Edwin E. Moise

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Not to be confused with Edwin E. Moïse, Professor of History at Clemson University.

For the Confederate Judge, see Edwin Warren Moïse (1810-1868).

Edwin Evariste Moise
Edwin Moise Headshot.jpg
Born (1918-12-22)December 22, 1918
New Orleans, Louisiana
Died December 18, 1998(1998-12-18) (aged 79)
New York, New York
Fields Mathematician
Institutions University of Michigan
Institute for Advanced Study
Harvard University
Queens College
Alma mater University of Texas
Doctoral advisor R. L. Moore
Doctoral students James Munkres
Peter Shalen
Known for 3-manifolds
SMSG

Edwin Evariste Moise (/mˈz/;[1] December 22, 1918 – December 18, 1998)[1][2] was an American mathematician and mathematics education reformer. After his retirement from mathematics he became a literary critic of 19th century English poetry and had several notes published in that field.[1][3]

Early life and education[edit]

Edwin E. Moise was born December 22, 1918 in New Orleans, Louisiana.[2][4] He graduated from Tulane University in 1940.[1] He worked as a cryptanalyst and Japanese translator for the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations during World War II.[1][5]

He received his Ph.D. degree in mathematics from the University of Texas in 1947.[1] His dissertation was titled "An indecomposable continuum which is homeomorphic to each of its nondegenerate subcontinua," a topic in continuum theory, and was written under the direction of R. L. Moore. In his dissertation Moise coined the term pseudo-arc.[5][6]

Career[edit]

Moise taught at the University of Michigan from 1947 to 1960. He was James B. Conant Professor of education and mathematics at Harvard University from 1960 to 1971. He held a Distinguished Professorship at Queens College, City University of New York from 1971 to 1987.[1][5]

Moise started working on 3-manifolds while at the University of Michigan. During 1949–1951 he held an appointment at the Institute for Advanced Study during which he proved Moise's theorem that every 3-manifold can be triangulated in an essentially unique way.[5]

Moise joined the School Mathematics Study Group when it started in 1958, as a member of the geometry writing team. The team produced several course outlines and sample pages for a 10th grade geometry course, and then Moise and Floyd L. Downs wrote a geometry textbook, based on the team's approach, that was published in 1964. The textbook used metric postulates instead of Euclid's postulates, a controversial approach supported by some mathematicians such as Saunders Mac Lane but opposed by others such as Alexander Wittenberg and Morris Kline.[5]

Moise was a president of the Mathematical Association of America, a vice-president of the American Mathematical Society, a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and was on the Executive Committee of the International Commission on Mathematical Instruction.[1][5]

Moise retired from Queens College in 1987 and started a second career studying 19th century English poetry.[1] He had six short notes of literary criticism published.[3]

In the middle and late 1960s, Moise was among the few members of the senior faculty at Harvard University who strongly and publicly opposed the Vietnam War.

Moise died in New York City on December 18, 1998, aged 79.[1][2]

Selected publications[edit]

  • Moise, Edwin E. (1990) [1963]. Elementary Geometry from an Advanced Standpoint (3rd ed.). Boston: Addison-Wesley. ISBN 978-0-201-50867-3. 
  • Moise, Edwin E.; Floyd L. Downs (1991) [1964]. Geometry. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0-201-25335-1. 
  • Moise, Edwin E. (1966). The Number Systems of Elementary Mathematics; Counting, Measurement, and Coordinates. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. OCLC 359171. 
  • Moise, Edwin E. (1972) [1967]. Calculus (2nd ed.). Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. OCLC 363809. 
  • Moise, Edwin E. (1977). Geometric Topology in Dimensions 2 and 3. New York: New York : Springer-Verlag. ISBN 978-0-387-90220-3. 
  • Moise, Edwin E. (1982). Introductory Problem Courses in Analysis and Topology. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. ISBN 978-0-387-90701-7. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Saxon, Wolfgang (2008-12-28). "Edwin Evariste Moise, 79, Mathematics Scholar". New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  2. ^ a b c "Social Security Death Index Interactive Search". RootsWeb (based on Social Security Administration records). Retrieved 2008-09-14. "search for Moise, Edwin E" 
  3. ^ a b Anderson, Richard D.; Ben Fitzpatrick, Jr. (1998-06-29). "An Interview of Edwin Moise". Topology Atlas. York University. Retrieved 2008-09-08. 
  4. ^ "Mathematics People". Notices of the American Mathematical Society 46 (5): 573–575. May 1999. ISSN 0002-9920. Retrieved 2008-09-06. "incorrectly gives December 25 as death date" 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Kilpatrick, Jeremy (2007-11-27). "History of the International Commission on Mathematical Instruction - Profile of Edwin Evariste Moise". University of Turin. Retrieved 2008-09-08. 
  6. ^ Fitzpatrick, Jr., Ben (July 2005). "The Students of R.L. Moore". Legacy of R. L. Moore. University of Texas. Retrieved 2008-09-08. 

External links[edit]