F. Scott Fitzgerald House
F. Scott Fitzgerald House
The F. Scott Fitzgerald House, one unit of a rowhouse
|Location||599 Summit Avenue
Saint Paul, Minnesota
|Architect||William H. Willcox and Clarence H. Johnston, Sr.|
|Architectural style||Late Victorian|
|Part of||Historic Hill District (#76001067)|
|NRHP Reference #||71000440|
|Added to NRHP||November 11, 1971|
|Designated NHL||November 11, 1971|
The F. Scott Fitzgerald House, also known as Summit Terrace, in Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States, is part of a rowhouse designed by William H. Willcox and Clarence H. Johnston, Sr. The house, at 599 Summit Avenue, is listed as a National Historic Landmark for its association with author F. Scott Fitzgerald. The design of the rowhouse was called the "New York Style", where each unit was given a distinctive character similar to rowhouses in eastern cities. Architecture critic Larry Millett describes it as "A brownstone row house that leaves no Victorian style unaccounted for, although the general flavor is Romanesque Revival."
Fitzgerald's parents, Edward and Mollie, moved back to St. Paul in 1914 while F. Scott Fitzgerald was a student at Princeton University. They lived in the unit at 593 Summit Avenue for a while, then moved to the 599 Summit Avenue unit in 1918. In July and August 1919, Fitzgerald rewrote the manuscript that became his first novel, This Side of Paradise. "Although Summit Terrace was only one of several Saint Paul locations in which Fitzgerald lived, it typifies the environment on which he drew for some of the finest of his later stories."
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- "F. Scott Fitzgerald House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. 2007-09-29.
- Hess, Jeffrey A.; Clifford Larson (2006). St. Paul's Architecture: A History. Minneapolis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press. p. 60. ISBN 0-8166-3590-0.
- Millett, Larry (2007). AIA Guide to the Twin Cities: The Essential Source on the Architecture of Minneapolis and St. Paul. Minnesota Historical Society Press. p. 142. ISBN 0-87351-540-4.
- Robert Gamble and Edmund Preston. PDF (376 KB). National Park Service and PDF (2.03 MB)
- "Historic Hill District". Minnesota National Register Properties Database. Minnesota Historical Society. 2009. Retrieved 2013-01-09.
- Lavoie, C. (historian) and Lowe, Jet (photographer) (photos 28 October 1987, survey January 1989). "F. Scott Fitzgerald House (Summit Terrace), MN0133, HABS MN-83". Historic American Buildings Survey, National Park Service via Library of Congress. Retrieved 2007-10-25.