Fort de Saint-Cyr

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Fort de Saint-Cyr
Part of Fortifications of Paris, Séré de Rivières system
Montigny-le-Bretonneux, France
Fort de Saint Cyr.jpg
Fort de Saint-Cyr is located in France
Fort de Saint-Cyr
Fort de Saint-Cyr
Coordinates 48°47′34″N 2°01′52″E / 48.79284°N 2.03124°E / 48.79284; 2.03124
Type Fort
Site information
Owner French Ministry of Culture
Controlled by France
Open to
the public
Occasional
Condition Preserved
Site history
Built 1875 (1875)

The Fort de Saint-Cyr, located in the commune of Montigny-le-Bretonneux, (Yvelines), is one of the forts built at the end of the 19th century to defend Paris. After the first world war the fort was used as an army weather station and arms depot. Classed in 1992 as a monument historique, it is now used as a film depository for the preservation of movies under the Cinémathèque française.

German World War I postcard, showing the defenses of Paris

History[edit]

In 1870, France was partly occupied by the Prussian army. As a result of this defeat, the Séré de Rivières system of fortifications was planned and constructed to defend Paris. In total, 18 forts, five redoubts and 34 batteries were built around Paris between 1874 and 1881.

Construction was authorized on 27 March 1874 for a fort to protect the town of Saint-Cyr-l'École. The fort itself was located in what was then the commune of Bois d'Arcy, now in the town limits of Montigny-le-Bretonneux.[1]

Construction on the Fort de Saint-Cyr began in May 1875 and was completed in 1879, with troops installed the same year. The garrison was composed of 26 officers, 56 non-commissioned officers and 1406 soldiers. The fort was defended by 90 artillery pieces.[2] In case of conflict, the fort's stores could provide food for three months and water for six months.[3]

The large trapeziodal fort's main armament was a twin 155mm Mougin turret.[2] The turret remains, but its guns have been removed.[4][5]

Meteorological station[edit]

After the First World War the fort was used as an army weather station and as an arms depot. A school of meteorology was established there after the Second World War.

Cinémathèque archives[edit]

Thanks to Henri Langlois, 40,000 volumes of the French Cineclub were stored at Saint-Cyr. at the disposition of the French Ministry of Culture.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cartes postales et Histoire Locales, E. Stéphan.
  2. ^ a b Puelinckx, Jean; Aublet, Jean-Louis & Mainguin, Sylvie (2010). "Saint-Cyr (fort de)". Index de la Ligne Maginot (in French). fortiff.be. Retrieved 6 February 2010. 
  3. ^ Ville de Montigny
  4. ^ Puelinckx, Jean; Aublet, Jean-Louis & Mainguin, Sylvie (2010). "Les tourelles curiassées Mle 1876 du commandant Mougin1". Index de la fortification française 1874-1914 (in French). fortiff.be. Retrieved 6 February 2010. 
  5. ^ Vauborg, Cédric; Vauborg, Julie (2010). "Implantation des tourelles Mougin" (in French). Fortiff' Séré. Retrieved 6 February 2010. 
  6. ^ La Cinémathèque française - Collections films

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]