Fraxinus hubeiensis

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湖北梣 hu bei qin
Fraxinus hupehensis penjing.JPG
hu bei qin used for penjing
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Oleaceae
Genus: Fraxinus
Species: F. hubeiensis
Binomial name
Fraxinus hubeiensis
S.Z.Qu, C.B.Shang & P.L.Su 1979
Synonyms

Fraxinus hupehensis S.Z.Qu, C.B.Shang & P.L.Su, 1980 orthographic variant

Fraxinus hubeiensis is a species of ash native to Hubei province in China.[1]

The species was first described in an obscure paper in 1979 with the name Fraxinus hubeiensis.[2] The description was republished the following year later in a more widely distributed journal, spelled Fraxinus hupehensis.[1][3] The latter is now considered a spelling variant, with Fraxinus hubeiensis the correct spelling.[4]

A molecular study shows it is most closely related to the Afghan ash (Fraxinus xanthoxyloides) which is found from North Africa to western China. The two are the only members of the section Sciadanthus.[5]

Fraxinus hubeiensis grows as a tree to 19 m (60 ft) high. It has compound leaves which are range from 7 to 15 cm (2.5–6 in) in length and are composed of 7 to 9 (or rarely 11) leaflets.[1]

It is used in penjing (a Chinese practice similar to the Japanese bonsai), but is at risk of overexploitation.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Fraxinus hupehensis Ch'u & Shang & Su". Flora of China. eFlora. Retrieved 23 September 2012. 
  2. ^ S.Z.Qu, C.B.Shang & P.L.Su, 1979. Journal of the Nanjing Technological College of Forest Products 1979: 146 Fraxinus hubeiensis
  3. ^ S.Z.Qu, C.B.Shang & P.L.Su. 1980. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 28(3): 366, pl. 1 Fraxinus hupehensis
  4. ^ "Fraxinus hubeiensis S.Z.Qu, C.B.Shang & P.L.Su". The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanical Garden. 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2012. 
  5. ^ Wallander, Eva (2008). "Systematics of Fraxinus (Oleaceae) and evolution of dioecy". Plant Syst Evol 273: 25–49. doi:10.1007/s00606-008-0005-3. 
  6. ^ Ming Jun, Liao Hui Rong (1998). "On the present situation of Fraxinus hupehensis and its sustainable utilization". Journal of Plant Resources and Environment 7: 19–22.