English translations of Homer

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This is a list of English translations of Homer—that is, of the Iliad and Odyssey—chronologically ordered by date of first publication, with first lines often provided to illustrate the style of the translation. Not all translators translated both the Iliad and Odyssey; in addition to the complete translations listed here are numerous partial translations, ranging from several lines to complete chapters of Homer, which have appeared in a variety of publications.

Homeric epic translated into English
Click alphabet above to be redirected to translator surnames in index.   Translator nationalities are English unless stated otherwise. To see entire verse, click "Show."

Ancient Greek texts[edit]

Main articles: Homer and Homeric Question

Today's ancient Greek texts are not the original by any means, which not only did not survive, but was not even known when the texts "solidified" or came to include a roughly standard content. That event might have happened so that a standard Iliad could be presented at the first of the Panathenaic Games in 566 BCE, or it might have been the creation of the original of today's texts by Zenodotus in the 3rd cenruy BCE. First mention of a blind bard from Chios and the attribution of any work to Homer come from the 8th century BC, during the Geometric Period, and before the absorption of Aeolis into Ionia.

Questions of Homer's existence or date, or the first date of a work called the Iliad, are at present unresolvable, but they ae not relevant to the texts of today, which are a compilation of the content of various manuscripts surviving in the 2nd millenium CE. The "original" cited here is from "the Oxford Homer."[1]

Iliad[edit]

Reference text[edit]

Poet Provenance Proemic verse R
Homer c. 8th century BC
Greek rhapsode
Aeolis
[2]

16th and 17th centuries (1581–1700)[edit]

Translator Publication Proemic verse R
Hall, Arthur
of Grantham
1539–1605,
M. P., courtier, translator
1581 London, for Ralph Newberie

I thee beseech, O Goddesse mild, the hatefull hate to plaine, / Whereby Achilles was so wroong, and grewe in such disdaine,

[3]
Rawlyns,
Roger
1587 London, Orwin    
Colse,
Peter
  1596 London, H. Jackson    
Chapman,
George
1559–1634,
dramatist, poet, classicist
1611–15 London, Rich. Field for Nathaniell Butter[4]

Achilles' baneful wrath resound, O Goddess, that imposed / Infinite sorrows on the Greeks, and many brave souls losed / From breasts heroic…

[5]
Grantham,
Thomas
c. 1610–1664
1659 London, T. Lock
Ogilby,
John
1600–1676,
cartographer, publisher, translator
1660 London, Roycroft
Hobbes,
Thomas
1588–1679,
acclaimed philosopher, etc.
1676 London, W. Crook

O goddess sing what woe the discontent / Of Thetis’ son brought to the Greeks; what souls / Of heroes down to Erebus it sent…

[6]
Dryden,
John
1631–1700,
dramatist,
Poet Laureate
1700 London, J. Tonson

The wrath of Peleus' son, O Muse, resound, / Whose dire effects the Grecian army found, / And many a hero, king and hardy knight, / Were sent, in early youth, to shades of night:

[7]

Early 18th century (1701–1750)[edit]

Translator Publication Proemic verse R
Ozell, John d. 1743,
translator, accountant
1712 London, Bernard Lintott    
Broome, William 1689–1745,
poet, translator
Oldisworth, William 1680–1734[8]
Pope,
Alexander
(with William Broome and Elijah Fenton)
1688–1744,
poet
1715 London, Bernard Lintot

Achilles' wrath, to Greece the direful spring / Of woes unnumber'd, heavenly goddess, sing! / That wrath which hurl'd to Pluto's gloomy reign / The souls of mighty chiefs untimely slain…

[9]
Tickell,
Thomas
1685–1740,
poet
1715 London, Tickell
Fenton,
Elijah
1683–1730,
poet, biographer, translator
1717 London, printed for Bernard Lintot    
Cooke,
T.
  1729      
Fitz-Cotton,
H.
  1749 Dublin, George Faulkner    
Ashwick,
Samuel
  1750 London, printed for Brindley, Sheepey and Keith    

Late 18th century (1751–1800)[edit]

Translator Publication Proemic verse R
Scott,
J. N.
  1755 London, Osborne and Shipton    
Langley,
Samuel
, Rector of Checkley
1720–
1791
[10]
1767 London, Dodsley    
Macpherson,
James
1736–1796,
poet, compiler of Scots Gaelic poems, politician
1773 London, T. Becket

The wrath of the son of Peleus,—O goddess of song, unfold! The deadly wrath of Achilles: To Greece the source of many woes! Which peopled the regions of death,—with shades of heroes untimely slain…

[11]
Cowper,
William
1731–1800,
poet and hymnodist
1791 London, J. Johnson

Achilles sing, O Goddess! Peleus' son; / His wrath pernicious, who ten thousand woes / Caused to Achaia's host, sent many a soul / Illustrious into Ades premature…

[12]
Tremenheere, William, Chaplain to the Royal Navy 1757–
1838
[13]
1792 London, Faulder?    
Geddes,
Alexander
1737–1802,
Scots Roman Catholic theologian; scholar, poet
1792 London: printed for J. Debrett    
Bak,
Joshua

(T. Bridges?)
  1797 London    

Early 19th century (1801–1850)[edit]

Translator Publication Proemic verse R
Williams, Peter?    
Bulmer, William
[improper synthesis?]
1757–1830,
printer
1807  
[14]
Morrice,
Rev. James
  1809  

Sing, Muse, the fatal wrath of Peleus’ son, / Which to the Greeks unnumb’red evils brought, / And many heroes to the realms of night / Sent premature…

[15]
Cary,
H. F.
? (“Graduate of Oxford”)
1772–1844,
author, translator
1821 London, Munday and Slatter    
Sotheby,
William
1757–1833,
poet, translator
1831 London, John Murray    
Anonymous
(“Graduate
of Dublin”)
  1833 Dublin, Gumming    
Munford,
William
1775–1825,
American lawyer
[16]
1846 Boston, Little Brown    
Brandreth,
Thomas Shaw
1788–1873,
mathematician, inventor, classicist
1846 London, W. Pickering    

Late middle 19th century (1851–1875)[edit]

Translator Publication Proemic verse R
Buckley,
Theodore Alois
1825–1856,
translator
1851 London, H. G. Bohn

Sing, O goddess, the destructive wrath of Achilles, son of Peleus, which brought countless woes upon the Greeks, and hurled many valiant souls of heroes down to Hades…

[17]
Barter,
William G. T., Esq.
1808–1871,
barrister
[18][19]
1854 London, Longman, Brown, and Green   [20]
Hamilton,
Sidney G.
  1855–58 Philadelphia    
Clark, Thomas  
Newman,
Francis William
1807–1893,
classics professor[21]
1856 London, Walton & Naberly    
Wright,
Ichabod Charles
1795–1871,
translator, poet, accountant
1858–65 Cambridge, Macmillan    
Arnold,
Matthew
1822–1888,
critic, social commentator, poet
1861   — In part. Also authored On Translating Homer  
Giles,
Rev. Dr. J. A. [John Allen]
1808–1884,
headmaster, scholar, prolific author, clergyman[22]
1861–82      
Dart,
J. [Joseph] Henry
1817–1887,
East India Company counsel[23]
1862 London, Longmans Green

Sing, divine Muse, sing the implacable wrath of Achilleus!
Heavy with death and with woe to the banded sons of Achaia!

[24]
Norgate,
T. S. [Thomas Starling, Jr.]
1807–1893,
clergyman[25]
1864 London, Williams and Margate    
Derby,
14th Earl of
(Edward Smith-Stanley)
1799–1869,
Prime Minister
1864

Of Peleus' son, Achilles, sing, O Muse, / The vengeance, deep and deadly; whence to Greece / Unnumbered ills arose; which many a soul / Of mighty warriors to the viewless shades / Untimely sent…

[26]
Worsley, Philip Stanhope 1835–1866,
poet
1865 Edinburgh and London, William Blackwood and Sons    
Conington, John 1825–1869,
classics professor
Simcox,
Edwin W.
  1865 London, Jackson, Walford and Hodder    
Blackie,
John Stuart
1809–1895,
Scots professor of classics
1866 Edinburgh, Edmonston and Douglas    
Calverley,
Charles Stuart
1831–1884,
poet, wit
1866      
Herschel,
Sir John
1792–1871,
scientist
1866 London & Cambridge, Macmillan    
Omega 1866     [27]
Cochrane,
James Inglis
  1867 Edinburgh    
Merivale,
Charles
,
Dean of Ely
1808–1893,
clergyman, historian
1869 London, Strahan    
Bryant,
William Cullen
1794–1878,
American poet, Evening Post editor
1870 Boston, Houghton, Fields Osgood    
Cordery,
John Graham
1833–1900,
civil servant, British Raj[28]
1870 London    
Caldcleugh,
W. G.
1812–1872,
American lawyer[29][30]
1870 Philadelphia, Lippincott    
Rose,
John Benson
  1874 London, privately printed    

Late 19th century (1876–1900)[edit]

Translator Publication Proemic verse R
Barnard,
Mordaunt Roger
1828–1906,
clergyman, translator
1876 London, Williams and Margate    
Cayley,
C. B. [Charles Bagot]
1823–1883,
translator
1877 London, Longmans    
Mongan,
Roscoe
  1879 London, James Cornish & Sons    
Way,
Arthur Sanders
(Avia)
1847–1930,
Australian classicist, headmaster
1886–8 London, S. Low    
Hailstone,
Herbert
Cambridge classicist, poet 1882 London, Relfe Brothers    
Lang, Andrew 1844–1912,
Scots poet, historian, critic, folk tales collector, etc.
1883 London, Macmillan[31]

Sing, goddess, the wrath of Achilles Peleus' son, the ruinous wrath that brought on the Achaians woes innumerable, and hurled down into Hades many strong souls of heroes…

[32]
Leaf, Walter 1852–1927,
banker, scholar
Myers, Ernest 1844–1921,
poet, classicist
Howland,
G. [George]
1824–1892,
American educator, author, translator[33]
1889 Boston    
Purves,
John
  1891 London, Percival    
Bateman,
C. W.
  c. 1895 London, J. Cornish    
Mongan, R.
Butler,
Samuel
1835–1902,
novelist, essayist, critic
1898 London, Longmans, Green[34]

Sing, O goddess, the anger of Achilles son of Peleus, that brought countless ills upon the Achaeans. Many a brave soul did it send hurrying down to Hades…

[35]

Early 20th century (1901–1925)[edit]

Translator Publication Proemic verse R
Tibbetts,
E. A.
  1907 Boston, R.G. Badges    
Blakeney,
E. H.
1869–1955,
educator, classicist, poet
1909–13 London, G. Bell and Sons    
Lewis,
Arthur Garner
  1911 New York, Baker & Taylor    
Murray,
Augustus Taber
1866–1940,
American professor of classics
1924–5 Cambridge & London, Harvard & Heinemann    

Early middle 20th century (1926–1950)[edit]

Translator Publication Proemic verse R
Murison,
A. F.
1847–1934,
Professor of Roman Law, translator, classicist
1933 London, Longmans Green    
Marris,
Sir William S.
1873–1945,
governor, British Raj
1934 Oxford    
Rouse,
William Henry Denham
1863–1950,
pedogogist of classic studies
1938 London, T. Nelson & Sons  
Smith,
R. [James Robinson]
1888–1964,
Classicist, translator, poet[36]
1938 London, Grafton    
Smith, William Benjamin 1850–1934,
American professor of mathematics
1944 New York, Macmillan    
Miller, Walter 1864–1949,
American professor of classics, archaeologist
Rieu,
Emile Victor
1887–1972,
classicist, publisher, poet
1950 Harmondsworth, Middlesex, Penguin  
Chase, Alsten Hurd 1906–1994,
American chairman of preparatory school classics department[37]
1950 Boston, Little Brown
Perry, William G. 1913–1998,
Psychologist, professor of education, classicist[38]

Late middle 20th century (1951–1975)[edit]

Translator Publication Proemic verse R
Lattimore,
Richmond
1906–1984,
poet, translator
1951 Chicago, University Chicago Press[39]

Sing, goddess, the anger of Peleus’ son Achilleus / and its devastation, which put pains thousandfold upon the Achians, / hurled in their multitudes to the house of Hades...

 
Andrew, S. O. [Samuel Ogden] 1868–1952,
headmaster, classicist
[40][41]
1955 London, J. M. Dent & Sons
Oakley, Michael J.
Graves,
Robert
1895–1985,
Professor of Poetry, translator, novelist
1959 New York, Doubleday and London, Cassell
Rees,
Ennis
1925–2009,
American Professor of English, poet, translator[42]
1963 New York, Random House
Fitzgerald,
Robert
1910–1985,
American Professor of Rhetoric and Oratory, poet, critic, translator
1974 New York, Doubleday

Anger be now your song, immortal one, / Akhilleus' anger, doomed and ruinous, / that caused the Akhaians loss on bitter loss / and crowded brave souls into the undergloom…

 

Late 20th century (1976–2000)[edit]

Translator Publication Proemic verse R
Hull,
Denison Bingham
1897–1988,
American classicist[43][44]
1982  
Hammond,
Martin
born 1944,
Headmaster, classicist
1987 Harmondsworth Middlesex, Penguin[45]

Sing, goddess, of the anger of Achilleus, son of Peleus, the

[46]
Zimmer Bradley, Marion 1987 [47]
Reck,
Michael
1928–1993,
Poet, classicist, orientalist[48]
1990 New York, Harper Collins

Sing, Goddess, Achilles' maniac rage: / ruinous thing! it roused a thousand sorrows / and hurled many souls of mighty warriors / to Hades, made their bodies food for dogs / and carrion birds...

Rieu,
Emile Victor
1887–1972,
classicist, publisher, poet
2003 London, Penguin    
posthumously revised by Rieu, D. C. H. 1916–2008,
Headmaster, classicist
posthumously revised by Jones, Peter V. Born 1942
Classicist, writer, journalist
Fagles,
Robert
1933–2008,
American professor of English, poet
1990 New York, Viking/Penguin

Rage—Goddess, sing the rage of Peleus' son Achilles, / murderous, doomed, that cost the Achaeans countless losses, / hurling down to the House of Death so many sturdy souls…

Lombardo,
Stanley
born 1943,
American Professor of Classics
1997 Indianapolis, Hackett

Rage:
Sing, Goddess, Achilles' rage, Black and murderous, that cost the Greeks Incalculable pain,

[49]

21st century[edit]

Translator Publication Proemic verse R
Johnston,
Ian
[50]
Canadian academic 2002[51]

Sing, Goddess, sing of the rage of Achilles, son of Peleus— / that murderous anger which condemned Achaeans / to countless agonies and threw many warrior souls / deep into Hades…

[2]
Merrill,
Rodney
American classicist[52] 2007 University of Michigan Press
Jordan,
Herbert
born 1938,
American lawyer, translator[53]
2008 University of Oklahoma Press

Sing, goddess, of Peleus' son Achilles' anger,
ruinous, that caused the Greeks untold ordeals,

[54]
Kline, Anthony S. born 1947?,
translator
2009
[55]
Mitchell,
Stephen
born 1943,
American poet, translator[56]
2011 Simon & Schuster  
Oswald,
Alice
born 1966 British poet, won T. S. Eliot Prize in 2002[57] 2012 W. W. Norton & Company  
Powell,
Barry B.
born 1942,
American poet, classicist, translator
2013 Oxford University Press

The rage sing, O goddess, of Achilles, son of Peleus, the destructive anger that brought ten-thousand pains to the Achaeans ...

[58]

Odyssey[edit]

Reference text[edit]

Poet Provenance Proemic verse R
Homer c. 8th century BC
Greek poet
Aeolis
[59]

17th century (1615–1700)[edit]

Translator Publication Proemic verse R
Chapman,
George
1559–1634,
dramatist, poet, classicist
1615 London, Rich. Field for Nathaniell Butter

The man, O Muse, inform, that many a way
Wound with his wisdom to his wished stay;

[60]
Ogilby,
John
1600–1676,
cartographer, publisher, translator
1665 London, Roycroft

That prudent Hero's wandering, Muse, rehearse,
Who (Troy b'ing sack'd) coasting the Universe,

[61]
Hobbes,
Thomas
1588–1679,
acclaimed philosopher, etc.
1675 London, W. Crook

Tell me, O Muse, th’ adventures of the man
That having sack’d the sacred town of Troy,

[62]

Early 18th century (1701–1750)[edit]

Translator Publication Proemic verse R
Pope,
Alexander
(with William Broome and Elijah Fenton)
1688–1744,
poet
1725

The man for wisdom’s various arts renown’d,
Long exercised in woes, O Muse! resound;

[64]

Late 18th century (1751–1800)[edit]

Translator Publication Proemic verse R
Cowper,
William
1731–1800,
poet and hymnodist
1791

Muse make the man thy theme, for shrewdness famed
And genius versatile, who far and wide

[65]

Early 19th century (1801–1850)[edit]

Translator Publication Proemic verse R
Cary,
H. F.
? (“Graduate of Oxford”)
1772–1844,
author, translator
1823 London, Whittaker

O Muse, inspire me to tell of the crafty
man, who wandered very much after he

[66]
Sotheby,
William
1757–1833,
poet, translator
1834 London, John Murray

Muse! sing the Man by long experience tried,
Who, fertile in resources, wander'd wide,

[67]

Late middle 19th century (1851–1875)[edit]

Translator Publication Proemic verse R
Buckley,
Theodore Alois
1825–1856,
translator
1851 London, H. G. Bohn

O Muse, sing to me of the man full of
resources, who wandered very much

[68]
Barter,
William G. T., Esq.
1808–1871,
barrister
[18][19]
1862,
in part
London, Bell and Daldy

Sing me, O Muse, that all-experienced Man,
Who, after he Troy's sacred town o'erthrew,

[69]
Alford,
Henry
1810–1871,
theologian, textual critic, scholar, poet, hymnodist
1861 London, Longman, Green, Longman, and Robert

Tell of the man, thou Muse, much versed, who widely
Wandered, when he had sacked Troy’s sacred fortress;

[70]
Worsley,
Philip Stanhope
1835–1866,
poet
1861–2 Edinburgh, W. Blackwood & Sons

Sing me. O Muse, that hero wandering,
Who of men's minds did much experience reap,

[71]
Giles,
Rev. Dr. J. A. [John Allen]
1808–1884,
headmaster, scholar, prolific author, clergyman[22]
1862–77  

Εννεπε declare μοιI to me, Мουσα Muse,
ανδρα the man πολυτροπον of many

[72]
Norgate,
T. S. [Thomas Starling, Jr.]
1807–1893,
clergyman[25]
1862 London, Williams and Margate

The travelled Man of many a turn,—driven far,
Far wandering, when he had sacked Troy’s sacred Town;

[73]
Musgrave,
George
1798–1883,
clergyman, scholar, writer[74]
1865 London, Bell & Daldy

Tell me, O Muse, declare to me that man
Tost to and fro by fate, who, when his arms

[75]
Bigge-Wither,
Rev. Lovelace
  1869 London, James Parker and Co.

Tell me, oh Muse, of-the-many-sided man,
Who wandered far and wide full sore bestead,

[76]
Edginton,
G. W. [George William]
Physician[77] 1869 London, Longman, Green, Reader, and Dyer

Sing, Muse, of that deep man, who wander'd much,
 When he had raz'd the walls of sacred Troy,

[78]
Bryant,
William Cullen
1794–1878,
American poet, Evening Post editor
1871 Boston, Houghton, Fields Osgood

Tell me, 0 Muse, of that sagacious man
Who, having overthrown the sacred town

[79]

Late 19th century (1876–1900)[edit]

Translator Publication Proemic verse R
Barnard,
Mordaunt Roger
1828–1906,
clergyman, translator
1876 London, Williams and Margate

Muse! tell me of the man with much resource,
Who wandered far, when sacred Troy he sacked;

[80]
Merry, William Walter 1835–1918,
Oxford classicist and clergyman
1876 Oxford, Clarendon

  — Note: not a translation, per se, but the
Greek text with commentary

[81]
Riddell, James 1823–1866,
Oxford classicist[82]
Mongan,
Roscoe
  1879–80 London, James Cornish & Sons

O Muse! inspire me to tell of the man,
skilled in sxpedients, who wandered

[83]
Butcher,
Samuel Henry
1850–1910,
Anglo-Irish professor of classics
1879 London, Macmillan

Tell me, Muse, of that man, so ready at need,
who wandered far and wide, after he had sacked

[84]
Lang, Andrew 1844–1912,
Scots poet, historian, critic, folk tales collector, etc.
Schomberg,
G. A.
1821–1907,
British Raj army general[85]
1879–82 London, J. Murray

Sing Muse the hero versatile, who roved
So far, so long, after he overthrew

[86]
Du Cane,
Sir Charles
1825–1889,
governor, M. P.
1880 Edinburgh and London, William Blackwood and Sons

Muse! of that hero versatile indite to me the song,
Doomed, when he sacred Troy had sacked, to wander far and long.

[87]
Way,
Arthur Sanders
(Avia)
1847–1930,
Australian classicist, headmaster
1880 London, Macmillan

The Hero of craft-renown, O Song-goddess, chant me his fame,
Who, when low he had laid Troy town, unto many a far land came,

[88][89]
Hayman,
Henry
1823–1904,
translator, clergyman[90]
1882 London

  — Note: not a translation, per se, but the
Greek text with "marginal references, various
readings, notes and appendices."

[91]
Hamilton,
Sidney G.
  1883 London, Macmillan

  — Note: Not a translation, per se,
but a commentary. Edition inclusive
of Books 11 – 24

[92]
Palmer,
George Herbert
1842–1933,
American professor, philosopher, author
1884 Boston & New York, Houghton Mifflin

Speak to me, Muse, of the adventurous man who wandered long after he sacked the sacred

[93]
Morris,
William
1834–1896,
poet, author, artist
1887 London, Reeves & Turner

Tell me, O Muse, of the Shifty, the man who wandered afar.
After the Holy Burg, Troy town, he had wasted with war;

[94]
Howland,
G. [George]
1824–1892,
American educator, author, translator[33]
1891 New York

Tell me, O Muse, of the man of many resources, who many
Ills was made to endure, when he Troy's sacred city had wasted;

[95]
Cordery,
John Graham
1833–1900,
civil servant, British Raj[28]
1897 London, Methuen

Sing through my lips, O Goddess, sing the man
Resourceful, who, storm-buffeted far and wide,

[96]
Butler,
Samuel
1835–1902,
novelist, essayist, critic
1900 London, Longmans, Green[97]

Tell me, O muse, of that ingenious hero who
travelled far and wide after he had sacked the

[98]

Early 20th century (1901–1925)[edit]

Translator Publication Proemic verse R
Monro,
David Binning
1836–1905,
Scots anatomy professor, Homerist
1901 Oxford, Clarendon

Note: translation inclusive of Books 13–24

[99]
Mackail,
John William
1859–1945,
Oxford Professor of Poetry
1903–10 London, John Murray

O Muse, instruct me of the man who drew
His changeful course through wanderings not a few

[100]
Cotterill,
Henry Bernard
1846–1924,
essayist, translator[101][102]
1911 Boston, D. Estes/Harrap

Sing, O Muse, of the man so wary and wise, who in far lands
Wandered whenas he had wasted the sacred town of the Trojans.

[103]
Murray,
Augustus Taber
1866–1940,
American professor of classics
1919 Cambridge & London, Harvard & Heinemann

Tell me, O Muse, of the man of many devices,
who wandered full many ways after he had

[104]
Caulfeild,
Francis
  1921 London, G. Bell & Sons

Sing me the Restless Man, O Muse, who roamed the world over,
When, by his wondrous guile, he had sacked Troy's sacred fortress.

[106]
Marris,
Sir William S.
1873–1945,
governor, British Raj
1925 London, England, and Mysore, India, Oxford University Press

Tell me, O Muse, of that Great Traveller
Who wandered far and wide when he had sacked

 
Hiller,
Robert H.
1864–1944,
American professor of Greek[107][108]
1925 Philadelphia and Chicago, etc., John C. Winston

Tell me, O Muse, of that clever hero
who wandered far after capturing the

[109]

Early middle 20th century (1926–1950)[edit]

Translator Publication Proemic verse R
Bates,
Herbert
1868–1929,
novelist, short-story writer
1929 New York, McGraw Hill

Tell me the tale, Muse, of that man
Of many changes, he who went

[110]
Lawrence,
T. E.

(T. E. Shaw)
1888–1935,
archaeological scholar, military strategist, author
1932 London, Walker, Merton, Rogers; New York, Oxford University Press

              Goddess-Daughter of Zeus
                       Sustain for Me

[111]
Rouse,
William Henry Denham
1863–1950,
pedogogist of classic studies
1937 London, T. Nelson & Sons[112]

This is the story of a man, one who
was never at a loss. He had travelled

[113]
Rieu,
Emile Victor
1887–1972,
classicist, publisher, poet
1945 London & Baltimore, Penguin

The hero of the tale which I beg the
Muse to help me tell is that resourceful

[114]
Andrew,
S. O. [Samuel Ogden]
1868–1952,
headmaster
[115][116][A]
1948 London, J. M. Dent & Sons

Tell me, O muse, of the hero fated to roam
So long and so far when Ilion's keep he had sack'd,

[117]

Late middle 20th century (1951–1975)[edit]

Translator Publication Proemic verse R
Lattimore,
Richmond
1906–1984,
poet, translator
1965 New York, Harper & Row[118]

Tell me, Muse, of the man of many ways,
who was driven far journeys, after he had

[119]
Rees,
Ennis
1925–2009,
American Professor of English, poet, translator[42]
1960 New York, Random House

Of that versatile man, O Muse, tell me the story,
How he wandered both long and far after sacking

[120]
[121]
Fitzgerald,
Robert
1910–1985,
American Professor of Rhetoric and Oratory, poet, critic, translator
1961 New York, Doubleday

Sing in me, Muse, and through me tell the story
of that man skilled in all ways of contending,

[122]
Epps,
Preston H.
1888–1982,
American professor[123][124][B]
1965 New York, Macmillan
Cook,
Albert
1925–1998,
professor[125][C]
1967 New York, W. W. Norton

Tell me, Muse, about the man of many turns, who many
Ways wandered when he had sacked Troy's holy citadel;

[126]

Late 20th century (1976–2000)[edit]

Translator Publication Proemic verse R
Hull,
Denison Bingham
1897–1988,
American classicist[43][44]
1979 Ohio University Press    
Shewring,
Walter
1906–1990,
Professor of classics, poet[127]
1980 Oxford, Oxford University Press

Goddess of song, teach me the story
of a hero.

[128]
Hammond,
Martin
born 1944,
Headmaster, classicist
2000 London, Duckworth[129]

  Muse, tell me of a man – a man of much resource, who was made

[130]
Mandelbaum,
Allen
born 1926,
American professor of Italian literature and of humanities, poet, translator
1990 Berkeley, University California Press

  Muse, tell me of the man of many wiles,
the man who wandered many paths of exile

[131]
Rieu, Emile Victor 1887–1972,
classicist, publisher, poet
1991 London, Penguin

Tell me, Muse of that resourceful
man who was driven to wander far

[132]
posthumously revised by Rieu, D. C. H. 1916–2008,
Headmaster, classicist
posthumously revised by Jones, Peter V. Born 1942
Classicist, writer, journalist
Fagles,
Robert
1933–2008,
American professor of English, poet
1996 New York, Viking/Penguin

  Sing to me of the man, Muse, the
man of twists and turns driven

[133]
Kemball-Cook,
Brian
1912–2002,
Headmaster, classicist[134]
1993 London, Calliope Press

Tell me, O Muse, of a man of resourceful spirit who wandered
Far, having taken by storm Troy's sacred city and sacked it.

[135]
Dawe,
R. D.
Classicist, translator[136] 1993 Sussex, The Book Guild

Tell me, Muse, of the versatile man who was driven off course many

[137]
Reading,
Peter
born 1946,
Poet
1994      
Lombardo,
Stanley
born 1943,
American Professor of Classics
2000 Indianapolis, Hackett

  Speak, Memory –
                                   Of the cunning hero

[138]

21st century[edit]

Translator Publication Proemic verse R
Eickhoff,
R. L.
translator, poet, playwright, novelist, classicist[139] 2001 New York, T. Doherty  — Novel — [140]
Johnston,
Ian
[50]
Canadian academic 2006 Arlington, Richer Resources Publications

Muse, speak to me now of that resourceful man
who wandered far and wide after ravaging

[141]
Merrill,
Rodney
American classicist[52] 2002 University of Michigan Press

Tell me, Muse, of the man versatile and resourceful, who wandered
many a sea-mile after he ransacked Troy’s holy city.

[142]
Kline, Anthony S. born 1947?,
translator
2004
[143]
McCrorie,
Edward
American professor of English, classicist 2004 Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press

The man, my Muse, resourceful, driven a long way
after he sacked the holy city of Trojans:

[144]
Armitage,
Simon
born 1963,
Poet, playwright, novelist
2006 London, Faber and Faber Limited  — Verse-like radio dramatization[145] —  
Stein,
Charles
American poet, translator[146] 2008 Berkeley, North Atlantic Books

Speak through me, O Muse,
of that man of many devices

[147]
Powell,
Barry B.
born 1942,
American poet, classicist, translator
2014 Oxford University Press

Sing to me of the resourceful man, O Muse, who wandered
far after he had sacked the sacred city of Troy...

`
[148]

Translators[edit]

P literature.svg This literature-related list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Andrew was a classicist.
  2. ^ Epps taught classics and was a translator.
  3. ^ Cook's subjects were Comparative Literature, English and Classics.

References[edit]

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Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]