List of gasoline additives
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Gasoline additives increase gasoline's octane rating or act as corrosion inhibitors or lubricants, thus allowing the use of higher compression ratios for greater efficiency and power. Types of additives include metal deactivators, corrosion inhibitors, oxygenates and antioxidants.
Some additives are harmful, and are regulated or banned in some countries.
- Antioxidants, stabilizers
- Antiknock agents
- Lead scavengers (for leaded gasoline)
- Fuel additives in general
- Ether and other flammable hydrocarbons have been used extensively as starting fluid for many difficult-to-start engines, especially diesel engines
- Nitrous oxide, or simply nitrous, is an oxidizer used in auto racing
- Nitromethane, or "nitro," is a high-performance racing fuel
- Acetone is a vaporization additive, mainly used with methanol racing fuel to improve vaporisation at start up
- Butyl rubber (as polyisobutylene succinimide, detergent to prevent fouling of diesel fuel injectors)
- Picrate improves combustion, increases fuel mileage
- Silicone is an anti-foaming agent for diesel fuel, but may damage oxygen sensors in gasoline engines
- Tetranitromethane can increase the cetane number of diesel fuel, improving its combustion properties
Fuel additives in the United States are regulated under section 211 of the Clean Air Act (as amended in January 1995). The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires the registration of all fuel additives which are commercially distributed for use in highway motor vehicles in the United States, and may require testing and ban harmful additives. The EPA also regularly reviews the health and net economic benefits of Clean Air Act policies.
The act also requires deposit control additives (DCAs) be added to all gasolines. This type of additive is a detergent additive that acts as a cleansing agent in small passages in the carburetor or fuel injectors. This in turn serves to ensure a consistent air and fuel mixture that will contribute to better gas mileage.
- For additive metering see metering pumps
- Biobor (microbicide)
- Oil additive, which describes some similar additives
- Top Tier Detergent Gasoline
- ARRC Auto Repair Reference Center. Point 5 Technologies. Accessed via EbscoHost on November 27, 2009