Giza West Field

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The West Field at Giza

The West Field is located to the west of Khufu’s pyramid. It is divided up into smaller areas such as the cemeteries referred to as the Abu Bakr Excavations (1949-50, 1950-1,1952 and 1953), and several cemeteries named based on the mastaba numbers such as Cemetery G 1000, Cemetery G 1100, etc. The West Field contains Cemetery G1000 – Cemetery G1600, and Cemetery G 1900. Further cemeteries in this field are: Cemeteries G 2000, G 2200, G 2500, G 3000, G 4000, and G 6000. Three other cemeteries are named after their excavators: Junker Cemetery West, Junker Cemetery East and Steindorff Cemetery.[1]

Cemetery G1000[edit]

Tomb number Type Name of owner Title owner Time Period Comments
G 1008 Stone Mastaba Shepseskafankh Strong-of-voice of the judiciary 5th dynasty
G 1011 Stone Mastaba Sedjemu Royal acquaintance, inspector of the strong-of-voice of the treasury, keeper of the storehouse of gold 5th dynasty
G 1012 Stone Mastaba Sedaug Priest of Sahure, priest of Re in the sun-temple of Userkaf, royal acquaintance, etc. 5th to 6th dynasty Several items are now in a museum in Vienna.[2]
G 1018 Stone and rubble Mastaba Tjeset Royal acquaintance
G 1020 Stone Mastaba Messa Late 4th - early 5th dynasty A seated pair statue depicting Messa's son Hetepi and his wife Renpetnefert was found.
G 1021 Stone Mastaba 5th to 6th dynasty
G 1022 Mud-brick mastaba Hetepib Inspector of the wabet Wife: Setepet; Son: Inkaf
G 1026 Stone Mastaba Ma director of royal wab-priests, inspector of palace attendants 5th to 6th dynasty
G 1029 Stone Mastaba Sekhemka priest of Re in the sun-temple of Niuserre, secretary, overseer of the department of palace attendants of the Great House, etc. 5th dynasty (after Neferirkare)
G 1032 Stone and rubble Mastaba Hetepib and his wife Setepet? Inspector of the wabet 6th dynasty Hetepib and Setepet are currently linked to G 1022, but are now thought to belong with G 1032.
G 1033 Mud-brick and rubble mastaba Nikaure Royal acquaintance
G 1036 Stone mastaba Seneb Royal acquaintance Late Dynasty 5 or Dynasty 6
G 1038 Stone and rubble mastaba Kaaper Royal acquaintance, Scribe Wife: Insen
G 1039 Stone mastaba Possibly Mertash Royal acquaintance Late Dynasty 5 or Dynasty 6 Wife Intkaes and son Senenu are subject of a seated family statue.
G 1040 +1041 Double Mastaba Teti Royal acquaintance, inspector of builders Late Dynasty 5 or Dynasty 6
G 1047 Stone mastaba Niankhmin Priest of the pyramid of Menkauhor, priest of the pyramid of Niuserre 6th dynasty
G 1062 Mud-brick mastaba Henenef Goldsmith Late Old Kingdom

Cemetery G 1100[edit]

Tomb number Type Name of owner Title owner Time Period Comments
G 1104 +1105 Double mastaba Sames and Petpennisut Sames: Royal acquaintance, inspector of the boat Late Dynasty 5
G 1109 Mud-brick mastaba Late 4th - early 5th dynasty Family statue of a man and his wife Meretib and daughter Satmeret found in the mastaba
G 1111 Stone mastaba Niankhnemty inspector of officials Dynasty 5 or 6
G 1119 Stone mastaba Limestone offering basin inscribed for Iyankhenef (royal acquaintance, overseer of scribes) and Nefret found in G 1119
G 1123 Rubble built mastaba Tebash overseer of builders Dynasty 6 Wife of Tebash: Merut
G 1151 Stone mastaba Neferqed and his wife Hemetre royal acquaintance of the Great House, inspector of palace attendants of the Great House, priest of Khufu, etc. End of 5th dynasty or later
G 1152 Stone mastaba End of 5th dynasty or later Fragment of limestone lintel inscribed for Nikamin reused as roofing
G 1156 Stone mastaba Ptahhetep Juridical overseer of scribes, judge and administrator, preeminent of place, great one of the tens of Upper Egypt End of 5th dynasty
G 1162 +1172 Double mastaba Teti and his wife Maa overseer of builders, royal acquaintance The mastabas are a mud-brick and rubble construction.
G 1171 Stone mastaba Kaemtjenenet royal wab-priest 5th to 6th dynasty

Cemetery G 1200[edit]

Tomb number Type Name of owner Title owner Time Period Comments
G 1201 Stone-Mastaba Wepemnefret Commander of the king's scribes, great one of the tens of Upper Egypt, king's son, etc. 4th Dynasty (Khufu)
G 1203 Stone-Mastaba Kanefer Overseer of Commissions and Director of Bowmen 4th Dynasty (Khufu)
G 1204 Stone-Mastaba Akhethetep Royal acquaintance, inspector of priests of the pyramid of Khufu, great one of the tens of Upper Egypt Mid 5th Dynasty or later Two wives appear in the tomb: Seshseshet and Khenti. A son named Khufuankh is mentioned.
G 1205 Stone-Mastaba Khufunakht Royal acquaintance 4th Dynasty (Khufu)
G 1206 Stone-Mastaba Ikhetneb Royal acquaintance, inspector of wa’b-priests Mid 5th Dynasty or later A statue of Ikhetneb and his wife is now in the Berkeley Museum
G 1207 Stone-Mastaba Nefer(t) Royal acquaintance 4th Dynasty (Khufu or later)
G 1208 Stone-Mastaba Akhethetep and his wife Meritites Prophet of Khufu, Overseer of the Pyramid of Khufu, Overseer of the expedition, etc. Mid 5th Dynasty or later Meritites II was possibly a daughter of Khufu
G 1213 Stone-Mastaba 5th or 6th Dynasty A servant statue was discovered in the tomb.
G 1214 Stone-Mastaba Katjesu and his wife Itjetka? 5th Dynasty
G 1221 Mud-Brick mastaba Shad Royal acquaintance Probably 5th Dynasty
G 1223 Stone-Mastaba Kaemah King’s son, Overseer of the phylai of Upper Egypt, Greatest of the Ten of Upper Egypt. 4th Dynasty (Time of Khufu) A stela of Kaemah is now in the Berkeley museum
G 1225 Stone-Mastaba Nefertiabet King's daughter Mid 4th Dynasty The mastaba has an annex also dating to the 4th dynasty.
G 1226 5th or 6th Dynasty
G 1227 Stone-Mastaba Setjihekenet Royal acquaintance Mid or late 4th Dynasty A limestone slab stela (Egyptian Museum Cairo JE 37726) was found in the tomb.
G 1228 Stone-Mastaba Late Old Kingdom A Limestone lintel inscribed for Inkaf and Medunefret-hemet was used to construct the roof. Reisner called this tomb G 1227 Annex.
G 1231 5th Dynasty
G 1234 Stone-Mastaba Ankhaf Judge and Boundary official of the Great House, Overseer of tenants of the Great House, Noble of the King. Late 5th or 6th Dynasty Dated by Harpur to the reign of Unis and Teti.
G 1235 Stone-Mastaba Ini Director of cattle-herdsmen and the pastures. 4th Dynasty (time of Khufu)

Cemetery G 1400[edit]

Tomb number Type Name of owner Title owner Time Period Comments
G 1402 Rubble-built mastaba Sabu Overseer of the craftsmen of weaving 5th dynasty
G 1408 +1409 Stone and brick mastaba Ish[…] Royal acquaintance, sem-priest, etc. 5th dynasty Mentioned on a false door with his wife Khentkaus
G 1452 +1453 Mud brick mastaba Djedwai and Kaninisut' Djedwai: royal acquaintance, priest of Khufu, etc.
Kaninisut: royal acquaintance
5th dynasty or later
G 1457 Mud brick mastaba Nisutnefret Secretary of the king, director of royal wab-priests, overseer of the pyramid of Khufu, etc. 5th dynasty Nisutnefret's wife Peretim is mentioned on the false door.

Cemetery G 1500[edit]

Tomb number Type Name of owner Title owner Time Period Comments
G 1501 Stone mastaba Irankhptah Steward 5th dynasty

Cemetery G 1600[edit]

Tomb number Type Name of owner Title owner Time Period Comments
G 1607 Rock-cut tomb Ian Overseer of the house of weavers of the royal children Late 4th dynasty
G 1608 Rock-cut tomb Senenu Inspector of ka-priests Late 4th dynasty
G 1636 Rubble built mastaba Merernisut Ship's carpenter, elder of the dockyard
G 1673 Stone mastaba Qednes Elder of the judicial court of the pyramid of Khufu, secretary of judgements Late 5th or 6th dynasty Qednes' wife: Niankhhathor

Cemetery G 2100[edit]

Cemetery G 2100 was first excavated by Lepsius in 1842. The first tomb to be cleared was the mastaba owned by Merib (G 2100). In 1905/6 the Harvard-Boston Museum expedition excavated this cemetery and further excavations date to 1912-13 and 1931-32. The cemetery consists of four rows of large mastabas:

  • The western most row consists of the mastabas of Merib (G 2100 I), Sedit (G 2100) and Nefer (G 2110).
  • A second row consists of the mastabas of Seshatsekhentiu (G 2120), Khentka (G 2130).
  • The third row consists of mastabas G 2135 (Unknown), G 2140 (Unknown) and G 2150 (Kanefer)
  • The fourth row consists of the mastabas of Kaninisut I (G 2155) and G 2160 and G 2170 (both owners unknown)

The other smaller mastabas were built among these larger structures. The presence of Reserve heads and slab stela points to the reign of Khufu for the construction of the earliest of the tombs in this cemetery.[3]

Tomb number Type Name of owner Title owner Time Period Comments
G 2100 Stone mastaba Princess Sedit king's daughter of his body, priestess of Neith north of her wall 4th dynasty Mother of Merib (G 2100 I)
G 2100 I Stone mastaba Prince Merib Kapunisut king's son of his body, companion, overseer of royal works, etc. 4th-5th dynasty Son of Sedit. Merib's sons: Khufumernetjeru, Merib-nedjes; Daughters: Nensedjerkai I, Sednet
G 2100 II Stone mastaba Nensedjerkai I king's daughter, royal ornament, priestess of Hathor, priestess of Khufu 4th-5th dynasty Daughter of Merib (G 2100 I)
G 2110 Stone mastaba Nefer chief of the estate, overseer of scribes of the portfolios of the king, secretary of the king in all places, etc. 4th dynasty A Reserve head of Nefer was found in the tomb.
G 2120 Stone mastaba Seshatsekhentiu lector priest, etc. 4th dynasty
G 2130 Stone mastaba Khentka king's son (of his body), (sole) companion 4th dynasty
G 2132 Stone and brick mastaba Senwehem royal wab-priest, ka-priest 6th dynasty
G 2135 Stone Unknown 4th dynasty
G 2135a Stone mastaba Qedfy royal acquaintance, overseer of ka-priests 5th dynasty or later
G 2136 Stone mastaba Kahif royal wab-priest, inspector of palace attendants 6th dynasty
G 2136a Stone mastaba Djednefret secretary Late 6th dynasty Eldest son of Kahif (G 2136)
G 2136b Stone mastaba Nimaatre overseer of commissions of the Great House Late Old Kingdom
G 2138 Stone mastaba Sernefermerer(?) palace attendant of the Great House, secretary of his lord
G 2140 Stone mastaba Unknown 4th dynasty
G 2150 Stone mastaba Kanefer Overseer of commissions, director of the palace, etc. 5th dynasty
G 2151 Stone and brick mastaba Ptahwer Royal acquaintance, overseer of ka-priests
G 2155 Stone mastaba Kaninisut I 5th dynasty
G 2156' Stone mastaba Redines 6th dynasty
G 2156 Stone mastaba Kaninisut II Great one of the tens of Upper Egypt, priest of Maat, secretary of his lord, priest of Khufu 5th dynasty Son of Kaninisut I (owner of G 2155)
G 2156a Stone mastaba Kaninisut III royal acquaintance 5th dynasty Son of Kaninisut II; Probably father of Irienre.
G 2156b Stone mastaba Irienre and Akhemre Irienre: inspector of priests, overseer of ka-priests 5th-6th dynasty Akhemre is a son of Irienre.
G 2156c Stone mastaba Irienre and Akhemre 5th-6th dynasty
G 2160 Stone mastaba Unknown 4th dynasty
G 2170 Stone mastaba Unknown 4th dynasty
G 2172 Stone and rubble mastaba Ip royal wab-priest
G 2175 Stone mastaba Nedju and Khnumnefer Nedju: royal acquaintance, royal wab-priest
Khnumnefer: royal wab-priest
Beginning of 5th dynasty
G 2184 Stone mastaba Akhmerutnisut Overseer of the department of palace attendants of the Great House 5th dynasty
G 2185 Stone and brick mastaba Nefersehefen 5th-6th dynasty
G 2191 Stone mastaba Khnemu master butcher of the Great House, etc. 5th dynasty
G 2192 Stone mastaba Inenka major-domo of the Great House
G 2196 Stone mastaba Iasen overseer of six palace attendants of the Great House, priest of Khufu, etc. 5th-6th dynasty
G 2197 Stone mastaba Penmeru royal wab-priest, priest of Menkaure, director of the dining hall, etc. end of 5th dynasty

Cemetery G 2300[edit]

The family complex of Senedjemib Inti makes up an important part of this cemetery. Senedjemib Inti (G 2370) was vizier and chief architect to King Djedkare Isesi. His son Senedjemib Mehi (G 2378) followed in his footsteps as the vizier and chief architect under Unas, and eventually another son named Khnumenti (G 2374) became vizier under Teti. A man named Mer-ptah-ankh-meryre Nekhebu (G 2381) may be a grandson of Inti. Nekhebu's sons Mer-ptah-ankh-meryre Ptahshepses Impy and Sabu-ptah Ibebi were buried in this cemetery as well.[4]

Tomb number Name of owner Title owner Time Period Comments
G 2335 Shepsi 5th dynasty ? A wooden coffin inscribed for Shepsi was found in the burial chamber.
G 2336 Khuptah Steward 5th - 6th dynasty ?
G 2337 X Djaty Steward, his estate servant (with reference to the vizier Senedjemib), etc. 6th dynasty Son of Teti(a steward) and Shafet
G 2352 Hagy End of dynasty 5 or later
G 2353 Herunefer Dyn. 5
G 2360 Sekhemka
G 2361 Maa Overseer of barbers. Dyn. 6
G 2362 Rudj Supervisor of ka-servants, Scribe of a phyle, Judge and Overseer of scribes Dyn. 6
G 2364 Senedjemib Inti A king’s scribe and priest Dyn 5, Time of Djedkare Isesi - Unis? May have served his more famous namesake buried in G2370.
G 2366 'Nimesti' Steward, overseer of clothing distribution, etc. Dynasty 6 ?

Wife: Kamerites, a priestess of Neith and Hathor. Sons: Irenakhty and Neferkhent

G 2370 Senedjemib Inti Chief justice and vizier, etc. Dynasty 5, Time of Djedkare Isesi Wife: Tjefi; Sons: Senedjemib, Ny-ankh-menu, Fetek[ti], Senedjemib Mehi, Khnumenti
G 2374 Khnumenti Chief justice and vizier, etc. Dynasty 6, Time of Teti Son of Senedjemib Inti, He appears to have carried on his father’s duties under Teti.
G 2375 Akhetmehu Judge and Elder of the Hall, Overseer of the House of Weapons. Temp. Merenre I or Pepy II Or possibly an older mastaba belonging to a man who had no apparent connection with the Senedjemib family
G 2375a. Ankhirptah Judge and Keeper of Nekhen. Late Dyn. 6
G 2378 Senedjemib Mehi Chief justice and vizier, etc. Time of Unis Son of Senedjemib Inti ( G 2370) Wife: Khentkaues (the king’s daughter of his body), Priestess of Hathor; Daughter: Khentkaues. Sons: Senedjemib and Mehi; Later two additions to the mastaba of Mehi (G 2376 and G 2377 ) were built on the west and closed off all access to Akhetmehu’s chapel. G 2376 a was found open and empty, but G 2377 a contained the skeleton of an adult female.
G 2381 A Ptahshepses
also called
Merptah-Ankhmeryre and Impy
Time of Pepi II Son of Nekhebu (G 2382)
G 2381 C Sabu-ptah Ibebi Possibly time of Pepi II The burial shaft containing the burial of Impy’s brother (another son of Nekhebu).
G 2382 A Nekhebu
also called
Merptah-Ankhmeryre
King’s Architect and Builder in the Two Houses, Overseer of all the Works of the King, etc. Time of Pepi I Possibly Inti’s grandson?
G 2384 Senedjemib This mastaba may well have belonged to the elder son of Senedjemib Mehi, likewise named Senedjemib, who is depicted in his father’s mastaba.
G 2387 Pepy-Meryptah-ankh Middle Dyn. 6 Possibly son of Khnementi (tomb G 2374).
G 2391 Irenakhet Iri Dynasty 6 Also known as the tomb of funerary priests of Senedjemib family.

Cemetery G 4000[edit]

Tomb number Type Name of owner Title owner Time Period Comments
G 4000 Stone mastaba Prince Hemiunu King’s son of his body, Chief Justice and Vizier, etc. 4th dynasty (Khufu) Son of Prince Nefermaat and his wife Itet
G 4121 Stone mastaba Ankhmare Inspector of scribes of the royal documents of the granary. 5th - 6th dynasty Possibly had son named Kawab.
G 4140 Stone mastaba Princess Meritites King's daughter of his body Middle or late Dynasty 4 Burial chamber had reserve head.
G 4150 Stone mastaba Prince Iunu King’s son, Overseer of the phylai of Upper Egypt, Greatest of the Ten of Upper Egypt. 4th dynasty (Khufu) Slab stela shows king's son Iunu.
G 4160 Stone mastaba Unknown Time of Khufu Burial chamber contained a Reserve head.
G 4240 Stone mastaba Prince Sneferuseneb King's son of his body, sem-priest, Boundary official of Dep, etc. Middle Dyn. 4-5 Burial chamber contained a Reserve head.
G 4241 Stone mastaba Rahotep Judge and administrator, preeminent of place, priest of Maat, overseer of scribes Early 5th dynasty
G 4311 Stone mastaba Neferherenptah Judge and Elder of the Hall. 5th dynasty Son of Tjenti and Tjentet.
G 4312 Stone mastaba Neferseshemka Priest of Khufu in all his places, royal acquaintance
G 4340 Stone mastaba 'Anonymous Middle or late Dynasty 4 Reserve head shows a face different from Sneferuw-seneb, but similar to heads found by Junker.
G 4351 Stone mastaba Imsetka Overseer of the department of tenants of the Great House, Overseer of the Two Houses of Weapons, Prophet of Khufu, etc. 1st Intermediate Period Wife: Khuitbauinu (?), Prophetess of Hathor Mistress-of-the-Sycamore in all her places, etc.
G 4360 Stone mastaba Mery-hetepef Judge and Boundary official Late 4th, early 5th dynasty
G 4410 Stone mastaba Nishepsesnisut? ka-priest, overseer of linen, etc. Dyn 5-6 A statue of Nishepsesnesut was found and he may be the owner of the tomb. Further statue of Isesi-ankh found in tomb.
G 4411 (LG 51) Stone mastaba Sekhemka Lector-priest, ma-priest of Anubis, Prophet of Horus qmA-a, etc. Mid Dyn 5 or later. Son: Min-khaf
G 4420 Stone mastaba Tetu 5th-6th dynasty Son: Nefer-seshemka (G 4422)
G 4422 Stone mastaba Neferseshemka royal acquaintance, under-supervisor of the inspectors of the library of the king's administrators, etc. 5th-6th dynasty Son of Tetu (G 4420)
G 4440 Stone mastaba Unknown Mid 4th to early 5th dynasty Reserve heads of a man and his wife. Possibly a brother of Prince Sneferu-seneb.
G 4442 Stone mastaba Nebnefretptah Mehi Steward, overseer of all royal works, Scribe of the granary, and the Treasury, Dyn. 6 or later.
G 4461 Stone mastaba Kapuptah Royal acquaintance of the Great House 5th dynasty Wife: Ipep; Sealing with Horus-name of Niuserre.
G 4513 Stone mastaba Neferihy Great one of the tens of Upper Egypt, preeminent of place, director of scribes connected with the moon, overseer of the pyramids of Khafre and Menkaure, etc. 6th dynasty
G 4520 Stone mastaba Khufuankh Tenant of the Great House, Overseer of singers of the Great House, Overseer of flutists, etc. Dynasty 5 (Userkaf) Parents: Iaunesut and Iupu both Tenants, Wife: Defat-ka, Priestess of Hathor and Priestess of Neith. Son: Mankaura-ankh Daughter: Meritites
G 4521 Stone mastaba Nishepsesnisut manicurist
G 4522 Stone mastaba Kap? He who is in charge of the sealed goods of the Great House, palace attendant Late Dynasty 5
G 4540 Stone mastaba Anonymous Middle or late Dynasty 4 Portrait head of a woman.
G 4561 Stone mastaba Kaemankh Inspector of administrators of the treasury, inspector of priests, secretary of the king's treasure, etc. Dyn. 6 (likely Djedkare Isesi) Wife: Tjeset; Son: Khuwiwer; Daughter: Akh, Senedjemef
G 4611 (=LG 50) Stone mastaba Niuty Secretary of the Toilet-house, Keeper of oils of the Great House, Boundary official of (the district) ‘Star of Horus Foremost of Heaven’, etc. End of Dyn. 5 or later.
G 4620 Stone mastaba Kanefer royal document scribe Dyn. 5
G 4630 Stone mastaba Medunefer Chief lector-priest, Scribe of divine books, sma-priest of Anubis, etc. Dyn. 5 Wife: Nebuka and Tjentet; Sons: Seneb, Kairef, Ankhires and Dedef?. Grandson: Medunefer (son of Ankhires)
G 4631 Stone mastaba Nensedjerkai King’s acquaintance, Priestess of Hathor, Priestess of Neith Dyn 5.
G 4640 Stone mastaba Anonymous Middle or late Dynasty 4 Reserve head found in tomb.
G 4646 Stone mastaba Ity Overseer of the department of tenants of the Great House, Companion of the house, etc. Late Dyn. 6
G 4650 Stone mastaba Princess Iabtet King's daughter of his body, his beloved Middle or late Dyn. 4 Kapunisut Kai (G 4651 and G 1741) and his family are mentioned in tomb.
G 4651 Stone mastaba Kapunesut Kai Overseer of ka-servants, Overseer of the houses of the King's children, Judge and Scribe of the crews, etc. Early to middle Dyn. 5 Wife: Wehetka; Sons: Hesyre, Tjenti and Nisukhu; Daughters: Hepmaat, Neferi, and Nefretankh.
G 4710 (LG 49) Stone mastaba Setju Director of the Palace, Secretary of the Toilet-house, Master of the largesse in the Mansion of Life, etc. 5th dynasty (Possibly Djedkare Isesi) Wife: Nebuhetep; Son: Setju, Daughter: Ptahhepka
G 4712 Stone mastaba Queen Nimaathap Seer of Horus and Seth, great one of the hetes-scepter 5th dynasty Her titles indicate she was a queen, but her husband is not known.[5]
G 4714 (LG 48) Stone mastaba Princess Neferhetepes King's daughter of his body 5th dynasty
G 4750 Stone mastaba Akhi Overseer of all works of the King, Overseer of the Two Treasuries, Overseer of the royal granaries, etc. 4th dynasty (Menkaure)
G 4761 Stone mastaba Nefer I Prophet of Horus mDdw (Khufu), steward, overseer of ka-priests, etc. End of Dyn. 5 or Dyn 6 Parents (probably), Kakhent and Thetit; Wife, Hetepmaet; Son: Setka
G 4811 + 4812 Stone mastaba Irankhptah Overseer of the wabt, Overseer of craftsmen of the Great House, Overseer of works of the King Late Dyn. 5 or Dyn 6
G 4840 Stone mastaba Princess Wenshet King’s daughter of his body, Prophetess of Neith North-of-the-Wall and of Hathor Mistress-of-the-Sycamore. Middle or late Dyn.4 Daughters: Thenteti and Wehemnefert
G 4911 Rubble mastaba Ankhtef oyal acquaintance, royal wab-priest, priest of Khufu 5th-6th dynasty
G 4920 (LG 47) Stone mastaba Tjenty Director of the Palace, Secretary of the Toilet-house, Chief of bat, etc. Early Dyn. 5 or later.
G 4940 (LG 45) Stone mastaba Seshemnefer I Royal chamberlain, One belonging to the estate ‘Mansion of Har-kheper Prophet of Heket, Judge and Boundary official, etc. Time of Userkaf–Neferirkare Wife, Amendjefas; Children: Pehenptah (tomb G 5280) and Raawer (tomb, probably, G 5270)
G4941 Stone mastaba Ptahiufni Tenant of the Pyramid of Pepy I, Carpenter of the Great Dockyard, Honoured by Hardjedef, etc. Dyn. 6
G4970 Stone mastaba Nesutnefer Overseer of strongholds of the Heliopolitan-East nome, Leader of the land of the Thinite and Aphroditopolite nomes, Prophet of the statue (of Khephren), etc. Early or middle Dyn. 5 Wife: Khentetka called Khent; Sons: Kawedj'ankh and Rudju

Cemetery G 5000[edit]

Tomb number Type Name of owner Title owner Time Period Comments
G 5030 (LG 46) Stone-Mastaba Late 4th or 5th dynasty
G 5032 Stone-Mastaba Redines and his wife Meritites King’s wab-priest, Scribe. 6th dynasty
G 5040 Stone-Mastaba Kaemqed King’s wab-priest, etc. Late 5th or 6th dynasty
G 5080 (= G2200) Stone-Mastaba Seshemnefer II Overseer of scribes of the royal documents, Overseer of all works of the King, etc. 5th dynasty
G 5110 (LG 44) Stone-Mastaba Duaenre Vizier 4th dynasty (Khafre to Menkaure) Son of Pharaoh Khafre
G 5150 (LG 36) Stone-Mastaba Seshat-hetep called Heti and his wife Meritites King's son of his body, Overseer of all works of the King, Greatest of the Ten of Upper Egypt, etc. Early 5th dynasty
G 5170 Stone-Mastaba Seshemnefer III King’s son of his body, Chief Justice and Vizier, etc. 5th Dynastie (Isesi) Son of Seshemnefer (II) and Henutsen (tomb G 5080).
G 5210 (LG 43) Stone-Mastaba Khemten Steward who served Prince Kawab, Princess (Queen) Hetepheres II, and Queen Meresankh III, and perhaps Prince Duaenre. 4th dynasty (Khufu and later)
G 5230 (LG 40) Stone-Mastaba 'Babaef Vizier Late 4th and early 5th dynasty Son of Duaenre
G 5270 Stone-Mastaba Rawer Scribe of the royal documents, etc. Mid 5th dynasty
G 5280 Stone-Mastaba Pehenptah Scribe of the royal documents, etc. Mid 5th dynasty Probably son of Seshemnefer [I] and Amendjefas (tomb G 4940).
G 5290 Stone-Mastaba Hetepniptah Mid 5th dynasty or later
G 5330 (LG 41) Stone-Mastaba Ihy Overseer of the Great Court, Overseer of commissions in the whole country, etc. 6th dynasty
G 5332 (LG 39) Stone-Mastaba 5th or 6th dynasty
G 5340 (LG 37) Stone-Mastaba Kasewedja Overseer of commissions, Director of interpreters, Herdsman of the White Bull, etc. Mid 5th dynasty Possibly a son of Kanufer and Shepsetkau (tomb G 2150).
G 5350 Stone-Mastaba 5th or 6th dynasty
G 5370 (LG 31) Stone-Mastaba Djaty Greatest of the Ten of Upper Egypt, Overseer of all works of the King. 5th dynasty (Neferirkare or later)
G 5470 (LG 32) Stone-Mastaba Rawer II Judge and Boundary official, Secretary of the secret judgement of the Great Court, etc. Late 5th dynasty
G 5480 (LG 29) Stone-Mastaba Heti Judge and Overseer of scribes, etc. Late 5th or 6th dynasty
G 5482 Stone-Mastaba 5th or 6th dynasty
G 5520(LG 28) Stone-Mastaba Seankhenptah Late 5th or 6th dynasty
G 5550 Stone-Mastaba Nefer called Idu and his wife Hemetre Chief Justice and Vizier, etc. Early 6th dynasty
G 5560 (LG 35) Stone-Mastaba Kakherptah called Fetekta Overseer of the Memphite and Letopolite nomes, etc. Early 6th dynasty

Junker Cemetery East[edit]

This cemetery was excavated by Hermann Junker for the Akademie der Wissenschaften in Vienna, Pelizaeus-Museum Hildesheim and University of Leipzig Expedition.[1] The toms are not numbered and are named after their owner.

Name of owner Title owner Time Period Comments
Niankh-hathor Prophetess of Hathor Mistress-of-the-Deserts Late Old Kingdom. The tomb may belong to her son Ineb, who was an inspector of carpenters of the palace
Sensen and his wife Pepi Overseer of the is-chamber Late Old Kingdom. Pepi was a Prophetess of Hathor
Meruka and his wife Nedjetempet Elder of the Hall, King’s wab-priest, Prophet of Khufu, etc. 6th dynasty Mereruka’s father Kakherptah is also mentioned. He also holds the title Elder of the Hall. Two sons named Ihiemsaf and Ptahshepses are mentioned in a scene on the wall of the tomb.
Iuf and his wife Meri Director of tomb-makers 5th or 6th dynasty A double-statue of Iuf and his wife was discovered in the serdab. It is now in the Cairo Museum (Cairo JE 49691).
Nikaukhnum and Neferesris Royal acquaintance 5th or 6th dynasty
Khenu 6th dynasty Appears on the lintel with four children: his sons Mereri, Bebi and Nekhef, and a daughter Hemi.
Ibinedjem palace attendant 6th dynasty An offering basin (Hildesheim 3043) inscribed for Ibinedjem was found in the mastabas. An uninscribed statue found in the tomb may also belong to him.
Khuy Overseer of palace attendants of the Great House 6th dynasty
Neferen Overseer of corn-measurers, of the store-room, and of female weavers, etc. 6th dynasty His name is found on the chapel entrance lintel (Hildesheim 5) and a false door (Leipzig 3135).
Weri Inspector of the ka-priests, One belonging to the Great Estate, Scribe of the Treasury 6th dynasty Probably the son of Nefer I (owner of G 4761)
Khnemu and his wife Hathorwer ka-priest, One belonging to the Great Estate. 6th dynasty Sons named Ihyemsaf, Neferhau, Khufunefer, Neferwednet and daughters Iyti and Khuitenhor are named in a chapel relief.
User Overseer of ka-priests, etc. late 5th dynasty Son of a woman named Henutsen who is mentioned on the chapel entrance lintel.
Shepsi and his wife Neferwates Inspector of builders 6th dynasty The false door mentions two sons named Werkaptah and Suk and three daughters named Kaemmerut, Djefaibka and Hui respectively.
Hesy and his wife Nebtip Director of embalmers of the Great House, Prophet of Duamutef 6th dynasty
Maathep ? 6th dynasty An offering table of Maathep was found near the false door. She may be the wife of the actual owner of the tomb.
Neferihi ka-priest. 6th dynasty

Steindorff Cemetery[edit]

This cemetery contains mostly brick-built mastabas. The cemetery was excavated by Georg Steindorff for the University of Leipzig and Pelizaeus Expedition (1903-7). Several of the tombs were later excavated by Hermann Junker. [1]

Tomb number Type Name of owner Title owner Time Period Comments
D 1 Mud-brick mastaba Unknown 5th or 6th dynasty
D 4 Stone-built mastaba Washptah and his wife Khenu Inspector of prophets of Hathor 5th or 6th dynasty
D 9 Stone-built mastaba Rahotep ? 5th or 6th dynasty The name of the Rahotep was found on an offering table
D 12 Stone-built mastaba complex Kherhat and his wife Rudjka 5th dynasty A statue-group showing Kheriket with wife and daughters Senitites and Hehi was found. A son is also shown but the name is not legible. Now in the Hildesheim Museum
D 14 Stone-built mastaba Irkaptah Overseer of the Great Estate, 5th or 6th dynasty Name found on a lintel.
D 15 Stone-built mastaba Khufu[..] ? King's wab-priest 5th or 6th dynasty Name found on a drum.
D 15B Mud-brick mastaba Mereru Overseer of the House of weaving women 5th or 6th dynasty
D 19 Mud-brick mastaba Werbaure Overseer of commissions of palace attendants of the Great House 5th or 6th dynasty A lintel from this tomb is now in the Hildesheim Museum.
D 20 Stone+Brick-built mastaba Tepemankh Royal acquaintance, overseer of the department of palace attendants of the Great House 5th or 6th dynasty
D 23 Stone+Brick-built mastaba Pepi 5th dynasty A statue-group was found depicting Pepi and two men called Rashepses. It is not known if these men depict a husband and a son, two sons, or even one son at different ages. The statue is now in the Hildesheim Museum ((Hildesheim 17).
D 29 Stone+Brick-built mastaba Unknown 5th or 6th dynasty A statuette of a woman grinding corn was found in the tomb. It is presently in the Leipzig Museum (Inv. 2567).
D 30 Mud-brick mastaba Kau Royal wab-priest, priest of Khufu, inspector of ka-priests, carpenter of the palace 5th or 6th dynasty
D 32+32A Stone-built mastaba Memi and Neferherenptah Both King's wab-priest 5th dynasty A seated statue inscribed for Memi was found (Leipzig 2560)as well as a limestone standing statue (Hildesheim 2). The name of Neferherenptah is found on the south chapel entrance lintel, a drum lintel, and doorjambs.
D 37 Stone-built mastaba Raherka and his wife Meresankh Inspector of scribes, Judge and Overseer of scribes 4th or 5th dynasty The double statue of Raherka and Meresankh probably comes from this tomb.
D 38 (G 2230) Stone-built mastaba Unknown 4th or 5th dynasty A reserve head now in the Cairo Museum (JE 47838) probably comes from this tomb.
D 39/40 Stone-built mastaba Djasha royal wab-priest, priest of the king's mother 5th dynasty The tomb contained three seated statues (Leipzig 2561, Cairo JE 37820, Cairo JE 37825) inscribed for Djasha. One of the statues (Leipzig 2561 identifies Djasha as the priest of the king's mother).
D 42 Mud-brick mastaba Iyni Royal acquaintance. 5th or 6th dynasty
D 51 Stone+Brick-built mastaba Nimaatptah and his wife Intkaes Royal acquaintance, inspector of ka-priests, overseer of the ten of the Great Estate 5th or 6th dynasty
D 59 Stone+Brick-built mastaba Nesutnefer and his wife Senet ka-priest 5th or 6th dynasty
D 61 Stone-built mastaba Irkaptah and his wife Neferhetepes Inspector of the wabet of the necropolis 5th or 6th dynasty A limestone standing statue (Hildesheim 417) inscribed for Irkaptah was found in the tomb.
D 80 + 80A Stone-built mastaba complex Sebehnef Royal acquaintance, inspector of craftsmen 5th or 6th dynasty A limestone seated statue (Hildesheim 419) inscribed for Sebehnef was found in the serdab. A statue of the royal acquaintance Tjentet may depict his wife. A limestone standing statue (Hildesheim 420) depicting a man named Maatre may be Sebehnef's son.
D 82 + 82A Stone-built mastaba Ihy Judge and Inspector of tenants of the Great House 5th or 6th dynasty
D 116 Stone-built mastaba Seshemu and his wife Nefret Overseer of the crew of rowers 5th or 6th dynasty
D 117 Stone-built mastaba Wehemka and his wife Hetepibes Ipi royal acquaintance, scribe of the library, scribe of recruits, steward Early 5th dynasty Son of Iti and Djefatsen, who are depicted in the tomb. Wehemka also appears in a chapel relief in the tomb of Kaninisut I (G 2155)
D 200 Stone-built mastaba Redief Inspector of grain measurers of the estates 6th dynasty
D 201 Stone+Brick-built mastaba Ankhemtjenenet called Ineb and his wife Khenit Juridical inspector of scribes, secretary of judgements 5th or 6th dynasty Ankhemtjenenet was the son of Senenu (G 2032)
D 202 Stone-built mastaba Niankh-Khufu ? 5th or 6th dynasty Niankh-Khufu's name appears on a lintel.
D 203 Stone-built mastaba Nefer and Itisen Nefer: Overseer of barbers
Itisen: Overseer of the tjaw of the Great Bark
5th or 6th dynasty The names of nefer and Itisen were found on a false door.
D 205 Mud-brick mastaba Iyni and his wife Neferkaus 5th or 6th dynasty A standing pair statue (Cairo JE 36271) inscribed for Iyni and Neferkaus was found between D 204 and 205.
D 207 Mud-brick mastaba Tjy and his wife Intkaes Royal acquaintance, inspector of craftsmen, overseer of craftsmen of the is-chamber of the wabet 5th or 6th dynasty Intkaes was a priestess of Hathor and a priestess of Neith.
D 208 Mud-brick mastaba Neferihy Royal acquaintance, overseer of messengers (?) of the tomb-makers, overseer of tomb-makers 5th or 6th dynasty Neferihy's son Kai is mention on a drum.
D 211 Stone-built mastaba Hetepi King’s wab-priest. 6th dynasty A wooden seated statue (Hildesheim 1572) of Hetepi was found in the burial chamber of shaft 5.
D 213 Stone-built mastaba Ruwedjib and his wife Tjentet Prophet of Khufu, King’s wab-priest 5th or 6th dynasty
D 215 Mud-brick mastaba Imhotep and his wife Ankh-hathor Royal acquaintance, royal assistant leather-worker 5th or 6th dynasty A limestone pair statue (Hildesheim 1) of Imhetep and his wife Ankhhathor was found in the serdab of the tomb.
D 220 Stone-built mastaba Tjesi and his wife Mehibhathor Royal acquaintance, overseer of craftsmen 5th or 6th dynasty
D 221 Iteti 5th or 6th dynasty The exact location of the tomb is not known.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Porter, Bertha and Moss, Rosalind, Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Statues, Reliefs and Paintings Volume III: Memphis, Part I Abu Rawash to Abusir. 2nd edition (revised and augmented by Dr Jaromir Malek, 1974. Retrieved from gizapyramids.org
  2. ^ Junker, Giza IX, S. 107-118
  3. ^ Manuelian, Peter Der. "A Re-examination of Reisner's Nucleus Cemetery Concept at Giza. Preliminary Remarks on Cemetery G 2100." In Miroslav Bárta, ed. The Old Kingdom Art and Archaeology. Proceedings of the Conference held in Prague, May 31-June 4, 2004. Prague: Czech Institute of Egyptology, 2006, passim, figs. 1-2.
  4. ^ Edward Brovarski, Giza Mastabas Vol. 7: The Senedjemib Complex, Part 1, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 2000, ISBN 0-87846-479-4
  5. ^ Jánosi, Peter. "G 4712 - Ein Datierungsproblem." Göttinger Miszellen 133 (1993), pp. 53-65.