Falealupo

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Falealupo
Village & Electoral Constituency
Falealupo sunset
Falealupo sunset
Main road in the afternoon, Falealupo Tai
Main road in the afternoon, Falealupo Tai
Falealupo is located in Samoa
Falealupo
Falealupo
 
Coordinates: 13°30′9″S 172°47′23″W / 13.50250°S 172.78972°W / -13.50250; -172.78972
Country  Samoa
District Vaisigano
Population (2006)
 • Total 943 Constituency
Time zone -11
Falealupo-uta (inland) & Falealupo-tai (coast)
View of Falealupo rainforest canopy walkway and old wooden tower.

Falealupo is a village in Samoa situated at the west end of Savai'i island 20 miles (32 km) from the International Date Line used until December 29, 2011.[1] The village has two main settlements, Falealupo-Uta, situated inland by the main island highway and Falealupo-Tai, situated by the sea. The road to the coastal settlement is about 9 km, most of it unsealed, from the main highway.

Due to its location in the west of the country, and due to the Samoa is just to the east of the International Date Line,[2] Falealupo has been described as "the last village in the world to see the sunset of each day". This will soon change, as the Samoan government will move the International Date Line east of the country.[3]

Families have moved inland for the convenience of living by the main road near public transport, as well as the extensive damage to the coastal village from cyclones in the early 1990s, which left behind old church ruins along the coast. Rock pools, caves, and sandy beaches contribute to the natural beauty of the area. Falealupo-Uta has small shops and facilities for Western Union money transfer while there are beach fale accommodation and a shop at Falealupo-tai.

The settlement is part of Falealupo Electoral Constituency (Faipule District) which forms part of the larger political district of Vaisigano.[4]

Roman Catholic Cardinal Pio Taofinu'u (1923–2006), the first Polynesian bishop and cardinal, was born in Falealupo and attended the village school.[5]

Myths and Legends[edit]

Falealupo is mentioned in different myths and legends in Samoan mythology.

In the sea at the farthest point of the peninsula, the Fafā, an outcropping of volcanic rocks, is said in legend to be the gateway to the underworld Pulotu, where aitu, the spirits of deceased persons, reside.[6]

The ruler of Pulotu is Saveasi'uleo, the father of Nafanua, a goddess of war from Falealupo. Another legend tells that Nafanua's mother is Tilafaiga, who brought the art of Samoan tattoo with her sister Taema from Fiti. The village is also associated with the legend of Moso.

Falealupo Rainforest conservation[edit]

Falealupo land include large tracts of lowland rainforest. Most of Samoa's land is locally village owned under customary land governed by family matai, the chiefly heads of extended families. In 1990 the Samoan government gave the remote village of Falealupo an ultimatum to build a better school or teachers would be removed and their children would not be educated. Education in Samoa is a partnership between villages and the government, and with most of the land under customary ownership, villages provide land and school buildings with the government providing teachers and the curriculum.[7] Most of the island's economy is based on subsistence living from plantations and fishing and with no other source of revenue, the villagers sold logging rights to their rainforests. Before the logging could take place, however, Seacology co-founder and chairman Paul Alan Cox, an American ethnobotanist who had lived with his family in the village, discovered that the pristine rainforests surrounding the village of Falealupo were to be logged. Cox worked with the village chiefs and promised to raise the funds for the school in exchange for a covenant protecting the 30,000-acre (120 km2) rainforest.[8]

Satellite image of Falealupo at the west end of Savai'i island. (NASA photo 2009).

The Falealupo Rainforest School was constructed, and the village bestowed matai titles on Paul Cox, Ken Murdock, and Rex Maughan. In recognition of his achievement, in 1997 Cox together with the late High Chief Fuiono Senio shared the prestigious Goldman Environmental Prize. Cox donated his share of the prize to Seacology, which uses the funds to maintain the Falealupo Rainforest Canopy Aerial Walkway, dedicated in 1997. Seacology funded the walkway, which is owned and operated by the village, in order to help the community generate revenues from eco-tourism. At the ceremonial dedication, it was announced that the village would extend the 50-year covenant and promised to protect the rainforest in perpetuity.

In 1989, Cox was bestowed a matai chief title, Nafanua, by Falealupo in honour of his work.[9] The title is registered with the Samoan Lands and Title Court.

In 1999, the village announced that beginning January 1, 2000 monthly tourist revenues from the aerial canopy walkway would be used to fund a modest retirement fund for village elders. In February 2008, the canopy walkway was closed due to rot in the 10m wooden tower leading up to the aerial rope walkway and platforms in a giant banyan tree. Seacology funded and constructed a new aluminium tower which was completed and opened on 10 June 2010.[10]

Entry to the Falealupo rainforest walkway is about 2 km from the main road, on the way to the Falealupo Tai. A modest fee is charged by the village to visitors who wish to ascend the walkway.

Looking west at the western tip of Savai'i

Member of Parliament[edit]

Notable Samoans from Falealupo[edit]

Falealupo beach fale, local owned tourist accommodation

Notable Samoans from Falealupo include;

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "A December day disappears in Samoa and Tokelau". stuff.co.nz. 21 December 2011. 
  2. ^ Samoa is just to the east of the International Date Line until December 30, 2011 at 10 AM UTC.
  3. ^ "Samoa and Tokelau to Cross Date Line Dec. 29". Time Magazine. December 28, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Census Report 2006". Samoa Bureau of Statistics. July 2008. Retrieved 19 December 2009. 
  5. ^ "College of Cardinals Biographical Note". Holy See Press Office, Vatican. 21 January 2006. Retrieved 23 January 2010. 
  6. ^ Religious and Cosmic Beliefs of Central Polynesia. Cambridge University Press archive. p. 156. ISBN 1-00-140985-X. 
  7. ^ "Savai'i Schools". Samoa Ministry of Education, Sports & Culture. Retrieved 4 July 2010. 
  8. ^ Zeppel, Heather (2006). Indigenous ecotourism: sustainable development and management. Volume 3 of Ecotourism (Hardcover). CABI. p. 58. ISBN 1-84593-124-6. 
  9. ^ "Falealupo matai defend Nafanua Cox". Samoa Observer. 25 January 2009. Retrieved 4 July 2010. 
  10. ^ "Samoa, Falealupo village, Savai'i Island". Seacology Island Projects. June 2010. Retrieved 4 July 2010. 
  11. ^ "14th Parliament 2006 - 2011, Members of Parliament & Ministers". Parliament of Samoa. Retrieved 23 May 2010. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 13°30′S 172°48′W / 13.500°S 172.800°W / -13.500; -172.800