This is a list of place names of towns and cities in the Democratic Republic of the Congo which were subsequently changed after the end of Belgian colonial rule. Place names of the colonial era tended to have two versions, one in French and one in Dutch, reflecting the languages of Belgium. Many of these place names were chosen after their local geography or named after eponymous colonial figures.
Many were changed under the Authenticité programme launched under the dictatorship of Mobutu Sese Seko in the 1970s. Today, European speakers of both French and Dutch use the modern Congolese place names.