Extreme points of Eurasia
This is a list of the extreme points of Eurasia, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location on the continent. Some of these locations are open to debate, owing to the diverse definitions of Europe and Asia.
Mainland Eurasia is entirely located within the northern hemisphere and mostly within the eastern hemisphere, yet it touches the western hemisphere on both extremes. Thus, both the easternmost and westernmost points of Eurasia are in the western hemisphere. Mainland Eurasia crosses 200° of longitude east to west and 76° of latitude north to south.
Extremes of Eurasia, including islands
- Northernmost Point — Cape Fligeli, Rudolf Island, Franz Josef Land, Russia (81°50'N, 59°14'E)
- Southernmost Point — Dana Island, Rote Ndao, Indonesia (11°00'S, 122°52'E)
- Westernmost point. The least ambiguous westernmost point of Eurasia is Tearaght Island, Ireland (10° 40′ W). However, the Portuguese-governed islands of the Azores straddle the boundary of the Eurasian and North American plates, and the village of Fajã Grande on Flores Island markets itself as the westernmost village in Europe. The culturally European island nation of Iceland is also on the boundary of the plates; its westernmost point is Bjargtangar (24° 32′ 03″ W).
- Easternmost point — Big Diomede, Russia (65°46'N, 169°03'W). The International Date Line runs between the Russian Big Diomede and the neighbouring U.S.-governed Little Diomede.
Extremes of the Eurasian mainland
- Northernmost Point — Cape Chelyuskin, Russia (77°44'N, 104°15'E)
- Southernmost Point — Cape Piai, Malaysia (1°15'N, 103°30'E)
- Westernmost Point — Cabo da Roca, Portugal (38°46'N, 9°29'W)
- Easternmost Point — Cape Dezhnev, Russia (66°4'N, 169°39'W)
- Highest altitude: — Mount Everest, Nepal and China — 8,848 m (29,029 ft)
- Lowest point on dry land: — The shore of the Dead Sea, Israel and Jordan, 418 m (1,371 ft) below sea level. See List of places on land with elevations below sea level.
- Farthest from the ocean: A place near Hoxtolgay in China ( ) 2,645 km (1,644 mi) from the nearest coastline. See Pole of inaccessibility.