The Eastern Mediterranean denotes the countries geographically to the east of the Mediterranean Sea. This region is also known as the region of Syria or the Levant. The eastern Mediterranean  populations share not only the geographic position, but cuisine, some customs, and a very long history. The Eastern Mediterranean Muslims, Christians, Circassians and Christian Maronite Cypriots populations speak Levantine Arabic also known as Mediterranean Arabic (شامي). In Israel Hebrew, English and Russian are spoken by the Jews who also observe laws, traditions and customs of Judaism. Small Greek and Armenian communities have retained their own languages and customs based usually on their religion.
The countries and territories of the Eastern Mediterranean include,
- Greater Syria
- Fertile Crescent
- Names of the Levant
- Eastern Mediterranean University
- East Mediterranean Gas Company
- List of Mediterranean countries
- Mediterranean Basin
- "Eastern Mediterranean Political Map - National Geographic Store". Shop.nationalgeographic.com. Retrieved 2011-10-17.
- "Ancient Ashkelon - National Geographic Magazine". Ngm.nationalgeographic.com. 2002-10-17. Retrieved 2011-10-17.
- "The state of Israel: Internal influence driving change". BBC News. 2011-11-06.
- Orfalea, Gregory The Arab Americans: A History. Olive Branch Press. Northampton, MA, 2006. Page 249
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