Gaiman, Chubut

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Gaiman
Town
Gaiman panorama.jpg
Gaiman is located in Argentina
Gaiman
Gaiman
Location of Gaiman in Argentina
Coordinates: 43°17′S 65°29′W / 43.283°S 65.483°W / -43.283; -65.483Coordinates: 43°17′S 65°29′W / 43.283°S 65.483°W / -43.283; -65.483
Country Argentina
Province Chubut
Department Gaiman
Elevation 27 m (89 ft)
Population
 • Total 5,753
Time zone ART (UTC-3)
CPA base U9105
Dialing code +54 2965

Gaiman is a town in the Chubut Province of Patagonia in Argentina. It has a population of about 6,000 as per the 2001 census [INDEC]. It is located close to the River Chubut, about 15 km west of Trelew. Gaiman is a cultural and demographic centre of the main region of Welsh settlement in Argentina, known in Welsh as Y Wladfa. The town was founded in 1874 by settlers from Wales and the Central Chubut Railway arrived in 1908 connecting it to Trelew. Several hundred people in the region have conserved the use of the Welsh language alongside Spanish. The 'Eisteddfod de Chubut', a Welsh cultural festival, is held here every October, and Welsh teahouses (tai te) are numerous. The Museo Histórico Regional (Regional Historical Museum) commemorates local history and is bilingual in Spanish and Welsh. There are a number of Welsh Protestant chapels, of which the largest is Capel Bethel.

10 km (6 mi) to the south of Gaiman is Bryn Gwyn, where a large number of fossils can be seen.

The town's name originates in an indigenous Tehuelche place-name meaning "rocky point."

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