Fanous (Egyptian Arabic: فانوس IPA: [fæˈnuːs], pl. فوانيس [fæwæˈniːs]; also spelled Fanos, Phanos and Fanoos) is a Greek word, transliterated to candle. The word "Fanous" means 'light' or 'lantern', and was historically used in reference to 'light of the world' and as a symbol of hope as 'light in darkness'.
The ancient Fanous is similar to the lamp, and may be lit by either a candle or oil. The fanous developed from the torches used in the Pharaonic festivals celebrating the rising of the star Sirius. For five days, the Ancient Egyptians celebrated the birthdays of Osiris, Horus, Isis, Seth and Nephtys - one on each day - by lighting the streets with fanous-like torches. The use of these torches was inherited by the Copts. This is noted by the well renowned Egyptian historian Al-Maqrizi (1364 - 1442), who notes in his book "Al Mawaiz wa al-'i'tibar bi dhikr al-khitat wa al-'athar" that the fanous originates from the Christmas candles used by the Copts.
Fanous is called 'Chandelier' in English. Fanous is widely used all over the world especially in Asian regions, for names of people or decorative purposes; in houses, restaurants, hotels, halls etc. It is made as a bunch of lights arranged in different designs and shapes. Metal and glass are mostly used for its making.