The Fox Glacier (Te Moeka o Tuawe in Māori) is a 13 km (8.1 mi) long glacier located in Westland Tai Poutini National Park on the West Coast of New Zealand's South Island. It was named in 1872 after a visit by the then Prime Minister of New Zealand, Sir William Fox.
Fed by four alpine glaciers, Fox Glacier falls 2,600 m (8,500 ft) on its 13 km journey from the Southern Alps down to the coast, with it having the distinction of being one of the few glaciers to end among lush rainforest only 300 metres (980 ft) above sea level. Although retreating throughout most of the last 100 years, it has been advancing between 1985 and 2009. In 2006 the average rate of advance was about a metre a week. In January 2009, the terminal face of the glacier was still advancing and had vertical or overhanging faces which were continually collapsing. Since then there has been a significant retreat, with the 2009 high level clearly visible as vegetation line on the southern slope above what is left of the lower glacier today.
The outflow of the glacier forms the Fox River. During the last ice age, its ice reached beyond the present coastline, and the glacier left behind many moraines during its retreat. Lake Matheson formed as a kettle lake within one of these.
Like the nearby Franz Josef Glacier, it is one of the most accessible glaciers in the world, with its terminal face an easy walk from Fox Glacier village/Weheka. It is a major tourist attraction and about 1000 people daily visit it during high tourist season. Though people are told not to, some go beyond the barriers and climb without guides onto the glacier, whose rapid advance creates dangers of sudden ice and rockfalls.
Fox Glacier township/Weheka, 6 km away from the glacier, functions mainly as a service centre for tourists, though it also services the local farming community, which had been its main focus until the 1990s (though tourism started as early as the late 1920s). The approximate township site had been gazetted as early as 1866. Bruce Bay is 46 km to the south-west of the township, and Franz Josef is 23 km north-east. State Highway 6 runs through the town.
Accidents on the Glacier
Two Australian tourists, Ashish Miranda and Akshay Miranda, were killed on 8 January 2009 when more than 100 tonnes of ice fell on them. They were not part of a guided group and had crossed safety barriers and walked approximately 500 metres to the terminal face to take photos.
Ashish's body was recovered shortly after the accident. At the time, it was thought by rescuers that Akshay might have to be left under the ice permanently. However his body was recovered a week later, 10 km downstream from the accident.
Accidents at the airport
Nine people, including four international tourists, died in a plane crash 4 September 2010 when the plane, carrying a party of skydivers and tourists, crashed at the end of the runway at Fox Glacier, near the town.
- "Place Name Detail Fox Glacier/Te Moeka o Tuawe". New Zealand Geographic Placenames Database. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
- "The History of Fox Glacier Hotel". Scenic Hotels Group. Retrieved 19 July 2008.
- Fox Glacier area (from the DOC website. Accessed 2008-05-17.)
- "Mr Fox at the Glaciers". Otago Witness (1062). 6 April 1872. p. 8.
- "Glacier visitors ignore 'extreme risks'". The New Zealand Herald. NZPA. 12 January 2006. Archived from the original on 26 January 2010. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- Otago Daily Times, NZPA (9 January 2009). "Brothers crushed by ice named, glacier search postponed". The New Zealand Herald.
- "Fox and Franz Josef Glaciers". Fox Glacier Guiding. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
- Beautiful New Zealand, Stamps - Historical Issues, 1984 - 1980, New Zealand Post. Accessed 2008-05-17.
- Peter Dowling (editor) (2004). Reed New Zealand Atlas. Reed Books. map 76. ISBN 0-7900-0952-8.
- Roger Smith, GeographX (2005). The Geographic Atlas of New Zealand. Robbie Burton. map 173. ISBN 1-877333-20-4.
- Quickstats about Fox Glacier
- "Body of second brother recovered from Fox Glacier". The New Zealand Herald. 15 January 2009.
- "Three hospitalised after Fox Glacier plane crash". TVNZ. Retrieved 21 December 2010.
- Howard, Rebecca (4 September 2010). "Nine Dead in New Zealand Crash". The Wall Street Journal.
- "Te Kete Ipurangi - Fox Glacier School". Ministry of Education.
- Hall, Margaret (1979). Black sands and golden years : Weheka-Fox Glacier School jubilee 1877-1979. Bascands.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fox Glacier.|