Faya-Largeau

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This article is about the city in Chad. For the plant, see Myrica faya. For the R&B duo, see Faya.
Faya-Largeau
Faya-Largeau is located in Chad
Faya-Largeau
Faya-Largeau
Location in Chad (Borkou Region highlighted)
Coordinates: 17°55′01″N 19°7′0″E / 17.91694°N 19.11667°E / 17.91694; 19.11667Coordinates: 17°55′01″N 19°7′0″E / 17.91694°N 19.11667°E / 17.91694; 19.11667
Country  Chad
Region Borkou (since 2008)
Department Borkou
Sub-Prefecture Faya-Largeau
Elevation 245 m (804 ft)
Population (2012)[1]
 • Total 48,090
Time zone +1

Faya-Largeau[2] (also known as Faya)[3] is the largest city in northern Chad and was the capital of the region of Bourkou-Ennedi-Tibesti.[4] It is now in the Borkou Region, which was formed in 2008 from the Borkou Department of the former Bourkou-Ennedi-Tibesti region.

History[edit]

LARAF MiG-23MS with empty missile rails rolling along the runway at Faya Largeau AB, some time in the mid-1980s. Also note the radome of an Il-76MD in the foreground left. Faya Largeau was the main Libyan base in northern Chad until the building of Ouadi Doum.

Originally called Faya, the town was renamed Largeau after French Colonel Étienne Largeau;[3] upon Chadian independence from France, it assumed the name Faya-Largeau. The town was captured by Libya when Libya annexed the Aouzou Strip in 1975, but was retaken by Hissène Habré's forces in 1980.[5] Libya recaptured Faya-Largeau in 1983, but retreated in 1987.[5]

Economy[edit]

Due to the considerable underground water supply in the town, the main industry is agriculture, while three lakes lie immediately north of Faya-Largeau.[citation needed] The town is serviced by Faya-Largeau Airport (IATA: FYTICAO: FTTY)[6] with a paved runway.

Demographics[edit]

Year Population[7]
1993 9,867
2008 14,123

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Faya-Largeau
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 39
(102)
43
(109)
44
(111)
49
(120)
49
(120)
49
(120)
47
(117)
46
(115)
46
(115)
47
(117)
39
(102)
36
(97)
49
(120)
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
32
(90)
36
(97)
40
(104)
44
(111)
43
(109)
43
(109)
40
(104)
39
(102)
39
(102)
33
(91)
28
(82)
37.2
(98.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 20.5
(68.9)
23
(73)
27
(81)
30.5
(86.9)
34
(93)
33.5
(92.3)
33.5
(92.3)
32
(90)
31.5
(88.7)
30.5
(86.9)
25.5
(77.9)
20.5
(68.9)
28.5
(83.32)
Average low °C (°F) 12
(54)
14
(57)
18
(64)
21
(70)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
22
(72)
18
(64)
13
(55)
19.8
(67.6)
Record low °C (°F) 4
(39)
7
(45)
11
(52)
14
(57)
17
(63)
17
(63)
16
(61)
16
(61)
17
(63)
12
(54)
9
(48)
3
(37)
3
(37)
Precipitation mm (inches) 0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
18
(0.71)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
18
(0.71)
Source: BBC Weather [8]

Located in the Sahara, Faya's climate is classed as hot desert (BWh) on the Köppen climate classification. It experiences hot winters and very hot summers with the peak average maximum temperature reaching 44 °C (111 °F) in May and the average minimum reaching its lowest in January at 12 °C (54 °F). Rainfall averages out at about 0 millimetres (0 in) each month, except August, which receives 18 millimetres (0.71 in). Relative humidity peaks in late summer (66% a.m. in August) and again in winter. It dips in autumn and spring (17% p.m. in April). Despite its low humidity, the temperatures are so high that it is classed as causing "extreme" discomfort between May and September.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Gazetteer". 
  2. ^ Atlas of the World (Eighth edition ed.). Washington, D.C., United States: National Geographic Society. 2005. 
  3. ^ a b "Faya". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved 2007-01-01. 
  4. ^ "Circonscriptions administrative". Archive du Ministère de l’Administration du territoire. Archived from the original on 2007-03-16. Retrieved 2007-01-01. 
  5. ^ a b "Libyan Intervention in Chad, 1980-Mid-1987". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 2007-01-01. 
  6. ^ "Faya-Largeau". Falling Rain Genomics, Inc. Archived from the original on 2007-03-18. Retrieved 2007-01-01. 
  7. ^ World Gazetteer: Chad
  8. ^ BBC Weather Centre "Average Conditions Faya-Largeau". BBC Weather. Retrieved August 21, 2009. 
  9. ^ "Average Conditions: Faya, Chad". BBC Weather. Retrieved 2009-07-26.