Francis James Jackson

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Francis James Jackson (December 1770 – 5 August 1814) was a British diplomat, ambassador to the Ottoman Empire, Prussia, France and the United States.


Francis Jackson entered the diplomatic service aged only 16 and served as a Foreign Office clerk until 1789 when he was appointed Secretary to the Berlin legation. He later held a similar post in Madrid till he was appointed ambassador to Constantinople in 1796. On 2 December 1801, during the final negotiations for the Treaty of Amiens, Jackson was appointed minister-plenipotentiary to France, but in October 1802 moved on to the same post in Berlin, where he stayed until 1806 when Prussia was defeated in the War of the Fourth Coalition. In 1807 he was sent on a special mission to Denmark where he witnessed the bombardment of Copenhagen.

In 1809 Jackson was sent to Washington, D.C. as minister-plenipotentiary after the recall of David Erskine when the British government refused to ratify Erskine's attempt to resolve the difficulties following the conflict between HMS Leopard and the US frigate Chesapeake (the Chesapeake–Leopard Affair). Jackson remained at Washington until 1811. He died at Brighton, after a long illness, in 1814.

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Sir Robert Liston
Ambassador from the United Kingdom to the Ottoman Empire
1796 – 1799
Succeeded by
Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin
Preceded by
no representation since 1792
Minister-Plenipotentiary from the United Kingdom to France
1801 – 1802
Succeeded by
Charles Whitworth, 1st Earl Whitworth
Preceded by
John Proby, 1st Earl of Carysfort
Minister-Plenipotentiary from the United Kingdom to the Kingdom of Prussia
1802 – 1806
Succeeded by
No representation due to the occupation of Hanover
Preceded by
Hon. David Erskine
Minister-Plenipotentiary from the United Kingdom to the United States
1809 – 1811
Succeeded by
Sir Augustus Foster