Fall of Edo
The Fall of Edo (江戸開城 Edo Kaijō?) took place between May and July 1868, when the Japanese capital of Edo (modern Tokyo), controlled by the Tokugawa Shogunate, fell to forces favorable to the restoration of Emperor Meiji during the Boshin War.
Saigō Takamori, leading the victorious imperial forces north and east through Japan, had won the Battle of Kōshū-Katsunuma in the approaches to the capital. He was eventually able to surround Edo in May 1868.
Some groups continued to resist after this formal surrender but were defeated in the Battle of Ueno in northeastern Tokyo, on 4 July 1868. The city was fully under control in July 1868. During that time, Tokugawa Yoshinobu had been under voluntary confinement at Kan'ei-ji temple.
- Jansen, Marius B. (2000). The Making of Modern Japan. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 10-ISBN 0674003349/13-ISBN 9780674003347; OCLC 44090600
- Kornicki, Peter. (1998). Meiji Japan: Political, Economic and Social History, 1868-1912. London: Routledge. 10-ISBN 0415156181/13-ISBN 9780415156189; 10-ISBN 041515619X/13-ISBN 9780415156196; 10-ISBN 0415156203/13-ISBN 9780415156202; 10-ISBN 0415156211/13-ISBN 9780415156219; 10-ISBN 041515622X/13-ISBN 9780415156226; OCLC 470242993
- Perkins, Dorothy. (1997). Japan Goes to War: a Chronology of Japanese Military Expansion from the Meiji Era to the Attack on Pearl Harbor (1868-1941). Upland, Pennsylvania: Diane. OCLC 638765414