French destroyer Malin

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Le Fantasque
Fantasque, sister ship of Malin
Career (France)
Name: Malin
Launched: 17 August 1933
Commissioned: 8 June 1936
Reclassified: March 1943
Fate: Scrapped in february in 1964
General characteristics
Class and type: Fantasque-class destroyer
Displacement: 2,570 tonnes
Length: 132.40 m (434.4 ft)
Beam: 11.98 m (39.3 ft)
Draught: 4.30 m (14.1 ft)
Propulsion: 4 Penhoët boilers
2 Parsons or Rateau engines
74,000 to 81,000 hp
2 propellers
Speed: 40
Range: 1,200 km (650 nmi; 750 mi) at 34 knots (63 km/h; 39 mph)
Armament: Original:5 × 138 mm (5.4-inch) guns
4 × 37 mm AA guns
4 × 13.2 mm AA machine guns
9 × 550 mm torpedo tubes
After refit:5 × 138 mm (5.4-inch) guns
8 × 40 mm Bofors AA guns
10 × 20 mm Oerlikon AA guns
9 × 550 mm torpedo tubes

The Malin was a large destroyer ("contre-torpilleur") of the French Navy which served during the Second World War.

History[edit]

Malin was launched in August 1933 and commissioned in June 1936.

During the early months of World War II, Malin patrolled the North Atlantic with the Force de Raid,[1] taking part in the pursuit of the Graf Spee in mid-October.

In May 29, 1940, Malin and Bourrasque took part in the evacuation of allied troops at Dunkerque, and both ships were struck by mines. Malin survived and was repaired, but Bourrasque was sunk by a German submarine.

Malin was lightly damaged by British aircraft during the Battle of Mers-el-Kebir in July 3, and after being repaired, she took part in the Battle of Dakar in September[2]:42, but was sent to Casablanca in mid-October.

In November 1942, after being damaged in Operation Torch, Malin rejoined the Allied forces. In March 1943 she received a massive refit at Boston. She received: two radars; ASDIC; and her 37 and 13.2 millimeter (mm) armament was replaced by 40 and 20 mm guns. After this refit, Malin was reclassified as a light cruiser to match allied standards. She was sent to Mediterranean, operating in the landings of Salerno in September 9, 1943. On the nights of October 13 and 14, Malin landed more than 250 commandos at Ajaccio.

In 1944 Spring, with her sister ships Fantasque and Terrible, Malin formed the 10th Light Cruiser Division in the Adriatic, attacking German convoys at night including defeating a German convoy just off Ist island in February 1944. In August, she took part in Operation Dragoon, the allied invasion of southern France and in December she collided with Terrible and was under repair until 1945, receiving the bow from her scuttled sister Indomptable.CITEREFSaib.C3.A8ne

From 1946 to 1947, Malin served at Indochina. Placed in reserve from 1951, Malin was converted to headquarters in 1953. Malin collided with a reef in the north of France in November 1963, and was decommissioned in December. She was scrapped the next month.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rohwer, Jürgen; Hummelchen, Gerhard (1992). Chronology of the War at Sea 1939–1945. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. p. 5. ISBN 1-55750-105-X. 
  2. ^ Hümmelchen, Jürgen Rohwer ; with special assistance from Gerhard; Weis, Thomas (2005). Chronology of the war at sea : 1939-1945 : the naval history of World War II (3. rev. ed. ed.). Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-119-2. 
  • Saibène, Marc (n.d.). Toulon et la Marine 1942-1944. Bourg en Bresse: Marines Editions at Realisations.