Gräfenhainichen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gräfenhainichen
Church Sankt Marien
Church Sankt Marien
Coat of arms of Gräfenhainichen
Coat of arms
Gräfenhainichen   is located in Germany
Gräfenhainichen
Gräfenhainichen
Coordinates: 51°43′N 12°26′E / 51.717°N 12.433°E / 51.717; 12.433Coordinates: 51°43′N 12°26′E / 51.717°N 12.433°E / 51.717; 12.433
Country Germany
State Saxony-Anhalt
District Wittenberg
Government
 • Mayor Harry Rußbült (Left)
Area
 • Total 158.90 km2 (61.35 sq mi)
Elevation 90 m (300 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 12,528
 • Density 79/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 06773
Dialling codes 034953
Vehicle registration WB, GHC, JE
Website www.graefenhainichen.de

About this sound Gräfenhainichen  is a town in Wittenberg district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.

Location[edit]

The town was the seat of the offices of the administrative community (Verwaltungsgemeinschaft) of Tor zur Dübener Heide until it was disbanded in January 2011. It lies about 25 km southwest of Lutherstadt Wittenberg, southeast of Dessau and northeast of Bitterfeld on the edge of the Düben Heath.

Nearby lies the Gremminer See, a lake created as a result of the redevelopment of the former brown coal strip mine of Golpa-Nord, and on whose shore is found the Ferropolis ("Iron Town") industrial memorial, actually a museum dedicated to "industrial culture".

History[edit]

Gräfenhainichen had its first documentary mention in 1254. In 1454, Gräfenhainichen had its town rights reconfirmed after the old documents by which these were granted had been destroyed in a fire. In 1637, during the Thirty Years' War, the town was almost utterly destroyed by the Swedes. The year 1859 saw the dedication of the new railway line between Wittenberg and Bitterfeld. The town's advantageous location allowed industry to move into town. The first printing shop was set up in 1874; until 1990, there were still as many as four printing shops in Gräfenhainichen. By 1890, brown coal was being mined in Gräfenhainichen, first underground, and then in strip mines. In 1954, at which time the town was in East Germany, Gräfenhainichen became a district seat (Kreisstadt) for three towns and 27 communities. This lasted until 1994, four years after Reunification.

Coat of arms[edit]

The town's current civic arms were granted on 17 December 1993. The town's oldest known seal dates from 1477, and the current arms are based on this. The tower stands for the old fortified city and the inescutcheon with the lion rampant, being Meißen's arms, recalls that in 1377 the Counts of Meißen became the local overlords. Until 1993, Gräfenhainichen's coat of arms was of a similar design, but with the heraldic elements arranged slightly differently, and with different colours. The old arms were predominantly red.[1]

Town partnerships[edit]

Gräfenhainichen maintains partnerships with the following towns:

Transportation[edit]

Gräfenhainichen lies on the Bundesstraße federal highway, B 107, running from Bad Düben to Coswig, on the B 100 from Wittenberg to Bitterfeld, and on the Landesstraße (state road) L136 to Zschornewitz.

The Dessau-Ost interchange with the A9 autobahn (Munich - Berlin) is about 17 km away.

Gräfenhainichen's railway station lies on the Deutsche Bahn line between Wittenberg and Bitterfeld.

Personalities[edit]

Clubs[edit]

  • Anglerverein Gräfenhainichen e.V. von 1959 (angling club)
  • dashrecords e.V.
  • Deutscher Amateur-Radio-Club e.V.
  • Ferropolis Bergbau- u. Erlebnisbahn e.V Gräfenhainichen (Ferropolis Mining and Adventure Railway)
  • Ferropolis-Schule Gräfenhainichen Förderverein e.V. (Ferropolis School of Gräfenhainichen Development Club)
  • Gräfenhainicher Carneval Club e.V. von 1973

References[edit]

This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]