Gempylidae

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gempylidae
Ruvettus pretiosus.jpg
Oilfish, Ruvettus pretiosus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Gempylidae
T. N. Gill, 1862
Genera[1]

The Gempylidae are a family of perciform fishes, commonly known as snake mackerels or escolars.

They are elongated fishes with a similar appearance to barracudas, having a long dorsal fin, usually with one or finlets trailing it. The largest species, including the snoek, Thyrsites atun, grow up to 2 m long. Like the barracudas, they are predators, with fang-like teeth.[2]

They are deep-water benthopelagic fishes, and several species are important commercial and game fishes.

Timeline[edit]

Quaternary Neogene Paleogene Holocene Pleist. Plio. Miocene Oligocene Eocene Paleocene Hemithyrsites Rexea Gempylus Epinnula Quaternary Neogene Paleogene Holocene Pleist. Plio. Miocene Oligocene Eocene Paleocene

See also[edit]

  • Euzaphlegidae, an extinct group, or possibly subtaxon of extinct relatives endemic to Late Miocene Southern California.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2013). "Gempylidae" in FishBase. April 2013 version.
  2. ^ Johnson, G.D. & Gill, A.C. (1998). Paxton, J.R. & Eschmeyer, W.N., ed. Encyclopedia of Fishes. San Diego: Academic Press. p. 190. ISBN 0-12-547665-5. 

External links[edit]