Provinces of Argentina

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Provinces of Argentina
Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica and South Atlantic Islands Province Santa Cruz Chubut Río Negro Neuquén La Pampa Buenos Aires Province Buenos Aires City Santa Fe Córdoba San Luis Mendoza San Juan La Rioja Catamarca Salta Jujuy Tucumán Santiago del Estero Chaco Formosa Corrientes Misiones Entre Ríos Malvinas Islands Argentine AntarcticaProvinces of Argentina. Click to explore.
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Provinces of Argentina
Category Federated provinces
Location Argentina
Number 23 plus one autonomous city (as of 2014)
Populations 126,190–15,594,428[1]
Areas 203 km2 (78 sq mi)–​307,571 km2 (118,754 sq mi)
Government Province government
Subdivisions
Buenos Aires City: Commune 15
Buenos Aires Province: Partido 135
Other provinces: Department 378
Coat of arms of Argentina.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Argentina

Argentina is subdivided into twenty-three provinces (Spanish: provincias, singular provincia) and one autonomous city, Buenos Aires, which is the federal capital of the nation (Spanish: Capital Federal) as decided by Congress.[2] The provinces and the capital have their own constitutions, but exist under a federal system.

History[edit]

Main article: History of Argentina

During the War of Independence the main cities and their surrounding countrysides became provinces though the intervention of their cabildos. The Anarchy of the Year XX completed this process, shaping the original thirteen provinces. Jujuy seceded from Salta in 1834, and the thirteen provinces became fourteen. After seceding for a decade, Buenos Aires Province accepted the 1853 Constitution of Argentina in 1861, and was made a federal territory in 1880.[3]

A law from 1862 designated as national territories those under federal control but outside the frontiers of the provinces. In 1884 they served as bases for the establishment of the governorates of Misiones, Formosa, Chaco, La Pampa, Neuquén, Río Negro, Chubut, Santa Cruz and Tierra del Fuego.[4] The agreement about a frontier dispute with Chile in 1900 created the National Territory of Los Andes; its lands were incorporated into Jujuy, Salta and Catamarca in 1943.[3] La Pampa and Chaco became provinces in 1951. Misiones did so in 1953, and Formosa, Neuquén, Río Negro, Chubut and Santa Cruz, in 1955. The last national territory, Tierra del Fuego, became the Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur Province in 1990.[3]

Political organization[edit]

Argentina is a federation of twenty-three provinces and one autonomous city, Buenos Aires. Provinces are divided for administration purposes into departments and municipalities, except for Buenos Aires Province, which is divided into partidos. Buenos Aires City is divided into communes.

Provinces hold all the power that they chose not to delegate to the federal government;[5] they must be representative republics and must not contradict the Constitution.[6] Beyond this they are fully autonomous: they enact their own constitutions,[7] freely organize their local governments,[8] and own and manage their natural and financial resources.[9] Thus, each province has its own set of provincial laws and justice system, a supreme court, a governor, an autonomous police force, and a congress; in eight provinces this legislature is bicameral, comprising an upper chamber (the Senate) and a lower chamber (the Deputy House), while in the remaining fifteen provinces and in the Buenos Aires City it is unicameral.[10][A]

In case of sedition, insurrection, territorial invasion or any other emergent against the laws of the Republic on any province or the federal capital, the Congress has the authority to declare a federal intervention on the compromised district,[12] even in the absence of a formal request by the affected part.[13] When Congress is in recess and thus unable to decide, the President is entitled to decree such intervention, but this executive order is subject to Congressional override upon the Houses' immediate reassembly.[14] Once intervention is declared the compromised district's government is immediately dissolved—in whole or in part depending on Congressional decision—and the President appoints a representative or intervenor, who will serve for a short time until the emergency is solved. Since 1983 four provinces were intervened, namely Catamarca, Corrientes (twice), Santiago del Estero (twice) and Tucumán.[15]

During the 20th century, some provinces have had governments traditionally controlled by a single family (i.e. the Saadi family in Catamarca, or the Sapag family in Neuquén); in one case, it is still the situation as of 2009: the Province of San Luis was ruled almost without a break by the Rodríguez Saá family since December 1983.[16]

Geographical Regions[edit]

Argentina is divided into seven main geographical regions; many provinces have their territories spanning across more than one.

Region Provinces included
Northwest Jujuy, Salta, Tucumán, Catamarca, La Rioja
Mesopotamia Misiones, Entre Ríos, Corrientes
Gran Chaco Formosa, Chaco, Santiago del Estero, Tucumán
Sierras Pampeanas Córdoba, San Luis
Cuyo La Rioja, San Juan, Mendoza, San Luis
Pampas Córdoba, Santa Fe, La Pampa, Buenos Aires
Patagonia Rio Negro, Neuquén, Chubut, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego

Demographics[edit]

Flag Province/District Capital Abbr. Official Languages Population[1] Area Population density[1]
Buenos Aires Buenos Aires City CF Spanish 2,891,082 203 km2
(78 sq mi)
14,241.8 /km2
(36,886 /sq mi)
Buenos Aires Province Buenos Aires La Plata BA Spanish 15,594,428 307,571 km2
(118,754 sq mi)
50.7 /km2
(131 /sq mi)
Catamarca Province Catamarca San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca CT Spanish 367,820 102,602 km2
(39,615 sq mi)
3.6 /km2
(9.3 /sq mi)
Chaco Province Chaco Resistencia CC 1,053,466 99,633 km2
(38,469 sq mi)
10.6 /km2
(27 /sq mi)
Chubut Province Chubut Rawson CH Spanish 506,668 224,686 km2
(86,752 sq mi)
2.3 /km2
(6.0 /sq mi)
Córdoba Province, Argentina Córdoba Córdoba City CD Spanish 3,304,825 165,321 km2
(63,831 sq mi)
20.0 /km2
(52 /sq mi)
Corrientes Province Corrientes Corrientes City CR 993,338 88,199 km2
(34,054 sq mi)
11.3 /km2
(29 /sq mi)
Entre Ríos Province Entre Ríos Paraná ER Spanish 1,236,300 78,781 km2
(30,418 sq mi)
15.7 /km2
(41 /sq mi)
Formosa Province Formosa Formosa FO Spanish 527,895 72,066 km2
(27,825 sq mi)
7.3 /km2
(19 /sq mi)
Jujuy Province Jujuy San Salvador de Jujuy JY Spanish 672,260 53,219 km2
(20,548 sq mi)
12.6 /km2
(33 /sq mi)
La Pampa Province La Pampa Santa Rosa LP Spanish 316,940 143,440 km2
(55,380 sq mi)
2.2 /km2
(5.7 /sq mi)
La Rioja Province, Argentina La Rioja La Rioja City LR Spanish 331,847 89,680 km2
(34,630 sq mi)
3.7 /km2
(9.6 /sq mi)
Mendoza Province Mendoza Mendoza City MZ Spanish 1,741,610 148,827 km2
(57,462 sq mi)
11.7 /km2
(30 /sq mi)
Misiones Province Misiones Posadas MN Spanish 1,097,829 29,801 km2
(11,506 sq mi)
36.8 /km2
(95 /sq mi)
Neuquén Province Neuquén Neuquén City NQ Spanish 550,334 94,078 km2
(36,324 sq mi)
5.8 /km2
(15 /sq mi)
Río Negro Province Río Negro Viedma RN Spanish 633,374 203,013 km2
(78,384 sq mi)
3.1 /km2
(8.0 /sq mi)
Salta Province Salta Salta City SA Spanish 1,215,207 155,488 km2
(60,034 sq mi)
7.8 /km2
(20 /sq mi)
San Juan Province, Argentina San Juan San Juan City SJ Spanish 680,427 89,651 km2
(34,614 sq mi)
7.6 /km2
(20 /sq mi)
San Luis Province San Luis San Luis City SL Spanish 431,588 76,748 km2
(29,633 sq mi)
5.6 /km2
(15 /sq mi)
Santa Cruz Province, Argentina Santa Cruz Río Gallegos SC Spanish 272,524 243,943 km2
(94,187 sq mi)
1.1 /km2
(2.8 /sq mi)
Santa Fe Province Santa Fe Santa Fe City SF Spanish 3,200,736 133,007 km2
(51,354 sq mi)
24.1 /km2
(62 /sq mi)
Santiago del Estero Province Santiago del Estero Santiago del Estero City SE Spanish 896,461 136,351 km2
(52,645 sq mi)
6.6 /km2
(17 /sq mi)
Tierra del Fuego Province, Argentina Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur Ushuaia TF Spanish 126,190a 21,263 km2
(8,210 sq mi)a
5.8 /km2
(15 /sq mi)a
Tucumán Province Tucumán San Miguel de Tucumán TM Spanish 1,448,200 22,524 km2
(8,697 sq mi)
64.3 /km2
(167 /sq mi)

a Not including claims to the Falkland Islands and the Argentine Antarctica.

Argentine provinces by GDP (PPP) per capita[edit]

Argentine provinces by their 2012 regional gross domestic product per capita at purchasing power parity in 2012 international dollars.[citation needed]

Flag Region GDP (PPP)
per capita
Comparable country
Buenos Aires Buenos Aires City 52,638  United States
Tierra del Fuego Province, Argentina Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur 52,024  United States
Santa Cruz Province, Argentina Santa Cruz 45,513   Switzerland
Neuquén Province Neuquén 31,547  European Union
Chubut Province Chubut 29,062  New Zealand
Catamarca Province Catamarca 22,736  Portugal
San Luis Province San Luis 20,068  Poland
San Juan Province, Argentina San Juan 19,321  Hungary
La Pampa Province La Pampa 18,944  Hungary
Santa Fe Province Santa Fe 17,900  Argentina
Río Negro Province Río Negro 17,728  Croatia
Buenos Aires Province Buenos Aires 17,467  Russia
Córdoba Province, Argentina Córdoba 16,398  Malaysia
Mendoza Province Mendoza 16,327  Malaysia
Entre Ríos Province Entre Ríos 12,704  Romania
La Rioja Province, Argentina La Rioja 11,194  South Africa
Tucumán Province Tucumán 10,832  Colombia
Misiones Province Misiones 10,171  Thailand
Salta Province Salta 9,226  Maldives
Jujuy Province Jujuy 8,875  Belize
Chaco Province Chaco 8,848  Belize
Santiago del Estero Province Santiago del Estero 8,540  Marshall Islands
Formosa Province Formosa 8,454  Marshall Islands
Corrientes Province Corrientes 8,278  Bosnia and Herzegovina
Argentina Argentina 17,917  Gabon

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The City of Buenos Aires is a federal district, but its local organization has similarities with the provinces: it has its own constitution, an elected mayor and representatives to the Senate and Deputy chambers.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 2010 Census provisional results
  2. ^ Constitution of Argentina, art. 3.
  3. ^ a b c Rey Balmaceda 1995, p. 19.
  4. ^ Rock 1987, p. 155.
  5. ^ Constitution of Argentina, art. 121.
  6. ^ Constitution of Argentina, arts. 5, 6.
  7. ^ Constitution of Argentina, art. 123.
  8. ^ Constitution of Argentina, art. 122.
  9. ^ Constitution of Argentina, arts. 124, 125.
  10. ^ "Legislaturas de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires y provinciales – República Argentina" (in Spanish). Universidad del Salvador. Archived from the original on 15 May 2013. 
  11. ^ Constitution of Argentina, art. 129.
  12. ^ Constitution of Argentina, art. 6.
  13. ^ Constitution of Argentina, art. 75 inc. 31.
  14. ^ Constitution of Argentina, art. 99 inc. 20.
  15. ^ "Intervenciones en la historia". La Nación (in Spanish). 11 April 2004. Archived from the original on 11 October 2012. 
  16. ^ "Archivo Histórico – Gobernadores provinciales de la República Argentina 1983–2007" (in Spanish). Ministerio del Interior – Presidencia de la Nación. Archived from the original on 8 June 2009. 
  17. ^ a b c Ley No. 6604 de la Provincia de Chaco, 28 de julio de 2010, B.O., (9092)
  18. ^ Ley No. 5598 de la Provincia de Corrientes, 22 de octubre de 2004

Bibliography[edit]

Legal documents
Books
  • Rey Balmaceda, Raúl (1995). Mi país, la Argentina (in Spanish). Buenos Aires: Arte Gráfico Editorial Argentino. ISBN 84-599-3442-X. 
  • Rock, David (1987). Argentina, 1516-1987: From Spanish Colonization to the Falklands War. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0520061781. 

External links[edit]