ESHOT

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ESHOT
ESHOT red logo.png
Parent İzmir Municipality
Founded July 27, 1943[1]
Headquarters Gediz,Buca, İzmir
Locale İzmir Province
Service area 7 Main city districts: Konak, Balçova, Karşıyaka, Bornova, Buca, Gaziemir, Çiğli and other districts in the province
Service type Local, Limited Stop bus service
Routes 382
Hubs Halkapınar, Konak, Üçkuyular, Otogar, Gümrük
Fleet 1,849 buses (1,184 solo, 498 articulated, 5 double-decker, 162 Midibus[2]
Daily ridership 2.832.909 daily[3]
Fuel type #2 Diesel
Operator ESHOT Genel Müdürlüğü
Website ESHOT

Elektrik Su Havagazı Otobüs Troleybüs (English: Electricity, Water, Coal Gas, Bus, Trolleybus) or ESHOT is a bus service operating in the İzmir Province. ESHOT, along with İZULAŞ are the two main bus transit service in İzmir. Buses serve all seven main city districts (Konak, Bornova, Balçova, Karşıyaka, Buca, Çiğli, Gaziemir) and 13 of the 18 district heads outside the city (Menemen, Aliağa, Foça, Narlıdere, Güzelbahçe, Seferihisar, Urla, Çeşme, Karaburun, Menderes, Torbalı, Selçuk, Kemalpaşa). ESHOT is owned by the İzmir Municipality (İBB).

History[edit]

Before ESHOT was formed, all of İzmir's public services were operated by several companies. ESHOT Genel Müdürlüğü was formed on July 27, 1943 to take over the İzmir Tram and Electric Company. This company operated all trams, trolleybuses and electric facilities in the city. In 1945, ESHOT took over the İzmir Coal Gas Company and on June 5, 1947 ESHOT took over the İzmir Suları A.Ş. to have control over all the cities main facilities.[1] ESHOT started printing their own paper on June 11, 1957 for new information on all public utilities. By 1959, ESHOT began producing refurbished buses under the direction of Ismail Faruk Paksoy, director of Eshot. In the 1960s the Kordon trolley line was abandoned. ESHOT started operating province wide starting December 11, 1980. On September 12, 1982 the Turkish Electric Company took over all electric operations from ESHOT. The İzmir Municipality became the parent company of ESHOT on June 27, 1984. İZSU Company was formed on March 25, 1987 to operate all water facilities in İzmir and on July 1, 1987 ESHOT turned over all water operations to İZSU. On September 1, 1994, the Coal gas factory in Alsancak closed down leaving ESHOT only in-charge of city bus operations.[1]

Connections[edit]

ESHOT has many interchanges with the national railway carrier, the Turkish State Railways, the city metro system, the İzmir Metro, the city ferry system, and the 2 city airports.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c ESHOT Official Site - ESHOT History
  2. ^ ESHOT Official Site - ESHOT Otobüs Filomuz
  3. ^ ESHOT Official Site - Sayısal profil