Frederick Garland "Fritz" Lanham (January 3, 1880 – July 31, 1965) was a member of the United States House of Representatives from the state of Texas. A Democrat, Lanham was the son of Samuel Willis Tucker Lanham, a governor of Texas and himself a member of Congress. After graduating from the University of Texas at Austin with a B.A. in 1900, he was admitted to the bar in 1909. He was elected to Congress in 1919 and served until 1947. Representative Lanham was a proponent of strong trademark protection; the Lanham Act is named for him.