Edward Courtney Boyle

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For other people named Edward Boyle, see Edward Boyle (disambiguation).
Edward Courtney Boyle
VCEdwardCourtneyBoyle.jpg
Born 23 March 1883
Carlisle, Cumberland, England
Died 16 December 1967 (aged 84)
Ascot, Berkshire, England
Buried at Woking Crematorium
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Years of service 1904 - 1932, 1939 - 1943
Rank Rear Admiral
Commands held HMS E14
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Victoria Cross
Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus (Italy)
Légion d'honneur (France)
Cdr. Boyle aboard HMS E14. Photo by Ernest Brooks.

Rear Admiral Edward Courtney Boyle VC (23 March 1883 – 16 December 1967) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Educated at Cheltenham College, he was 32 years old, and a Lieutenant-Commander in the Royal Navy during the First World War when the following deed took place for which he was awarded the VC, the citation was gazetted on 21 May 1915:

Admiralty, 21st May, 1915.

The KING has been graciously pleased to approve of the grant of the Victoria Cross to Lieutenant-Commander Edward Courtney Boyle, Royal Navy, for the conspicuous act of bravery specified below:

For most conspicuous bravery, in command of Submarine E. 14, when he dived his vessel under the enemy minefields and entered the Sea of Marmora on the 27th April, 1915. In spite of great navigational difficulties from strong currents, of the continual neighbourhood of hostile patrols, and of the hourly danger of attack from the enemy, he continued to operate in the narrow waters of the Straits and succeeded in sinking two Turkish gunboats and one large military transport.[1]

The large transport sunk by E14 was the Gul Djemal which was sunk in shallow waters with the loss of 2000 troops and a battery of artillery. Its sinking ended Ottoman attempts to reinforce Gallipoli by sea. [2] In addition to Boyle's VC, Edward Geldard Stanley and Acting Lieutenant Reginald Wilfred Lawrence were both awarded the Distinguished Service Cross and all the ratings were awarded the Distinguished Service Medal.[1]

Boyle made at least two more tours of the Sea of Marmara aboard E14 during the Battle of Gallipoli. He retired with the rank of Rear Admiral in 1932, but was recalled to serve in World War II. In December 1967 Boyle was knocked down by a lorry on a pedestrian crossing and died of his injuries.

His Victoria Cross is displayed at the Royal Navy Submarine Museum, Gosport, Hampshire.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Admiralty Notice" (pdf). London Gazette (29169). 21 May 1915. p. 4894. Retrieved 16 November 2009. 
  2. ^ Hough. The Great War at Sea: 1914-1918. page 484

Bibliography[edit]

  • Hough, Richard (2001). The Great War at Sea: 1914-1918. Birlinn. ISBN 1841580538. 

External links[edit]