A model of a typical Israelite house, the so-called four room house.
A reconstructed Israelite house, Monarchy period, 10th-7th centuries BCE, Eretz Israel Museum, Tel Aviv, Israel
The four room house is the name given to the typical mud brick or stone Israelite house in the Iron Age of Levant. It is so named because its floor plan, the only portion typically remaining in excavated archeological sites, is divided into four sections. It is also called a pillared house because three ground-level "rooms" are separated by two rows of wood pillars holding the second floor.
The house masters lived on the second floor, the ground floor being used as a manger for animals and for storage.