West German federal election, 1957

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Election for the 3rd German Federal Diet[1]
West Germany
1953 ←
15 September 1957 (1957-09-15)[1] → 1961

All 519 seats in the Bundestag
260 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 87.8% (voting eligible)[2]
  First party Second party Third party
  Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F078072-0004, Konrad Adenauer.jpg Bundesarchiv Bild 183-21272-0001, Erich Ollenhauer.jpg No image.svg
Leader Konrad Adenauer Erich Ollenhauer Reinhold Maier
Party CDU/CSU SPD FDP
Seats before 249 162 53
Seats won 277 181 43
Seat change Increase28 Increase19 Decrease10
Popular vote 15,008,399 9,495,571 2,307,135
Percentage 50.2% 31.8% 7.7%
Swing Increase5.0% Increase3.0% Decrease1.9%

  Fourth party Fifth party
 
Party DP GB/BHE
Seats before 15 27
Seats won 17 0
Seat change Increase2 Decrease27
Popular vote 1,007,282 1,374,066
Percentage 3.4% 4.6%
Swing Increase0.1% Decrease1.3%

West German Federal Election - Party list vote results by state - 1957.png

Election results (party list) by state: the lighter blue denotes states where CDU had the plurality of votes; darker blue denotes states where CDU/CSU had the absolute majority of the votes; and pink denotes states where the SPD had the plurality of votes

Chancellor before election

Konrad Adenauer
CDU/CSU

Elected Chancellor

Konrad Adenauer
CDU/CSU

Seat results – SPD in red, FDP in yellow, CDU/CSU in black, others (moderate right) in gray
Coat of arms of Germany.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Germany
Foreign relations

Federal elections were held in West Germany on 15 September 1957. The Christian Democratic Union remained the largest party in the Bundestag, winning 277 seats.

Issues and Campaign[edit]

Federal Chancellor Adenauer had some solid advantages over his Social Democratic opponent, Erich Ollenhauer: West Germany had become fully sovereign in 1955, it had joined the European Economic Community in March 1957, its economy grew steadily with a very low unemployment, and most West Germans felt clearly more prosperous and more secure than in 1949 or 1953. Although the West German economic growth was more directly enhanced by the social market economy policies of Economics Minister Ludwig Erhard, most non-socialistically inclined West German voters gave Adenauer the credit for it.[3][4]

Results[edit]

e • d Summary of the 15 September 1957 German Bundestag election results
Parties Constituency Party list Total seats
Votes  % +/− Seats +/− Votes  % +/− Seats +/− Seats +/−  %
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) 11,975,400 39.7 +4.9 147 +17 11,875,339 39.7 +3.3 68 +7 222 +25 42.8
Social Democratic Party (SPD) 9,651,669 32.0 +2.5 46 +1 9,495,571 31.8 +3.0 123 +17 181 +19 34.9
Christian Social Union (CSU) 3,186,150 10.6 +1.7 47 +5 3,133,060 10.5 +1.7 8 −2 55 +3 10.6
Free Democratic Party (FDP) 2,276,234 7.5 −3.3 1 −13 2,307,135 7.7 −1.8 40 +6 44 −9 8.5
All-German Bloc/League of Expellees and Deprived of Rights (GB/BHE) 1,324,636 4.4 −1.5 0 ±0 1,374,066 4.6 −1.3 0 −27 0 −27 0
German Party (DP) 1,062,293 3.5 −0.4 6 −4 1,007,282 3.4 +0.1 11 +6 17 +2 3.3
German Reich Party (DRP) 290,622 1.0 +0.3 0 ±0 308,564 1.0 −0.1 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Federalist Union (FU) 295,533 1.0 +1.0 0 ±0 254,322 0.9 +0.9 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Alliance of Germans (BdD) 37,329 0.1 +0.1 0 ±0 58,725 0.2 +0.2 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
South Schleswig Voter Federation (SSW) 33,463 0.1 −0.1 0 ±0 32,262 0.1 −0.1 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
German Community (DG) 16,410 0.1 +0.1 0 ±0 17,490 0.1 +0.1 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
German Middle Class (Mittelstand) 3,024 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 36,592 0.1 +0.1 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Patriotic Union (VU) 2,250 0.0 ±0.0 0 ±0 5,020 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Party of the Good Germans (PdgD) 356 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Electoral groups and independents 845 0.0 −0.1 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Invalid/blank votes 916,680 1,167,466
Total 31,072,894 100 ±0.0 247 +5 31,072,894 100 ±0.0 250 +5 519 +10 ±0
Registered voters/turnout 35,400,923 87.8 35,400,923 87.8
Source: Federal Returning Officer
^† — includes the non-voting delegates for West Berlin (12 SPD, 7 CDU, 3 FDP).


277 181 43 17
CDU/CSU SPD FDP DP
Popular Vote
CDU/CSU
  
50.19%
SPD
  
31.75%
FDP
  
7.71%
GB/BHE
  
4.59%
DP
  
3.37%
Other
  
2.38%
Bundestag seats
CDU/CSU
  
54.33%
SPD
  
34.00%
FDP
  
8.25%
DP
  
3.42%

Aftermath[edit]

Konrad Adenauer led the CDU-CSU coalition to a landslide victory. The CDU-CSU won an outright majority—to date, the only time a German party has been elected to a majority government in a free election (the CDU and CSU sit as a single bloc in the Bundestag).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Wahl zum 3. Deutschen Bundestag am 15. September 1957" (in German). Bundeswahlleiter. Retrieved 6 May 2012. 
  2. ^ "Voter turnout by election year". Website of the Federal Returning Officer's Office. The Federal Returning Officer. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  3. ^ Erling Bjöl, Grimberg's History of the Nations, volume 23: The Rich West, "A Giant Dwarf: West Germany," Helsinki: WSOY, 1985
  4. ^ Dennis L. Bark and David R. Gress, A History of West Germany, volume 1: 1945–1963: From Shadow to Substance, London, UK: Basil Blackwell, 1989