Fort Des Moines Provisional Army Officer Training School

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Fort Des Moines Provisional Army Officer Training School
Fort Des Moines Historic Complex, Building No. 46, Des Moines (Polk County, Iowa).jpg
Bachelor Officers Quarters
Location Army Post Road, Des Moines, Iowa
Built 1917
Architect Unknown
Architectural style No Style Listed
Governing body Mixed
NRHP Reference # 74000805
Significant dates
Added to NRHP May 30, 1974[1]
Designated NHL May 30, 1974[2]

The Fort Des Moines Provisional Army Officer Training School in Des Moines, Iowa was where African Americans were trained to be officers for the U.S. Army during World War I and women first began training for US Army service in 1942 as part of the Women's Army Corps. The grounds of Fort Des Moines were used for U.S. Army training beginning in 1901, and the all-Black 25th Infantry Regiment began training in 1903. In 1917 the first officer candidate class of African Americans in United State military history received commissions. Also in 1917 a training camp for black medical personnel began. In 1949 the post became a U.S. Army Reserve training center, which it continues to the present.[3]

It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1974.[2][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ a b "Fort Des Moines Provisional Army Officer Training School". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-10-03. 
  3. ^ Fort Des Moines Museum, http://www.fortdesmoines.org/chronology.shtml
  4. ^ Marcia M. Greenlee (December, 1973). National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Fort Des Moines Provisional Army Officer Training School / Fort Des Moines Military Reservation PDF (523 KB). National Park Service.  . Accompanying 30 photos, exterior, from 1983, and 1 undated aerial photo PDF (2.09 MB)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°31′36″N 93°36′55″W / 41.526606°N 93.615233°W / 41.526606; -93.615233