|This article relies on references to primary sources. (May 2008)|
Eucerit is a chemical substance of natural origin (from sheep wool), and a main ingredient of the popular cosmetic cream Nivea. Nivea, Eucerit and Eucerin are registered trademarks of company Beiersdorf.
Eucerit is highly purified lanolin alcohol with a high cholesterol content. The especially pure lanolin alcohol Eucerit has a much lower allergy potential than other lanolin alcohols.
Lanolin alcohol is a natural product consisting of a mixture of skin-related lipids extracted from waxes found in sheep's wool. The main component is cholesterol (30%) followed by lanosterol and lanosterol-like compounds (27%). Long-chain, aliphatic C18 to C30 n-alcohols make up the third largest component (approx. 20%).
In 1902 Dr. Isaac Lifschütz was granted a patent for the new emulsifying agent Eucerit. When mixed with mineral fats, the compound developed by Lifschütz, Eucerinum anhydricum, became a hydrophilic ointment base that could be stored indefinitely. The product's success started after Lifschütz sold his patent in 1911 to Beiersdorf.
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