German election and referendum, 1938

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German election
and referendum, 1938
Nazi Germany
1936 ←
10 April 1938 → 1949

All 813 seats in the Reichstag
407 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 99.50%
  Majority party

  Adolf Hitler-1933.jpg

Leader Adolf Hitler
Leader since 29 July 1921
Last election 741 seats, 98.80%
Seats won 813(Sole legal party)
Seat change Increase72
Popular vote 48,751,587
Percentage 98.93%
Swing Increase0.13%

Chancellor before election

Adolf Hitler


Adolf Hitler

Parliamentary elections were held in Germany (including recently annexed Austria) on 10 April 1938.[1] They were the final elections to the Reichstag during Nazi rule and took the form of a single-question referendum asking whether voters approved of a single list of Nazis and pro-Nazi "guest" candidates for the 813-member Reichstag as well as the recent annexation of Austria (the Anschluss). Turnout in the election was officially 99.5% with 98.9% voting "yes".[1] In Austria official figures claimed 99.73% voted in favour with a turnout of 99.71%.

The elections were held largely to rally official support from the new Ostmark (Austrian) province, although further elections for 41 seats were held in the recently annexed Sudetenland on 4 December.[1] NSDAP candidates and "guests" officially received 97.32% of the votes.[2]

The new Reichstag, the last of the German Reich, convened for the first time on 30 January 1939, electing a presidium headed by incumbent President of the Reichstag Hermann Göring. It convened only a further seven times, the last on 26 July 1942. On 25 January 1943, Hitler postponed elections for a new Reichstag until after the war, with the inaugural to take place after another electoral term, subsequently on 30 January 1947 (by which point the body had ceased to exist).[3]


Ballot reading: "Do you approve of the reunification of Austria with the German reich accomplished on 13 March 1938 and do you vote for the list of our Führer, Adolf Hitler?"


Party Votes % Seats
National Socialist German Workers Party (including blank votes) 44,451,092 99.01 813
Against 443,023 0.91
Invalid 69,890 0.08
Total 44,964,005 100 813
Registered voters/turnout 45,149,952 99.59
Source: Direct Democracy


Choice Votes %
For 4,453,912 99.73
Against 11,929 0.27
Invalid/blank votes 5,777
Total 4,471,618 100
Registered voters/turnout 4,484,617 99.71
Source: Direct Democracy


Party Votes % Seats
National Socialist German Workers Party 2,464,681 98.68 41
Against 32,923 1.32
Invalid/blank votes
Total 2,497,604 100 41
Registered voters/turnout 2,532,863 98.90
Source: Nohlen & Stöver
Ballot for the Sudeten election, carried out on 5 December after the annexation of the Sudetenland. It would be the last election under Nazi rule.


  1. ^ a b c Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p762 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Zimmermann, Volker: Die Sudetendeutschen im NS-Staat. Politik und Stimmung der Bevölkerung im Reichsgau Sudetenland (1938–1945). Essen 1999. ISBN 3-88474-770-3
  3. ^ Max Domarus (2007) The Essential Hitler: Speeches and Commentary, Bolchazy-Carducci, p292

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