|Niagara Falls, New York|
|Controlled by||Great Britain 1760-1812
US Army 1812–1813
|Garrison||British Army, US Army|
|Commanders||Joseph Schlosser 1760-1764|
|Battles/wars||War of 1812|
Fort Schlosser was a fortification built in Western New York in the USA around 1760 by British Colonial forces, in order to guard the upper entrance to the portage around Niagara Falls, near the Porter-Barton Dock. It was named for its first commander, Captain Joseph Schlosser of the Royal American Regiment of Foot, a practice that was common in the British Army.
The fort consisted of a wood stockade with several structures within:
- 2 storehouses
- Living Quarters for Officers and Soldiers
Four cannons provided protection for the fort.
The fort replaced Fort Petite Niagara, a small fortification built by the French which was burned by the retreating French prior to the Siege of Fort Niagara in 1759. The Old Stone Chimney from Fort Little Niagara was incorporated into Fort Schlosser. Fort Grey guarded the end of the portage in Lewiston, NY. Fort Niagara guards the mouth of the Niagara where it flows into Lake Ontario.
Fort Schlosser was occupied by American troops at the start of the War of 1812, but was captured in 1813 and burned. The fort was located in present-day Niagara Falls, New York in what is now Niagara County, New York, near the current water intakes for the New York Power Authority off of the Robert Moses Parkway. Today, all that remains is the Old Stone Chimney, which was moved to near the intersection of Buffalo Avenue and the Robert Moses Parkway off-ramp.
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