East Howe

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East Howe is a residential district of the town of Bournemouth, Dorset on the south coast of England.

Origins[edit]

The district takes its name from the now-archaic English word 'howe', variously defined as denoting a depression or a stretch of high ground.[1] There is a ridge of high ground stretching across to the west, which appears to have given rise to the toponyms High Howe, West Howe and East Howe, certainly prior to 1826 when all three settlements were marked on Greenwood's map of Dorset. Previously, a 'How Corner' had featured on Paterson's 1785 map of Dorset, seemingly denoting a bend in the Poole to Ringwood road (now the A348) as it passed through the High Howe area.

'Headless Cross Lane'[edit]

East Howe is approached from the ancient district of Kinson via East Howe Lane, which was known as 'Headless Cross Lane' in the 1920s on account of the T-shape formed by its junction with Wimborne Road.[2] This T-junction was marked as 'Headless Cross' on Ordnance Survey maps between 1888 and 1969. Previously it had been known as 'Rigler's Cross' after William Rigler, a landowner at the time of the 1851 census, whose descendants still live in the Kinson and East Howe areas.[3] The junction was reconfigured in 1962 when Broadway Lane was extended to meet up with Headless Cross; around the same time, land on the south-west side of the junction was acquired by Bournemouth Town Council who proceeded to lay it out as a recreation area. This area was to be christened 'Headless Cross Park', but on reflection this was thought to sound too gruesome and 'East Howe Recreation Ground' was suggested as an alternative.[4]

Brook Road[edit]

Further south, East Howe Lane is joined by Brook Road in which stood an elegant 18th-century house called Howe Lodge, thought to have been home to the local smuggler and landowner Isaac Gulliver. This property was demolished in the mid-1950s to allow road-widening.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ West Howe History Group, West Howe Proper (Wimborne: Word and Action (Dorset) Ltd., 1983), p. 18.
  2. ^ J. F. Parsons, A Companion Guide to North Bournemouth (Bournemouth: Bournemouth Local Studies Publications, 1981), p. 23.
  3. ^ A. J. McKinstry, 'Crosses Revisited', in The Journal of the Christchurch Local History Society (November 2011).
  4. ^ Ibid.
  5. ^ Parsons (op. cit.).
East Howe

Coordinates: 50°45′15″N 01°54′10″W / 50.75417°N 1.90278°W / 50.75417; -1.90278