George Henry Horn
|George Henry Horn|
George Henry Horn
April 7, 1840|
|Died||November 24, 1897
Beesley's Point, New Jersey
|Institutions||American Entomological Society|
|Alma mater||University of Pennsylvania|
Born in Philadelphia, Horn attended the University of Pennsylvania, from which he graduated with a degree in medicine in 1861. From 1862 to 1866, he served in the American Civil War as surgeon to the infantry of the California Volunteers, during which time he collected insects extensively in California, Arizona, and New Mexico. He then returned to Philadelphia, where he established a medical practice, specializing in obstetrics, and was elected president of the Entomological Society of Philadelphia, the predecessor of the American Entomological Society, remaining president of the latter society until his death. Working with the collection he had made during his service in the West, he published "more than 150 important papers, in addition to very many minor notes; in these papers about 150 genera and more than 1550 species are defined". He bequeathed his collections of insects to the American Entomological Society; they are now in the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard University.
According to the entomologist Neal L. Evenhuis, "Horn’s taxonomy was almost beyond reproach, and this was no doubt due to careful and deliberate study of specimens while comparing them to types. Horn made it a point to travel to European museums, attend foreign entomological society meetings, and study type material firsthand." Throughout his career, he worked closely with John Lawrence LeConte, most notably as coauthor of the revised and expanded 1883 edition of LeConte's then-standard Classification of the Coleoptera of North America; and after LeConte's death Horn was recognized as "easily the most eminent investigator in his chosen line of work".
- "George Henry Horn" (PDF). Psyche: A Journal of Entomology 8 (261): 159–160. 1898. doi:10.1155/1898/32351. Retrieved 2009-03-09.
- John L. Capinera, ed. (2008). "Horn, George Henry". Encyclopedia of Entomology (2nd ed.). Springer. p. 1855. ISBN 978-1-4020-6242-1. Retrieved 2009-03-09.
- "George H. Horn, 1840–1897". University of Nebraska-Lincoln State Museum—Division of Entomology. Retrieved 2009-03-09.
- Evenhuis, Neal L. (2008). "The 'Mihi Itch'—a Brief History" (PDF). Zootaxa 1890: 62. ISSN 1175-5326. Retrieved 2009-06-25.
- Royal Entomological Society of London (1898). "Obituary". The Transactions of the Entomological Society of London for the Year 1897. Part V: lxxii–lxxiii. Retrieved 2009-03-09.
- "A Biographical Notice of George Henry Horn" by Philip P. Calvert, Transactions of the American Entomological Society, vol. XXV (1898)
- "The Entomological Writings of George Henry Horn" by Samuel Henshaw, Transactions of the American Entomological Society, vol. XXV (1898)