E.123 is standards-based recommendation by the International Telecommunications Union sector ITU-T, and is entitled Notation for national and international telephone numbers, e-mail addresses and Web addresses. It provides guidelines for the presentation of telephone numbers, email addresses, and web addresses in print, on letterheads, and similar purposes.
|Telephone number, national notation||(042) 1123 4567|
|Telephone number, E.123 international notation||+31 42 1123 4567|
|Web address / URL||www.example.com|
E.123 specifically recommends that:
- only spaces be used to visually separate groups of numbers "unless an agreed upon explicit symbol (e.g. hyphen) is necessary for procedural purposes" in national notation.
- only spaces should be used to visually separate groups of numbers in international notation.
In national notation which follows E.123 recommendations, parentheses are used to indicate digits that are sometimes not dialled. Parentheses are not allowed in the international notation, according to the standard. Microsoft telephone numbers format derives from E.123 telephone number international notation by allowing the addition of area code, delimited by parentheses.
A slash (/) with spaces on either side may be used to indicate alternative numbers. (i.e. "555 1234 / 4444" means 555 1234 and 555 4444.)
Emergency contact information
A standardized language-independent way to identify a next-of-kin (or other emergency contact) in a mobile handset’s directory, in case of an emergency, has in May 2008 been adopted as a new clause in Recommendation E.123.
It proposes to store emergency contact numbers prefixed with Arabic numerals in the form “0nxxxx”; “n” is a digit from 1 through 9 and “xxxx” is any meaningful descriptive character string in any language or script (e.g. “Anna” or “Spouse”).
In the handset's directory this would be displayed as "01Anna" or "01Spouse" enabling easy identification by the emergency services. The handset’s directory entry (in the “contact number” field) would contain the actual number of the person to call in case of emergency.
- Microsoft telephone numbers format
- Local conventions for writing telephone numbers
- List of country calling codes