Gamalama

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gamalama
Pulau Ternate
Ternate, Maluku Islands, Indonesia 2.jpg
Elevation 1,715 m (5,627 ft)[1]
Prominence 1,715 m (5,627 ft)[2]
Listing Ultra
Ribu
Location
Gamalama is located in Indonesia
Gamalama
Gamalama
Location in Indonesia of the island
Location Ternate, Maluku Islands, Indonesia
Coordinates 00°48′33″N 127°20′00″E / 0.80917°N 127.33333°E / 0.80917; 127.33333Coordinates: 00°48′33″N 127°20′00″E / 0.80917°N 127.33333°E / 0.80917; 127.33333[2]
Geology
Type Stratovolcano
Last eruption September 2012

Gamalama is a near-conical stratovolcano that comprises the entire Ternate island in Indonesia. The island lies off the western shore of Halmahera island in the north of the Maluku Islands. For centuries, Ternate was a center of Portuguese and Dutch forts for spice trade, which have accounted for thorough reports of Gamalama's volcanic activities.

On December 4, 2011 Mount Gamalama erupted, ejecting material up to 2,000 meters into the air. Thousands of residents in nearby Ternate City fled due to ash and dust particles raining down on the town.[3] Finally on December 27 some 4 people died and dozens injured from debris falls (lahar) after a month of activity.[4]

More eruptions have occurred in September, 2012.[5]

An eruption in 1775 caused the deaths of approx 1300 people.[6]

Depiction of Gamalama erupting in the early 1700s with a Portuguese fort shown.


See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]