Edward Moseley

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Edward Moseley
Born 16 February 1683
St. Giles, Cripplegate, London, England
Died 11 July 1749
North Carolina
Occupation Surveyor General and Treasurer
Religion Anglican
Spouse(s) Anne Lillington Walker
Ann Sampson

Edward Moseley (born 16 February 1683 in England - died 11 July 1749), was the Surveyor General of North Carolina before 1710 and 1723-1733. He was also the first colonial Treasurer of North Carolina, starting in 1715. He was responsible (with William Byrd II) for surveying the boundary between North Carolina and Virginia in 1728. He was also Speaker of the North Carolina House of Burgesses (the lower house of the legislature) for several terms, as he was consistently re-elected by the people's party. He briefly acted as Governor of North Carolina while Gov. George Burrington was traveling out of the province.

Early Life[edit]

John Moseley married Mary Beaman at All Hallows London Wall on February 5, 1681/2. Their son, Edward was born February 16, 1682/3 just prior to his father’s release from indenture. John Moseley began his own merchant tailor business in Cripplegate, just west of Bishopsgate and died by April 1690 when his orphaned son applied to Christ's Hospital. School records confirm that Edward Moseley was a pupil at Christ's Hospital, Newgate, in a division called The Royal Mathematical School which had been founded in 1673 to supply educated navigators to the navy and merchant marine. Moseley applied to the school at the age of seven and was accepted on July 2, 1691. There, he learned the trade of a navigator for almost seven years. Discharge records show that Moseley left Christ's Hospital December 24, 1697, aged 14, to serve an apprenticeship (until December 1703) with Captain Jacob Foreland on the ship Joseph trading in the port of Bilbao (a Spanish iron market). Curiously and somewhat irregularly, a handwritten postscript to the indenture with Foreland states "friends of the said boy would not suffer him to be bound to the said captain and have otherwise provided for him." Unknown wealthy friends of Moseley purchased his indenture so that he would not have to go to Spain with Foreland. Soon thereafter, Moseley landed in Charleston, Carolina.[1]

Edward Moseley served southern Carolina as an Ordinary Court clerk (January 1701 - 1702) directly under Governor James Moore. Interestingly, Moseley ceased his role when Nathaniel Johnson succeeded Moore. A possible friend of Moseley’s later known as “Tuscarora Jack,” John Barnhill replaced him at that time. Afterward, Moseley worked under Dr. Thomas Bray as a librarian for the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts in 1703. While in Charleston, Edward Moseley demonstrated a fondness for books and administration and, as a good Anglican, even collected religious texts that he later donated to the Anglican Church in Chowan County, North Carolina. At the age of twenty-one, Moseley received £5 15s for cataloging the first library in Carolina. This work he performed for Dr. Bray and the Society in May 1703, following the books’ arrival in Charleston. Dr. Bray’s acquaintance provided the connections for Moseley’s future marriage to northern Carolina, or Albemarle governor Henderson Walker’s widow. Moseley met Henderson Walker and his wife, Ann, whom Moseley married only a year later, while involved with acquisition of these books. Gov. Walker seemed greatly interested in obtaining a similar Christian library for Albemarle’s capital of “Queen Anne’s Town,” later Edenton, in October of that same year. He wrote to the Bishop of London, Thomas Tenison requesting a similar gift of the Rev. Bray’s.[2]

By April 1704, Walker had died and Moseley quickly became a resident of the Albemarle, marrying Governor Walker’s widow, Ann Lillington Walker. Moseley, then twenty-three years old, immediately began his career as a surveyor and lawyer.

Career[edit]

North Carolina Colonial currency (1729) signed by Moseley.

Moseley became a planter, lawyer, surveyor, and politician with extensive landholdings (at least 55,000 acres) and numerous slaves for the labor of cultivating tobacco, pine trees, rice, and other crops. Remembered for his generosity to community and church, Moseley may have been best known for his detailed map of the North Carolina colony, which he published in 1733.[3] A revised version was drawn by the original engraver John Cowley of London in 1737.[4] Both were lasting contributions to the settlement of the colony. East Carolina University's Special Collections houses perhaps the original copy of the map of 1733 owned by Moseley himself in Greenville, North Carolina and it held quite a history of its own.[5] An earlier map of the Albemarle (1708) made by Moseley was recently discovered by Dr. Larry Tise of East Carolina University in a publication of treasures from the Lambeth Palace Collection of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel.[6]

Even though an Anglican, Moseley supported the rights of Dissenters, including Quakers, during Cary's Rebellion, albeit for pecuniary reasons. He also supported the growth of the Anglican Church.

Moseley was a personally-motivated individual who temporarily suffered the vagaries of rival surveyors and colonial justice. He used his authority as surveyor often unwisely and was twice accused of not actually setting foot on the properties that he supposedly surveyed. Virginian authorities, hungry for a favorable boundary between Virginia and North Carolina, ignored Moseley's more accurate determination of that line, described in the Carolina Charter. By 1711, he was removed as the colony's surveyor and fined £500, having to return all the surveying fees that he had collected over the past few years near the border.[7] He was later banned from holding public office for several years because he tried to obtain evidence to link Colonial Governor Charles Eden to the pirate [Edward Teach], known as Blackbeard. Moseley and his brother-in-law Maurice Moore had forcibly entered the office of the colonial secretary in 1718 in search of incriminating evidence and had been surrounded by the governor's agents. Angry words were exchanged. When Moseley's case came to trial the following year, he was accused of uttering "seditious words" against the governor when the governor's agents surrounded him. Despite at least one member of the jury being a former legal client of Moseley, Governor Eden's attorney obtained a conviction.

The conviction was merely a slap on the hand, for Moseley became surveyor-general again in 1723. He was again appointed as Treasurer of North Carolina in 1735, a position which he held until his death.

As a member of the "Family," elite South Carolinian plantationists who tried to usurp the Lower Cape Fear region from the king, he legislatively supported Brunswick Town's founder, brother-in-law Maurice Moore, from Edenton during the royal government's attempt to restore order in 1732-1733. Royal authorities created the successful port town of Wilmington from the opposition. Later, he removed to Brunswick Town, where he later died in 1749.[8]

Marriage and family[edit]

In August 1705 Moseley married Anne Lillington Walker, the widow of Gov. Henderson Walker and daughter of Maj. Alexander Lillington, in the eastern Chowan District of North Carolina. They had two sons. He was brother-in-law to Maurice Moore, who was also prominent in the colony, and became allied with the Lillingtons and other powerful families.[9]

After Anne's death, Moseley married Ann Sampson and moved from Edenton to Brunswick Town. They had a large family of sons and daughters.[10]

Citations[edit]

References[edit]