria Albert III, Duke of Bavaria
(Wittelsbach)
2 February 1443 19 November 1460 7 September 1464
husband's accession
5 March 1486 Ernest
Cranach Cleve.JPG Sibylle of Cleves John III, Duke of Cleves
(De la Marck)
17 January 1512 9 February 1527 16 August 1532
husband's accession
24 April 1547
husband's desposition
21 February 1554 John Frederick I
In 1464 the House of Wettin split into Albertine and Ernestine line, holding the title of elector until 1547, thereafter passed on to the former.
House of Wettin – Ernestine line
Agnes of Hesse.JPG Agnes of Hesse Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse
(Hesse)
31 May 1527 9 January 1541 24 April 1547
husband's accession
9 July 1553
husband's death
4 November 1555 Maurice
Annasachsencranach.jpg Anne of Denmark Christian III of Denmark
(Oldenburg)
22 November 1532 7 October 1548 9 July 1553
husband's accession
1 October 1585 Augustus
Agnes-Hedwig-Anhalt.jpg Agnes Hedwig of Anhalt Joachim Ernest, Prince of Anhalt
(Ascania)
12 March 1573 3 January 1586 11 February 1586
husband's death
3 November 1616
Sophie BrandenburgSachsen.jpg Sophie of Brandenburg John George, Elector of Brandenburg
(Hohenzollern)
6 June 1568 25 April 1582 11 February 1586
husband's accession
25 September 1591
husband's death
7 December 1622 Christian I
Hedevig af Sachsen.JPG Hedwig of Denmark Frederick II of Denmark
(Oldenburg)
5 August 1581 12 September 1602 23 June 1611
husband's death
26 November 1641 Christian II
Christian I. von Sachsen-Merseburg 3.jpg Magdalene Sibylle of Prussia Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia
(Hohenzollern)
31 December 1586 19 July 1607 23 June 1611
husband's accession
8 October 1656
husband's death
12 February 1659 John George I
Magdalene Sibylle of Brandenburg-Bayreuth Christian, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
(Hohenzollern)
1 November 1612 13 November 1638 8 October 1656
husband's accession
22 August 1680
husband's death
20 March 1687 John George II
Anna Zofia Duńska.jpg Anna Sophie of Denmark Frederick III of Denmark
(Oldenburg)
1 September 1647 9 October 1666 22 August 1680
husband's accession
12 September 1691
husband's death
1 July 1717 John George III
Eleonore Erdmuthe Louise von Sachsen-Eisenach.jpg Eleonore Erdmuthe of Saxe-Eisenach John George I, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
(Wettin)
13 April 1662 17 April 1692 27 April 1694
husband's death
9 September 1696 John George IV
Christiane Eberhardine von Brandenburg-Bayreuth.PNG Christiane Eberhardine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth Christian Ernst, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
(Hohenzollern)
19 December 1671 20 January 1693 27 April 1694
husband's accession
4 September 1727 Frederick Augustus I
Queen Maria Josepha, Wife of King Augustus III of Poland.jpg Maria Josepha of Austria Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg)
8 December 1699 20 August 1719 1 February 1733
husband's accession
17 November 1757 Frederick Augustus II
Maria Antonia Walpurgis von Sachsen.jpg Maria Antonia of Bavaria Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor
(Wittelsbach)
18 July 1724 20 June 1747 5 October 1763
husband's accession
17 December 1763
husband's death
23 April 1780 Frederick Christian
H C Brandt Pfalzgräfin Maria Amalie Auguste 1769.jpg Amalie of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld Frederick Michael, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
(Palatinate-Birkenfeld)
10 May 1752 29 January 1769 20 December 1806
elevated to Queen consort
15 November 1828 Frederick Augustus III

Albertine Ducal Saxony[edit]

Duchess of Saxe-Weissenfels[edit]

Duchesses of Saxe-Weissenfels
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Husband
Anna Maria of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.jpg Anna Maria of Mecklenburg-Schwerin Adolf Frederick I, Duke of Mecklenburg
(Mecklenburg-Schwerin)
1 July 1627 23 November 1647 22 April 1657
husband's accession
11 December 1669 August
Leiningen-westerburg.JPG Johanna Walpurgis of Leiningen-Westerburg George William, Count of Leiningen-Westerburg
(Leiningen-Westerburg)
3 June 1647 29 January 1672 4 August 1680
husband's death
4 November 1687
Johanna Magdalena von Sachsen-Altenburg.jpg Johanna Magdalena of Saxe-Altenburg Frederick William II, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
(Wettin)
14 January 1656 25 October 1671 4 August 1680
husband's accession
22 January 1686 John Adolph I
Friederike Elisabeth of Saxe-Eisenach, duchess of Saxe-Weissenfels.jpg Fredericka Elisabeth of Saxe-Eisenach John George I, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
(Wettin)
5 May 1669 7 January 1698 16 March 1712
husband's death
12 November 1730 John George
Wappen Stolberg (Harz).png Louise Christine of Stolberg-Stolberg-Ortenberg Christoph Louis I, Count of Stolberg-Stolberg-Ortenberg
(Stolberg)
21 January 1675 12 May 1712 28 June 1736
husband's death
16 May 1738 Christian
FriederikeSaGoAltSaWeis.jpg Fredericka of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
(Wettin)
17 July 1715 27 November 1734 28 June 1736
husband's accession
16 May 1746
husband's death
2 May 1775 John Adolph II
In 1746, the line of Saxe-Weissenfels became extinct and their land were reincorporated into the Electorate.
Duchess of Saxe-Weissenfels-Barby, Countess of Barby
Elisabeth Albertine von Anhalt-Dessau 1.JPG Elisabeth Albertine of Anhalt-Dessau John George II, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau
(Ascania)
1 May 1665 30 March 1686 5 October 1706 Henry
WappenWuerttembergOels.jpg Auguste Louise of Württemberg-Oels Christian Ulrich I, Duke of Württemberg-Oels
(Württemberg)
21 January 1698 18 February 1721 16 February 1728
husband's accession
1732
divorce
4 January 1739 George Albert
In 1739, the line of Saxe-Weissenfels-Barby became extinct and their land were reincorporated into the Duchy of Saxe-Weissenfels.
Duchess of Saxe-Weissenfels-Dahme
Emilie Agnes Reuss of Schleiz Heinrich I, Count Reuss of Schleiz
(Reuss-Schleiz)
11 August 1667 13 February 1711 16 April 1715
husband's death
15 October 1729 Frederick
In 1715, the line of Saxe-Weissenfels-Dahme became extinct and their land were reincorporated into the Duchy of Saxe-Weissenfels.

Duchess of Saxe-Merseburg[edit]

Duchess of Saxe-Merseburg
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Husband
Christiana of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg Philip, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
(Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg)
22 September 1634 19 November 1650 22 April 1657
husband's accession
18 October 1691
husband's death
20 May 1701 Christian I
Erdmuthe Dorothea von Sachsen-Zeitz.jpg Erdmuthe Dorothea of Saxe-Zeitz Maurice, Duke of Saxe-Zeitz
(Wettin)
13 November 1661 14 October 1679 18 October 1691
husband's accession
20 October 1694
husband's death
29 April 1720 Christian II
Henriette Charlotte of Nassau-Idstein, Duchess of Saxe-Merseburg.jpg Henriette Charlotte of Nassau-Idstein George August, Count of Nassau-Idstein
(Nassau-Idstein)
9 November 1693 4 November 1711 21 April 1731
husband's death
8 April 1734 Maurice William
Elisabeth of Mecklemburg-Güstrow, duchess of Saxe-Merseburg.jpg Elisabeth of Mecklenburg-Güstrow Gustav Adolf, Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
(Mecklenburg-Güstrow)
3 September 1668 29 March 1692 21 April 1731
husband's accession
28 July 1738
husband's death
25 August 1738 Henry
In 1738, the line of Saxe-Merseburg became extinct and their land were reincorporated into the Electorate.
Duchess of Saxe-Merseburg-Zörbig
Hedwig of Mecklenburg-Güstrow Gustav Adolf, Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
(Mecklenburg-Güstrow)
12 January 1666 1 December 1686 1691
husband's accession
27 March 1715
husband's death
9 August 1735 August
In 1715, the line of Saxe-Merseburg-Zörbig became extinct and their land were reincorporated into the Duchy of Saxe-Merseburg.
Duchess of Saxe-Merseburg-Lauchstädt
Wappen-Ernestiner.jpg Eleonore Sophie of Saxe-Weimar Johann Ernst II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar
(Wettin)
22 March 1660 9 July 1684 4 February 1687 Philipp
Luise-Elisabeth-von-Sachsen.jpg Louise Elisabeth of Württemberg-Oels Christian Ulrich I, Duke of Württemberg-Oels
(Württemberg)
22 February 1673 17 August 1688 1 July 1690
husband's death
28 April 1736
In 1690, the line of Saxe-Merseburg-Lauchstädt became extinct and their land were reincorporated into the Duchy of Saxe-Merseburg.
Duchess of Saxe-Merseburg-Spremberg
Elisabeth of Mecklemburg-Güstrow, duchess of Saxe-Merseburg.jpg Elisabeth of Mecklenburg-Güstrow Gustav Adolf, Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
(Mecklenburg-Güstrow)
3 September 1668 29 March 1692 1694
husband's accession
21 April 1731
became Duchess of Saxe-Merseburg
25 August 1738 Henry

Duchess of Saxe-Zeitz[edit]

Duchess of Saxe-Zeitz
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Husband
Arolsen Klebeband 02 003 7.jpg Dorothea Maria of Saxe-Weimar Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Weimar
(Wettin)
14 October 1641 3 July 1656 22 April 1657
husband's accession
11 June 1675 Maurice
Arolsen Klebeband 16 047.jpg Sophie Elisabeth of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Wiesenburg Philipp Louis, Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Wiesenburg
(Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Wiesenburg)
4 May 1653 14 June 1676 4 December 1681
husband's death
19 August 1684
Duchess Maria Amalia of Saxony-Zeitz c 1700.jpg Marie Amalie of Brandenburg Frederick William I, Elector of Brandenburg
(Hohenzollern)
16 November 1670 25 June 1689 15 November 1718
husband's death
17 November 1739 Maurice William
In 1718, the line of Saxe-Zeitz became extinct and their land were reincorporated into the Electorate.
Duchess of Saxe-Zeitz-Pegau-Neustadt
WappenWuerttembergOels.jpg Sophie Angelika of Württemberg-Oels Christian Ulrich I, Duke of Württemberg-Oels
(Württemberg)
30 May 1677 23 April 1699 after 23 April 1699
husband receives appanage
11 November 1700 Frederick Henry
Anna Fredericka Philippine of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Wiesenburg Philipp Louis, Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Wiesenburg
(Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Wiesenburg)
4 July 1665 27 February 1702 18 December 1713
husband's death
25 February 1748
In 1718, the line of Saxe-Zeitz-Pegau-Neustadt became extinct, after Duke Maurice Adolf Karl became a priest, and their land were reincorporated into the Duchy of Saxe-Zeitz.

Ernestine Saxony[edit]

Duchess of Saxe-Weimar[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Husband
COA family de Pfalz-Simmern.svg Dorothea Susanne of the Palatinate Frederick III, Elector Palatine
(Wittelsbach)
15 November 1544 15 June 1560 1572
Saxe-Weimar created
2 March 1573
husband's death
8 April 1592 John William
Sophie of Württemberg 1563.jpeg Sophie of Württemberg Christoph, Duke of Württemberg
(Württemberg)
20 November 1563 5 May 1583 21 July 1590 Frederick William I
Anna Maria of the Palatinate-Neuburg Philip Louis, Count Palatine of Neuburg
(Wittelsbach)
18 August 1575 9 September 1591 7 July 1602
husband's death
11 February 1643
DorotheaMariavonSachsen-Weimar.jpg Dorothea Maria of Anhalt Joachim Ernest, Prince of Anhalt
(Ascania)
2 July 1574 7 January 1593 7 July 1602
husband's accession
18 July 1605
husband's death
18 July 1617 John
Blason Duché d'Anhalt.svg Eleonore Dorothea of Anhalt-Dessau John George I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau
(Ascania)
16 February 1602 23 May 1625 17 May 1662
husband's death
26 December 1664 William
Christine Elisabeth of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg John Christian, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg
(Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg)
23 June 1638 14 August 1656 17 May 1662
husband's accession
7 June 1679 John Ernest II
Wappen-Ernestiner.jpg Charlotte Marie of Saxe-Jena Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Jena
(Saxe-Jena)
20 December 1669 2 November 1683 23 August 1690
divorce
6 January 1703 William Ernest
co-Duke
Wappen Landkreis Anhalt-Zerbst.png Sophie Auguste of Anhalt-Zerbst John VI, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst
(Ascania)
9 March 1663 11 October 1685 14 September 1694 John Ernest III
co-Duke
Wappen-HH.png Charlotte of Hesse-Homburg Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
(Hesse-Homburg)
17 June 1672 4 November 1694 10 May 1707
husband's death
29 August 1738
Eleonore Wilhelmine of Anhalt-Köthen, duchess of Saxe-Weimar.jpg Eleonore Wilhelmine of Anhalt-Köthen Emmanuel Lebrecht, Prince of Anhalt-Köthen
(Ascania)
29 November 1694 24 January 1716 29 September 1728 Ernest Augustus I
Sophie Charlotte of Brandenburg-Bayreuth George Frederick Charles, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
(Hohenzollern)
27 July 1713 7 April 1734 2 March 1747
AnnaAmalievonSachsenWeimarEisenach.jpg Anna Amalia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
(Brunswick-Bevern)
24 October 1739 16 March 1756 28 May 1758
husband's death
10 April 1807 Ernest Augustus II
Luise of Hesse-Darmstadt, grand duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.jpg Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
(Hesse-Darmstadt)
30 January 1757 3 October 1775 1809
Weimar and Eisenach united
14 February 1830 Charles Augustus

Duchess of Saxe-Coburg-Eisenach[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Husband
MansfeldWappen.gif Elisabeth of Mansfeld-Hinterort John, Count of Mansfeld-Hinterort
(Mansfeld)
1565 23 November 1591 12 April 1596 John Ernest
Anna of Saxony 1567.jpeg Anna of Saxony Augustus, Elector of Saxony
(Wettin)
16 November 1567 16 January 1586 12 December 1593
divorce
27 January 1613 John Casimir

Duchess of Saxe-Coburg[edit]

First Creation
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Husband
Margaret of Brunswick-Lüneburg 1573.jpeg Margaret of Brunswick-Lüneburg William the Younger, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
(Welf)
6 April 1573 16 September 1599 16 July 1633
husband's death
7 August 1643 John Casimir
Coat of arms of Hesse.svg Christine of Hesse-Kassel William IV, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
(Hesse-Kassel)
19 October 1578 14 May 1598 16 July 1633
husband's accession
23 October 1638
husband's death
19 August 1658 John Ernest
Second Creation
Marie Elisabeth of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.JPG Marie Elisabeth of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Augustus the Younger, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
(Welf)
7 January 1638 18 July 1676 1680
husband's accession
15 February 1687 Albert V

Duchess of Saxe-Eisenach[edit]

First Creation
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Husband
Coat of arms of Hesse.svg Christine of Hesse-Kassel William IV, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
(Hesse-Kassel)
19 October 1578 14 May 1598 23 October 1638
husband's death
19 August 1658 John Ernest
Second Creation
Dorothea of Saxe-Altenburg Frederick William I, Duke of Saxe-Weimar
(Wettin)
26 June 1601 24 June 1633 1640
Saxe-Eisenach partitioned from Weimar
20 December 1644
husband's death
10 April 1675 Albert IV
Third Creation
Marie Elisabeth of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.JPG Marie Elisabeth of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Augustus the Younger, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
(Welf)
7 January 1638 18 January 1663 22 November 1668
husband's death
15 February 1687 Adolf William
Johannetta of Sayn-Wittgenstein Ernest, Count of Sayn-Wittgenstein
(Sayn-Wittgenstein)
27 August 1632 29 May 1661 23 February 1671
husband's accession
19 September 1686
husband's death
28 September 1701 John George I
Württemberg 1495.gif Sophie Charlotte of Württemberg Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg
(Württemberg)
22 February 1671 20 September 1688 10 November 1698
husband's death
11 September 1717 John George II
Christine Juliane of Baden-Durlach Margrave Charles Gustav of Baden-Durlach
(Zähringen)
12 September 1678 27 February 1697 10 November 1698
husband's accession
10 July 1707 John William III
Magdalena Sybilla of Saxe-Weissenfels,duchess of Saxe-Eisenach.jpg Magdalene Sibylle of Saxe-Weissenfels Johann Adolf I, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels
(Wettin)
3 September 1673 28 July 1708 28 November 1726
Marie Christine Felizitas of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg-Heidesheim Johann Karl August, Count of Leiningen-Dagsburg
(Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg-Heidesheim)
29 December 1692 29 May 1727 14 January 1729
husband's death
3 June 1734
Anna Sophia Charlotte of Brandenburg-Schwedt, duchess of Saxe-Eisenach.jpg Anna Sophie Charlotte of Brandenburg-Schwedt Margrave Albert Frederick of Brandenburg-Schwedt
(Hohenzollern)
24 December 1706 3 June 1723 14 January 1729
husband's accession
26 July 1741
husband's death
3 January 1751 William Henry
Sophie Charlotte of Brandenburg-Bayreuth George Frederick Charles, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
(Hohenzollern)
27 July 1713 7 April 1734 26 July 1741
husband's accession
2 March 1747 Ernest Augustus I
AnnaAmalievonSachsenWeimarEisenach.jpg Anna Amalia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
(Brunswick-Bevern)
24 October 1739 16 March 1756 28 May 1758
husband's death
10 April 1807 Ernest Augustus II
Luise of Hesse-Darmstadt, grand duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.jpg Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
(Hesse-Darmstadt)
30 January 1757 3 October 1775 1809
Weimar and Eisenach united
14 February 1830 Charles Augustus

Duchess of Saxe-Altenburg[edit]

First Creation
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Husband
1593 Elisabeth.jpg Elisabeth of Brünswick-Wolfenbüttel Henry Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
(Welf)
23 June 1593 25 October 1618 1 April 1639
husband's death
25 March 1650 John Philip
Wappen Mark Brandenburg.png Sophie Elisabeth of Brandenburg Margrave Christian William of Brandenburg
(Hohenzollern)
1 February 1616 18 September 1638 1 April 1639
husband accession
16 March 1650 Frederick William II
Magdalena Sibylle von Sachsen.jpg Magdalene Sibylle of Saxony John George I, Elector of Saxony
(Wettin)
23 December 1617 11 October 1652 6 January 1668
Elisabeth Sophie of Saxe-Altenburg, duchess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.jpg Elisabeth Sophie of Saxe-Altenburg John Philip, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
(Saxe-Altenburg)
10 October 1619 24 October 1636 14 April 1672
husband accession
26 March 1675
husband's death
20 December 1680 Ernest I
Second Creation
AMALIEDUCHESSOFSAXE-ALTENBURG edite.jpg Amelia of Württemberg Duke Louis of Württemberg
(Württemberg)
28 June 1799 24 April 1817 29 September 1834
husband's accession
28 November 1848 Joseph
1803 Marie.jpg Marie Louise of Mecklenburg-Schwerin Frederick Louis, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
(Mecklenburg-Schwerin)
31 March 1803 7 October 1825 30 November 1848
husband accession
3 August 1853
husband's death
26 October 1862 George
Agnes of Anhalt-Dessau.jpg Agnes of Anhalt-Dessau Leopold IV, Duke of Anhalt
(Ascania)
24 June 1824 28 April 1853 3 August 1853
husband accession
23 October 1897 Ernest I
Adelaide of Schaumburg-Lippe, duchess of Saxe-Altenburg.jpeg Adelaide of Schaumburg-Lippe Prince William of Schaumburg-Lippe
(Schaumburg-Lippe)
22 September 1875 27 February 1898 7 February 1908
husband accession
13 November 1918
German Revolution
27 January 1971 Ernest II

Duchess of Saxe-Gotha[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Husband
Elisabeth Sophie of Saxe-Altenburg, duchess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.jpg Elisabeth Sophie of Saxe-Altenburg John Philip, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
(Saxe-Altenburg)
10 October 1619 24 October 1636 1640
husband accession
26 March 1675
husband's death
20 December 1680 Ernest I

Duchess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg[edit]

Duchess of Saxe-Gotha and Altenburg
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Husband
Elisabeth Sophie of Saxe-Altenburg, duchess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.jpg Elisabeth Sophie of Saxe-Altenburg John Philip, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
(Saxe-Altenburg)
10 October 1619 24 October 1636 14 April 1672
personal union of Altenburg and Gotha
26 March 1675
husband's death
20 December 1680 Ernest I
Duchess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Magdalena Sibylle of Saxe-Weissenfels.jpg Magdalena Sibylle of Saxe-Weissenfels August, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels
(Saxe-Weissenfels)
2 September 1648 14 November 1669 26 March 1675
husband accession
7 January 1681 Frederick I
Princess Christine of Baden-Durlach.jpg Christine of Baden-Durlach Frederick VI, Margrave of Baden-Durlach
(Zähringen)
22 April 1645 14 August 1681 2 August 1691
husband's death
21 December 1705
Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst.JPG Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst Karl, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst
(Ascania)
13 October 1679 7 June 1696 23 March 1732
husband's death
11 October 1740 Frederick II
Luise Dorothea of Saxe-Meiningen, duchess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg 2.jpg Luise Dorothea of Saxe-Meiningen Ernest Louis I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
(Saxe-Meiningen)
10 August 1710 17 September 1729 23 March 1732
husband's accession
22 October 1767 Frederick III
Charlotte Amalie of Saxe-Meiningen.jpg Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen Anton Ulrich, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
(Saxe-Meiningen)
11 September 1751 21 March 1769 10 March 1772
husband's accession
20 April 1804
husband's death
25 April 1827 Ernest II
Karoline Amalie of Hesse-Kassel.jpg Caroline Amalie of Hesse-Kassel William I, Elector of Hesse
(Hesse-Kassel)
11 July 1771 24 April 1802 20 April 1804
husband's accession
27 May 1822
husband's death
22 February 1848 Augustus

Duchess of Saxe-Marksuhl[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Husband
Johannetta of Sayn-Wittgenstein Ernest, Count of Sayn-Wittgenstein
(Sayn-Wittgenstein)
27 August 1632 29 May 1661 17 May 1662
husband's accession
23 February 1671
Union of Marksuhl and Eisenach
28 September 1701 John George I

Duchess of Saxe-Jena[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Husband
Marie Charlotte de la Trémoille.jpg Marie Charlotte de la Trémoille Henri de La Trémoille
(La Trémoille)
26 January 1632 18 July 1662 1672
husband's accession
3 May 1678
husband's death
24 August 1682 Bernhard II

Duchess of Saxe-Eisenberg[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Husband
Schlosskirche Eisenberg Christiana2.jpg Christiane of Saxe-Merseburg Christian I, Duke of Saxe-Merseburg
(Wettin)
1 June 1659 13 February 1677 13 March 1679 Christian
Schlosskirche Eisenberg Sophia Maria2.jpg Sophie Marie of Hesse-Darmstadt Louis VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt<
(Hesse-Darmstadt)
7 May 1661 9 February 1681 28 April 1707
husband's death
22 August 1712

Duchess of Saxe-Hildburghausen[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Husband
Sophie Henriette of Waldeck Prince Georg Friedrich of Waldeck
(Waldeck)
3 August 1662 30 November 1680 15 October 1702 Ernest
SophieAlbertineErbach.jpg Sophia Albertine of Erbach-Erbach Georg Ludwig I, Count of Erbach-Erbach
(Erbach-Erbach)
30 July 1683 4 February 1704 17 October 1715
husband's accession
9 March 1724
husband's death
4 September 1742 Ernest Frederick I
Caroline of Erbach-Fürstenau Philipp Karl, Count of Erbach-Fürstenau
(Erbach-Fürstenau)
29 September 1700 19 June 1726 13 August 1745
husband's death
7 May 1758 Ernest Frederick II
1726 Louise.jpg Louise of Denmark Christian VI of Denmark
(Oldenburg)
19 October 1726 1 October 1749 8 August 1756 Ernest Frederick III
Christiane Sophie Charlotte of Brandenburg-Bayreuth Frederick Christian, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
(Hohenzollern)
15 October 1733 20 January 1757 8 October 1757
Wappen Deutsches Reich - Grossherzogtum Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach.png Ernestine of Saxe-Weimar Ernest Augustus I, Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
(Saxe-Weimar)
4 January 1740 1 July 1758 23 September 1780
husband's death
10 June 1786
Charlottesahi1800.JPG Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg
(Mecklenburg-Strelitz)
17 November 1769 3 September 1785 14 May 1818 Frederick

Duchess of Saxe-Römhild[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Husband
Marie Elisabeth of Hesse-Darmstadt.jpg Marie Elisabeth of Hesse-Darmstadt Louis VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
(Hesse-Darmstadt)
11 March 1656 1 March 1676 13 May 1710
husband's death
16 August 1715 Henry

Duchess of Saxe-Saalfeld[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Husband
Herzog Sachsen-Merseburg.jpg Sophie Hedwig of Saxe-Merseburg Christian I, Duke of Saxe-Merseburg
(Saxe-Merseburg)
4 August 1660 18 February 1680 2 August 1686 John Ernest IV
Charlotte Johanna of Waldeck-Wildungen Josias II, Count of Waldeck-Wildungen
(Waldeck)
13 December 1664 2 December 1690 1 February 1699

Duchess of Saxe-Meiningen[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Husband
Marie Hedwig of Hesse-Darmstadt.jpg Marie Hedwig of Hesse-Darmstadt George II, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
(Hesse-Darmstadt)
26 November 1647 20 November 1671 26 March 1675
husband's accession
19 April 1680 Bernhard I
Elisabeth Eleonore of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.jpg Elisabeth Eleonore of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Anthony Ulrich, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
(Welf)
30 September 1658 25 January 1681 27 April 1706
husband's death
15 March 1729
Dorothea Maria of Saxe-Gotha, duchess of Saxe-Meiningen.jpg Dorothea Marie of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
(Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg)
22 January 1674 19 September 1704 27 April 1706
husband's accession
18 April 1713 Ernst Ludwig I
Elisabeth Sophie von Brandenburg Gedeon Romandon 001.JPG Elisabeth Sophie of Brandenburg Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg
(Hohenzollern)
5 April 1674 3 June 1714 24 November 1724
husband's death
22 November 1748
Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Philippsthal.JPG Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Philippsthal Charles I, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal
(Hesse-Philippsthal)
11 August 1730 26 September 1750 27 January 1763
husband's death
7 September 1801 Anton Ulrich
1764 Luise.JPG Louise of Stolberg-Gedern Christian Karl, Prince of Stolberg-Gedern
(Stolberg-Gedern)
13 October 1764 5 June 1780 21 July 1782
husband's death
24 May 1834 Charles William
LouiseEleonoreSaMei.JPG Louise Eleonore of Hohenlohe-Langenburg Christian Albert, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
(Hohenlohe-Langenburg)
11 August 1763 27 November 1782 24 December 1803
husband's death
30 April 1837 George I
Marie Fredericka of Hesse-Kassel.jpg Marie Fredericka of Hesse-Kassel William II, Elector of Hesse
(Hesse-Kassel)
6 September 1804 23 March 1825 20 September 1866
husband's abdication
4 January 1888 Bernhard II
FeodoraS-M.jpg Feodora of Hohenlohe-Langenburg Ernst I, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
(Hohenlohe-Langenburg)
7 July 1839 23 October 1858 20 September 1866
husband's accession
30 March 1872 George II
Sarolta of Prussia and Saxe-Meiningen.jpg Charlotte of Prussia Frederick III, German Emperor
(Hohenzollern)
24 July 1860 18 February 1878 25 June 1914
husband's accession
10 November 1918
husband's abdication
1 October 1919 Bernhard III

Duchess of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Husband
Anna Sofia di Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, duchessa di Sassonia-Coburgo-Saalfeld.jpg Anna Sophie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Louis Frederick I, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
(Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt)
9 September 1700 2 January 1723 4 September 1745
husband's accession
16 September 1764
husband's death
11 December 1780 Francis Josias
Sophie Antonie of Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel, duchess of SAaxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.jpg Sophia Antonia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Ferdinand Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
(Brunswick-Bevern)
3 January 1724 23 April 1749 16 September 1764
husband's accession
8 September 1800
husband's death
17 March 1802 Ernest Frederick
Augusta di Reuss-Ebersdorf, duchessa di Sassonia-Coburgo-Saalfeld.jpg Augusta of Reuss-Ebersdorf Heinrich XXIV, Count of Reuss-Ebersdorf
(Reuss-Ebersdorf)
19 January 1757 13 June 1777 8 September 1800
husband's accession
9 December 1806
husband's death
16 November 1831 Francis
Luise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.jpg Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
(Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg)
21 December 1800 31 July 1817 31 March 1826
divorce
16 November 1831 Ernest III

Duchess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Husband
Marie Wurttenberg 1799-1860.JPG Marie of Württemberg Duke Alexander of Württemberg
(Württemberg)
17 September 1799 23 December 1832 29 January 1844
husband's death
24 September 1860 Ernest I
Alexandrina Duchess Saxe Coburg, 1842.jpg Alexandrine of Baden Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden
(Zähringen)
6 December 1820 13 May 1842 29 January 1844
husband's accession
22 August 1893
husband's death
20 December 1904 Ernest II
Maria Alexandrovna of Russia.jpg Maria Alexandrovna of Russia Alexander II of Russia
(Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov)
17 October 1853 23 January 1874 22 August 1893
husband's accession
30 July 1900
husband's death
24 October 1920 Alfred
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1989-1010-501, Viktoria Adelheid von Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha.jpg Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein Friedrich Ferdinand, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein
(Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg)
31 December 1885 11 October 1905 14 November 1918
German Revolution
3 October 1970 Charles Edward

Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Husband
Luise of Hesse-Darmstadt, grand duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.jpg Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
(Hesse-Darmstadt)
30 January 1757 3 October 1775 1809
Weimar and Eisenach united
21 April 1815
become Grand Duchess
14 February 1830 Charles Augustus

Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Grand Duchess Ceased to be Grand Duchess Death Husband
Luise of Hesse-Darmstadt, grand duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.jpg Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
(Hesse-Darmstadt)
30 January 1757 3 October 1775 1815
elevated to Grand Duchess
14 June 1828
husband's death
14 February 1830 Charles Augustus
Maria Pavlovna of Russia by V.Borovikovskiy (1800s, Pavlovsk).jpg Maria Pavlovna of Russia Paul I of Russia
(Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov)
16 February 1786 3 August 1804 14 June 1828
husband's accession
8 July 1853
husband's death
23 June 1859 Charles Frederick
Sophie Netherlands.JPG Sophie of the Netherlands William II of the Netherlands
(Orange-Nassau)
8 April 1824 8 October 1842 8 July 1853
husband's accession
23 March 1897 Charles Alexander
Caroline of Reuß-Greiz, grand duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.jpg Caroline Reuss of Greiz Heinrich XXII, Prince Reuss of Greiz
(Reuss-Greiz)
13 July 1884 30 April 1903 17 January 1905 William Ernest
Feodora of Saxe-Meiningen, grand duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.jpg Feodora of Saxe-Meiningen Prince Friedrich of Saxe-Meiningen
(Saxe-Meiningen)
29 May 1890 21 January 1910 9 November 1918
Grand Duchy abolished
12 March 1972

Royal Saxony[edit]

Queen of Saxony[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Husband
H C Brandt Pfalzgräfin Maria Amalie Auguste 1769.jpg Amalie of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld Frederick Michael, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
(Palatinate-Birkenfeld)
10 May 1752 29 January 1769 20 December 1806
elevated to Queen consort
5 May 1827
husband's death
15 November 1828 Frederick Augustus I
Maria Theresa of Austria. queen of Saxony.jpg Maria Theresa of Austria Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg-Lorraine)
30 January 1757 8 October 1787 5 May 1827
husband's accession
7 November 1827 Anthony
Joseph Karl Stieler - Maria Anna von Bayern 1805-1877.jpg Maria Anna of Bavaria Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
(Wittelsbach)
27 January 1805 24 April 1833 6 June 1836
husband's accession
9 August 1854
husband's death
13 September 1877 Frederick Augustus II
Amalie-auguste.jpg Amalie Auguste of Bavaria Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
(Wittelsbach)
13 November 1801 22 November 1822 9 August 1854
husband's accession
29 October 1873
husband's death
8 November 1877 John
QueenCarolaofSaxony.jpg Carola of Vasa Gustavus, Crown Prince of Sweden
(Holstein-Gottorp)
5 August 1833 18 June 1853 29 October 1873
husband's accession
19 June 1902
husband's death
15 December 1907 Albert

References[edit]

  1. ^ According to different interpretations of when Duke John I and his brother Duke Albert II definitely split their commonly ruled Duchy of Saxony into Saxe-Lauenburg and Saxe-Wittenberg, either in 1269, 1272 or 1282, one can argue, that Agnes was a co-consort (if the definite split was in 1282 only) or not (if it happened before her marriage in 1273).
  2. ^ Albert III ruled 1296–1305 with his brothers John II and Eric I. Albert ruled alone in his partitioned branch duchy Saxe-Ratzeburg until his childless death in 1308.
  3. ^ Eric I ruled between 1296 and 1305 with his brothers John II and Albert III, thereafter alone in his partitioned branch duchy Saxe-Ratzeburg-Lauenburg until his resignation in 1338.
  4. ^ Eric V rule with his brother John IV, who never married, until the latter's death in 1414.
  5. ^ Magnus II ruled with his brothers Francis II and Maurice.
  6. ^ Francis II ruled with his brothers Magnus II (till 1588) and Maurice (till 1612).
  7. ^ Maurice ruled with his brothers Magnus II (till 1588) and Francis II.