French ship Régulus (1805)
The French Régulus under attack by British fireships, during the evening of August 11, 1809. Drawing by Louis-Philippe Crépin.
|Ordered:||4 April 1801|
|Laid down:||2 November 1801|
|Launched:||12 April 1805|
|In service:||15 April 1805|
|Out of service:||7 April 1814|
|Fate:||Scuttled by fire|
|Class & type:||Téméraire class ship of the line|
5260 tonnes fully loaded
|Length:||55.87 metres (183.3 ft) (172 pied)|
|Beam:||14.90 metres (48 ft 11 in)|
|Draught:||7.26 metres (23.8 ft) (22 pied)|
|Propulsion:||Up to 2,485 m2 (26,750 sq ft) of sails|
From 25 May 1801, her armament was upgraded to carry between 80 and 86 guns.
During the Atlantic campaign of 1806, she was the flagship of L'Hermite's squadron (also comprising frigates Président and Cybèle and corvette Surveillant) during L'Hermite's expedition. She patrolled from the Gulf of Guinea to Brazil and the Caribbean. On 6 January 1806 the French squadron captured the 16-gun sloop of war HMS Favourite. The squadron also captured about 20 merchantman, notably including the ships Otway and Plowers.
In 1808, Régulus was in station with the Brest squadron.
In 1809, she was transferred to Rochefort. She famously took part in the Battle of the Basque Roads from 11 April 1809, under Captain Lucas, where she ran aground between Les Palles and Fouras. For 17 days, the stranded ship repelled assaults by the British, before refloating and returning to Rochefort on 29.
The scuttling of Régulus occurred off a limestone cliff dotted by numerous caves. The site was named in honour of the ship.
Sources and references
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to French ship Régulus (1805).|
- Roche, Jean-Michel (2005). Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours 1 1671 - 1870. ISBN 978-2-9525917-0-6. OCLC 165892922.[page needed][self-published source?]
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