Friedrich Kemnade

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Friedrich Kemnade
Kemnadef.jpg
Friedrich Kemnade
Born (1911-12-12)12 December 1911
Schwarmstedt, district of Fallingbostel
Died 29 January 2008(2008-01-29) (aged 96)
Hamburg
Allegiance Germany Weimar Republic (to 1933)
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany (to 1945)
West Germany West Germany
Service/branch  Reichsmarine
 Kriegsmarine
 German Navy
Years of service 1931–1945, 1956–1970
Rank Korvettenkapitän (Kriegsmarine)
Konteradmiral (Bundesmarine)
Unit SKS Niobe
cruiser Karlsruhe
cruiser Königsberg
cruiser Nürnberg
cruiser Emden
Commands held 3.Schnellbootflottille
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
Great Cross of Merit
Other work manager at Allianz

Friedrich Walter Karl Kemnade (12 December 1911 – 29 January 2008) was a Korvettenkapitän with the Kriegsmarine during World War II and later served with the Bundesmarine. He was a recipient of the coveted Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuz mit Eichenlaub). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Career[edit]

Friedrich Kemnade was born on 12 December 1911 in Schwarmstedt in the dirstrict of Fallingbostel near Hanover, Germany. After he received his Abitur (diploma) he joined the military services of the Reichsmarine on 1 April 1931 as a Naval Officer candidate.[Note 1]

Kemnade joined the newly formed Bundesmarine (Federal Navy) on 1 April 1956 as a Fregattenkapitän (Commander) and became a Naval-Administrator on the staff of the German Military Representative to NATO Military Committee in Washington, D.C.. He received the Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany (Großes Verdienstkreuz des Bundesverdienstordens) for his long service and contributions to the Bundeswehr in September 1970.

Awards[edit]

Reference in the Wehrmachtbericht[edit]

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
Thursday, 18 June 1942 Bei der Zerschlagung des britischen Geleitzuges im östlichen Mittelmeer war eine deutsche Schnellbootflottille unter Führung ihres Flottillenchefs Kapitänleutnant Kemnade beteiligt. Die Flottille torpedierte zwei britische Kreuzer, von denen ein Kreuzer durch zwei Torpedos getroffen wurde und wahrscheinlich untergegangen ist. Schon bei früheren Unternehmungen vor der libyschen Küste versenkten die Schnellboote einen Zerstörer, ein Geleitschiff, einen Unterseebootjäger sowie 15000 BRT Versorgungsschiffraum.[4] A German fast attack flotilla, under the leadership of their flotilla chief Kapitänleutnant Kemnade, was involved in the defeat of the British convoy in the eastern Mediterranean. The flotilla torpedoed two British cruisers, of which a cruiser was hit by two torpedoes and was most likely sunk. The fast attack crafts already in previous ventures off the Libyan coast sank one destroyer, an escort ship, a submarine hunter and 15 000 tons of shipping supplies.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The German Reichsmarine which was renamed the Kriegsmarine on 1 June 1935.

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Dörr 1995, p. 317.
  2. ^ Patzwall and Scherzer 2001, p. 224.
  3. ^ a b Scherzer 2007, p. 436.
  4. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, p. 165.
Bibliography
  • Dörr, Manfred (1995). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Überwasserstreitkräfte der Kriegsmarine—Band 1: A–K [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Surface Forces of the Navy—Volume 1: A–K] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2453-2. 
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtsteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Kemnade, Friedrich (1978). Die Afrika-Flottille : Chronik und Bilanz. Der Einsatz der 3. Schnellbootflottille im 2. Weltkrieg. (in German). Stuttgart, Germany: Motorbuch-Verlag. ISBN 3-87943-558-8.
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. 
  • Range, Clemens (1974). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Kriegsmarine [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Navy]. Stuttgart, Germany: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 978-3-87943-355-1. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Thomas, Franz (1997). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 1: A–K [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 1: A–K] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2299-6. 
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, 1. Januar 1942 bis 31. Dezember 1943 [The Wehrmacht Reports 1939–1945 Volume 2, 1 January 1942 to 31 December 1943] (in German). München, Germany: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985. ISBN 978-3-423-05944-2. 

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Oberleutnant zur See Werner Töniges
Commander of 3. Schnellbootflottille
23 May 1940 – 9 July 1943
Succeeded by
Kapitänleutnant Albert Müller
Preceded by
Commander of Kommando der Schnellboote
1958 – 1960
Succeeded by
Carl-Heinz Birnbacher