|Elevation||1,715 m (5,627 ft)|
|Prominence||1,715 m (5,627 ft)|
|Location||Ternate, Maluku Islands, Indonesia|
Gamalama is a near-conical stratovolcano that comprises the entire Ternate island in Indonesia. The island lies off the western shore of Halmahera island in the north of the Maluku Islands. For centuries, Ternate was a center of Portuguese and Dutch forts for spice trade, which have accounted for thorough reports of Gamalama's volcanic activities.
On December 4, 2011 Mount Gamalama erupted, ejecting material up to 2,000 meters into the air. Thousands of residents in nearby Ternate City fled due to ash and dust particles raining down on the town. Finally on December 27 some 4 people died and dozens injured from debris falls (lahar) after a month of activity.
More eruptions have occurred in September, 2012.
An eruption in 1775 caused the deaths of approx 1300 people.
- "Gamalama". Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0608-06%3D. Retrieved 2006-12-13.
- "Mountains of the Indonesian Archipelago" Listed as Pulau Ternate. Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2012-01-22.
- "Thousands flee as Indonesian volcano erupts". December 5, 2011.
- "Most Popular E-mail Newsletter". USA Today. 2011-12-28.
- "Indonesia's Mount Gamalama erupts spewing ash and lava".
- "Eruption of the Gamalama volcano". December 7, 2011.
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