Provinces of Argentina
|Provinces of Argentina|
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Politics and government of
Argentina is subdivided into twenty-three provinces (Spanish: provincias, singular provincia) and one autonomous city (Ciudad autónoma de Buenos Aires, informally the Capital Federal). The city and the provinces have their own constitutions, but exist under a federal system.
First-level Political divisions of Argentina 
Provinces of Argentina and Autonomous City of Buenos Aires 
|Flag||Province/District||Capital||Official Language||Population (2010)||Rank||Area (km²)||Rank||Density (/km²)||Rank|
|Buenos Aires City||--||2,891,082||4||203||24||14,241.8||1|
|Buenos Aires||La Plata||15,594,428||1||307,571||1||50.7||3|
|Catamarca||San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca||367,820||20||102,602||11||3.6||20|
|Corrientes||Corrientes City||Spanish, Guaraní||993,338||11||88,199||16||11.3||10|
|Jujuy||San Salvador de Jujuy||672,260||14||53,219||20||12.6||8|
|La Pampa||Santa Rosa||316,940||22||143,440||8||2.2||23|
|La Rioja||La Rioja City||331,847||21||89,680||14||3.7||19|
|San Juan||San Juan City||680,427||13||89,651||15||7.6||13|
|San Luis||San Luis City||431,588||19||76,748||18||5.6||18|
|Santa Cruz||Río Gallegos||272,524||23||243,943||2||1.1||24|
|Santa Fe||Santa Fe de la Vera Cruz||3,200,736||3||133,007||10||24.1||5|
|Santiago del Estero||Santiago del Estero City||896,461||12||136,351||9||6.6||15|
|Tierra del Fuego||Ushuaia||126,190||24||21,263a||23||5.8a||16|
|Tucumán||San Miguel de Tucumán||1,448,200||6||22,524||22||64.3||2|
Each province has also its own government, with a provincial constitution, a set of provincial laws and justice system, a supreme court, a governor, an autonomous police force (independent of the Federal Police), and a congress: in eight provinces the parliament is constituted by an upper chamber (senate) and a lower chamber (deputies), while in the remaining fifteen provinces and in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires the congress has just one chamber.
On occasion the national government intervenes in a province under internal instability or after a corruption scandal, designating an intervenor to replace the local government until the situation is normalized: since the return of democracy to the country in 1983, four provinces were intervened, namely Catamarca, Corrientes (twice), Santiago del Estero (twice) and Tucumán.
During the 20th century, some provinces have had governments traditionally controlled by a single family (i.e. the Saadi family in Catamarca, or the Sapag family in Neuquén); in one case, it is still the situation as of 2009: the Province of San Luis was ruled almost without a break by the Rodríguez Saá family since December 1983.
The internal products of the provinces are merged into the national product when the national budget is decided. The share of the budget given to each province is decided based on each province's individual contribution to the national budget. Provinces are free to choose their own utilization of their assigned percentages of the national product.
The north of Argentina was the first part of the present country to be explored by the Spanish colonisation, searching for the routes that would allow them to bring the gold and silver extracted in the Viceroyalty of Peru to the port of Buenos Aires.
Santiago del Estero, in the year 1550, was the first city founded in the territory with such ends, but lost its importance when Tucumán and Salta replaced it as mid-stops to the Atlantic coast when these two cities secured from the aboriginal attacks, and economically strengthened.
The centre of the country was also soon explored and inhabited, being the most important of the first founded cities the city of Córdoba, that became not only a political but also cultural centre with the creation of the first university, the Universidad Nacional de Córdoba in 1622.
It was not until the infamous Roca's Conquest of the Desert, started in 1879, when the southern part of Argentina was conquered in what meant the near annihilation of the aboriginal people living in these lands.
The current political division of the provinces of Patagonia was set in 1884 and has not been changed since then, except between 1944 and 1955 when a stripe covering the southern part of Chubut Province and the northern part of Santa Cruz Province was named Comodoro Rivadavia Military Zone.
A law from 1862 provided that Argentine territories outside the frontiers of the provinces would be called national territories. Thus in 1884 the territories of Misiones, Formosa, Chaco, La Pampa, Neuquén, Rió Negro, Chubut, Santa Cruz and Tierra del Fuego were established. A frontier dispute with Chile in 1900 resulted in an agreement which created the national territory of Los Andes, whose territories were incorporated into Jujuy, Salta and Catamarca in 1943.
La Pampa and Chaco became provinces in 1951. Misiones did so in 1953, and Formosa, Neuquén, Río Negro, Chubut and Santa Cruz in 1955. The last national territory, Tierra del Fuego, became a province in 1990.
Due to the late conquest of the south of the country and the prevailing cold weather, most people live in the central or northern provinces. Recent immigration to the south, mainly from Buenos Aires Province and Buenos Aires city, is lessening this difference.
Geographical Regions 
The country is also divided into six or seven regions (seven when The Pampas is divided into the Pampas' plains and Pampas' sierras):
|Argentine Northwest||Jujuy, Salta, Tucumán, Catamarca, La Rioja|
|Gran Chaco||Formosa, Chaco, Santiago del Estero|
|Mesopotamia||Misiones, Entre Ríos, Corrientes|
|Cuyo||San Juan, Mendoza, San Luis|
|The Pampas||Córdoba, Santa Fe, La Pampa, Buenos Aires|
|Patagonia||Rio Negro, Neuquén, Chubut, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego|
Even though there are provinces that belong to more than one region, they are shown here within the most representative region. In the Tucumán province, the smallest of Argentina, coexist three regions: the Pampas to the south, Gran Chaco to the northeast, and Argentine Northwest.
See also 
- List of Governors in Argentina
- ISO 3166-2:AR, the ISO codes for the provinces of Argentina.
- List of Argentine Provinces by Human Development Index
- List of Argentine provinces by GDP (nominal)
- List of Argentine provinces by GDP (nominal) per capita
- Comparison between Argentine provinces and countries by GDP (PPP) per capita
- 2010 Census provisional results
- Legislaturas distritales en Argentina (in Spanish)
- Intervenciones en la historia (in Spanish)
- Gobernadores provinciales de la República 1983-2009 (in Spanish)
- Raúl Rey Balmaceda (1995). Mi país, la Argentina (in Spanish). Buenos Aires: Arte Gráfico Editorial Argentino. p. 19. ISBN 84-599-3442-X.
- Argentine provinces
- (Spanish) Information of Argentine provinces
- (Spanish) Provincias Argentinas
- (Spanish) Territorial Division
- Provinces' Flags and Governors since 1983