The occupational sequence at Tell Rumeida is very similar to Jerusalem. During the Early Bronze III and Middle Bronze II periods, there was a fortified city at the site. No Late Bronze Age, Iron Age I or IIA cities have been found there. Above the EBIII and MBII fortified city are 8th-century BC four room houses. Fragments of jars and burnished vessels may suggest that there was a small-scale occupation. According to Haaretz, the six-dunam Tel Rumeida excavation site is Jewish-owned land. Prior to the Second Intifada, a Palestinian family farmed the land as a protected tenant but the worsening security situation resulted in them being banned from farming the area.
According to Ehud Sprinzak, an Israeli counterterrorism specialist and expert in far-right Jewish groups, the hill was settled by "a small number of very radical Jewish families" in the mid-1980s.
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