Graduate Theological Union
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|Graduate Theological Union at Berkeley|
|Motto||Where religion meets the world|
|Affiliation||University of California Berkeley|
|Location||Berkeley, California, United States|
The Graduate Theological Union (GTU) is a consortium of eight independent American theological schools and eleven centers and affiliates. Seven of the theological schools are located in Berkeley, California. The GTU was founded in 1962 and is affiliated with the University of California, Berkeley, with students from both institutions enjoying privileges accorded to their own students. Additionally, some of the GTU consortial schools are part of other California universities such as Santa Clara University (Jesuit School of Theology) and California Lutheran University (Pacific Lutheran Theological Seminary). Most of the GTU consortial schools are located in Berkeley around the University of California, Berkeley campus, with the majority north of the campus in a neighborhood known as "Holy Hill."
- 1 History and Administration
- 2 Academics
- 3 Constituting schools
- 4 Research centers
- 5 Library
- 6 Ranking
- 7 Notable alumni
- 8 Notable graduates of GTU member schools
- 9 Notable Faculty
- 10 References
- 11 External links
History and Administration
Many of the GTU's constituent seminaries have been established at various locations throughout the Bay Area in the early 20th or even the late 19th centuries. Due to the foundation of the University of California, several of them relocated to Berkeley and established cooperative relationships with the University. In the wake of the formation of the World Council of Churches and the Second Vatican Council, Bay Area seminaries began negotiations to form a cooperative degree program. In 1962, agreement between the Berkeley Baptist Divinity School (now the American Baptist Seminary of the West), Church Divinity School of the Pacific, Pacific Lutheran Theological Seminary and San Francisco Theological Seminary enabled for the incorporation of the Graduate Theological Union in 1962. In 1964, the Pacific School of Religion, St. Albert's College (now the Dominican School of Philosophy and Theology and Starr King School for the Ministry joined the GTU consortium. In 1966, Alma College relocated to Berkeley and was renamed the Jesuit School of Theology at Berkeley. In 1968, the Franciscan School of Theology moved to Berkeley from Santa Barbara and joined the GTU consortium, although in 2013 it merged with the University of San Diego, leaving the consortium and relocating to Oceanside, California . By 1971, the GTU was fully accredited by the Association of Theological Schools.
In 1969, the GTU common library was established and the individual libraries of the seminaries were merged into one collection. In the 1970s, construction began on a Louis I. Kahn-designed building to house the GTU library. The main library building was completed in 1987 and was named the Flora Lamson Hewlett Library in honor of the Hewlett Foundation.
Presidents of the GTU
- John Dillenberger (1967-1971)
- Claude Welch (1971-1982)
- Michael Blecker, OSB (1982-1987)
- Robert Barr (1987-1992)
- Glenn R. Bucher (1992-1999)
- James Donahue (2000-2012)
- Riess Potterveld (2013-Present)
Deans of the GTU
- Sherman E. Johnson (1962-1963)
- John Dillenberger (1963-1971)
- Claude Welch (1971-1987)
- Judith Berling (1987-1996)
- Margaret Miles (1996-2001)
- Arthur Holder (2001-Present)
The Dean of the GTU is the chief academic officer of the institution. S/he also chairs the GTU's Council of Deans, composed of the academic deans of consortial seminaries. Traditionally, the GTU's dean holds the John Dillenberger Professorship in their general field of specialization. The 5th Dean of the GTU, Margaret Miles, was John Dillenberger Professor of Historical Theology while the 6th and current dean, Arthur Holder, is John Dillenberger Professor of Christian Spirituality.
Religious traditions represented include Protestant, Catholic, Unitarian Universalist, Eastern Orthodox, Jewish, Muslim, and Buddhist. Curricula amongst the schools includes the arts, biblical studies, cultural and historical studies, ethics, social theory, spirituality, interreligious and interdisciplinary studies, in addition to subjects in systematic and philosophical theology. GTU offers M.A. in cooperation with member seminaries and Doctor of Theology degrees as well as the Ph.D program in cooperation with the University of California at Berkeley. GTU consortial seminaries variously offer M.Th., M.Div, Doctor of Ministry, S.T.B., S.T.L., and S.T.D. degrees.
The GTU also offers certificates in specialized studies. These are open to all GTU students. Currently, certificates are offered in the following fields:
- Asian and Oceanic Cultures and Faith Traditions
- Black Church/Africana Religious Studies
- Islamic Studies
- Jewish Studies
- Orthodox Christian Studies
- Women's Studies in Religion
All degree seeking students at GTU may take any classes offered at the University of California, Berkeley, and have access and borrowing privileges at the University of California, Berkeley and Stanford University libraries. Only Ph.D. students have unrestricted access to registering for UCB classes (subject to approval of course instructors); Th.D. and M.A. students can only take a maximum of 1 class per semester. Ph.D. students taking courses at UCB are able to obtain Cal 1 Cards, which can be loaded with funds for photocopying or for other purposes.
American Academy of Religion
GTU faculty, alumni, and students have been active in the American Academy of Religion by directing or leading sections, groups, and in other capacities. Several members of the GTU community have served as presidents of the Academy.
- John Dillenberger (1987-1988)
- Judith Berling (1991-1992)
- Margaret Miles (1997-1998)
- Laurie Zoloth (2013-2014)
- American Baptist Seminary of the West (American Baptist and Progressive National Baptist)
- Church Divinity School of the Pacific (Episcopal)
- Dominican School of Philosophy and Theology
- Jesuit School of Theology at Berkeley
- Pacific Lutheran Theological Seminary (ELCA)
- Pacific School of Religion (United Church of Christ, Disciples of Christ, and United Methodist Church), including the Swedenborgian House of Studies
- San Francisco Theological Seminary (Presbyterian Church (USA))
- Starr King School for the Ministry (Unitarian Universalist)
- The Richard S. Dinner Center for Jewish Studies
- Institute of Buddhist Studies (Buddhist Churches of America)
- Patriarch Athenagoras Orthodox Institute (Eastern Orthodox Church)
- Center for the Arts, Religion, and Education
- Center for Islamic Studies
- Center for the Study of Religion and Culture
- Center for Theology and the Natural Sciences
- New College Berkeley
- School of Applied Theology
The Graduate Theological Union maintains the Flora Lamson Hewlett Library, the largest theological library west of the Rockies, and one of the largest theological libraries in the world, with around 509,000 volumes. It has a branch in San Anselmo, housed in the former library of the San Francisco Theological Seminary. Its material acquisitions are coordinated with the University of California Berkeley and Stanford University libraries. Borrowing privileges are available for all three institutions. Furthermore, GTU students are privy to borrowing from the University of Texas, Austin libraries as part of the RCLP agreement between University of California, Berkeley, Stanford University, and UT-Austin. In addition, GTU and UCB students can access the rare and special collections in both institutions' libraries. Altogether, GTU students have ready access to more than 20 million volumes of resources, more than any theological institution in the world.
In one independent compilation based on the NRC’s "regression-based" rankings, the GTU appears at No. 22 overall.
- Frances Adeney (Ph.D.), William A. Benfield, Jr. Professor of Evangelism and Global Missions at Louisville Presbyterian Theological Seminary.
- João Biehl (Ph.D., 1996), Susan Dod Brown Professor of Anthropology at Princeton University
- Virginia Burrus (MA, 1984; Ph.D., 1991), Bishop W. Earl Ledden Professor of Religion at Syracuse University
- Rev. Jana Childers (Ph.D.), Academic Dean and Professor of Homiletics at San Francisco Theological Seminary
- Douglas E. Christine (Ph.D.), Professor of Theological Studies at Loyola Marymount University
- Faustino M. Cruz, SM (M.A., 1988), Associate Dean of Academic Affairs and Associate Professor of Practical Theology at Seattle University
- John Dear (M.A.), 2008 nominee for the Nobel Prize in Peace 2008
- James Donahue (Ph.D.), President of Saint Mary's College of California
- Andrew Dreitcer (Ph.D.), Associate Professor of Spirituality and Director of Spiritual Formation at Claremont School of Theology
- Eileen Chamberlain Donahoe (Ph.D.), U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Human Rights Council
- Peter Feldmeier (Ph.D.), Thomas and Margaret Murray and James J. Bacik Professor of Catholic Studies at the University of Toledo.
- Tom Ferguson (Ph.D.), Dean at Bexley Hall Seminary of the Bexley-Seabury Federation.
- Charlotte Fonrobert (Ph.D.), Associate Professor and Graduate Director of Religious Studies, Co-Director of Taube Center for Jewish Studies at Stanford University
- Nancy Katherine Frankenberry (Ph.D. 1977), John Phillips Professor of Religion at Dartmouth College
- Cecilia Gonzalez-Andrieu (Ph.D.), Associate Professor of Theology and Theological Aesthetics at Loyola Marymount University
- Barbara Green, OP (MA, Ph.D.), Professor of Biblical Studies at Dominican School of Philosophy and Theology
- Ted Grimsrud (Ph.D. 1988), Professor of Theology and Peace Studies at Eastern Mennonite University
- Daniel G. Groody, (Ph.D.), Associate Professor of Theology at University of Notre Dame
- Jennifer Scheper Hughes (Ph.D. 2006), Associate Professor of History at University of California at Riverside
- Uriah Kim (Ph.D.), Academic Dean and Associate Professor of Hebrew Bible at Hartford Seminary
- Kristen Johnston Largen (Ph.D.), Associate Professor of Theology at Lutheran Theological Seminary at Gettysburg
- Robert Lassalle-Klein (Ph.D.), Associate Professor of Religious Studies at Holy Names University
- Jennifer L. Lord (Ph.D.), Dorothy B. Vickery Professor of Homiletics and Liturgical Studies at Austin Presbyterian Theological Seminary.
- Margaret R. Miles (Ph.D. 1977), Bussey Professor Emerita at Harvard Divinity School and former Dean of the Graduate Theological Union.
- Deborah Mumford (M.A., Ph.D.), Frank H. Caldwell Associate Professor of Homiletics and Associate Dean of Academic Affairs at Louisville Presbyterian Theological Seminary.
- Nancey Murphy (Ph.D., Th.D.), Professor of Christian Philosophy at Fuller Theological Seminary
- James Noel (Ph.D.), Eugene Farlough, Jr. Professor of African American Christianity at San Francisco Theological Seminary
- Andrew Sung Park (Ph.D.), Professor of Theology and Ethics at United Theological Seminary
- Vincent W. Patton III (Ed.D.), retired Master Chief Petty Officer of the U.S. Coast Guard
- Jennifer Howe Peace (Ph.D. 2005), Assistant Professor of Interfaith Studies at Andover-Newton Theological Seminary
- Very Rev. W. Mark Richardson (Ph.D.), President and Dean of Church Divinity School of the Pacific
- Rev. Tamara Nichols Rodenberg (Ph.D.), Vice President for Advancement at Brite Divinity School
- Jeanette Rodriguez (Ph.D), Professor of Theology and Religious Studies at Seattle University
- Janet K. Ruffing, RSM, Professor in the Practice of Spirituality and Ministerial Leadership at Yale University Divinity School
- Robert John Russell (M.A.), Ian Barbour Professor of Theology at the Graduate Theological Union and Director of the Center for Theology and the Natural Sciences.
- Gregory E. Sterling (Ph.D.), Henry Slack Dean and Lillian Claus Professor of New Testament at Yale University Divinity School
- Laura Stivers (Ph.D.), Dean of the School of Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences at Dominican University of California
- Shibley Telhami (M.A.), Anwar Sadat Professor for Peace and Development at the University of Maryland
- Jenny Te Paa-Daniel (Ph.D. 2001), Ahorangi (Dean) Emerita of Te Rau Kahikatea at St. John's College, Auckland and the first Maori woman to receive a doctorate in theology.
- Arthur S. Thomas, Chief of Chaplains of the U.S. Air Force
- George E. Tinker (Ph.D.), Clifford Baldridge Professor of American Indian Cultures and Religious Traditions at Iliff School of Theology
- Terrence W. Tilley (Ph.D.), Avery Cardinal Dulles Professor of Catholic Theology at Fordham University
- Loren L. Townsend (Ph.D.), Henry Morris Edmonds Professor of Pastoral Ministry at Louisville Presbyterian Theological Seminary
- Wesley Wildman (Ph.D.), Professor of Theology and Ethics at Boston University, Co-Founder of Institute for the Biocultural Study of Religion, and Director of Liberal Evangelical
- Laurie Zoloth (Ph.D.), Professor of Religious Studies and Professor of Bioethics and Medical Humanities at Northwestern University, and the 2013 President of the American Academy of Religion
Notable graduates of GTU member schools
(Acronyms: ABSW: American Baptist Seminary of the West, CDSP: Church Divinity School of the Pacific, DSPT: Dominican School of Philosophy and Theology, JST-SCU: Jesuit School of Theology at Berkeley, PLTS: Pacific Lutheran Theological Seminary, PSR: Pacific School of Religion, SFTS: San Francisco Theological Seminary, SKSM: Starr King School for the Ministry)
- Wilton H. Bunch, (M.Div., CDSP), Professor of Philosophy at Samford University
- The Rev. ChangBok Chung, (Th.D., SFTS), President of Hanil University
- Bishop Wilbur Choy (M.Div., PSR), first Asian American Bishop in the United Methodist Church.
- Marva J. Dawn (Th.M., PLTS), internationally renowned Evangelical writer and speaker
- Eduardo C. Fernandez, SJ, (M.Div., JST-SCU), Professor of Pastoral Theology and Ministry at Jesuit School of Theology at Berkeley.
- The Rev. Robert Fulghum, (M.Div, SKSM), author of eight best-selling books of non-fiction, including All I Really Need To Know I Learned in Kindergarten and It Was On Fire When I Lay Down On It
- Chung Chin-Hong, (D.Min, SFTS), Professor of Phenomenology of Religion at Seoul National University
- Ellen Davis (M.Div, CDSP), Amos Ragan Kearns Distinguished Professor of Bible and Practical Theology at Duke University
- Rev. Michael E. Engh, SJ (M.Div., JST-SCU), President of Santa Clara University
- Bishop Yvette Flunder, (M.Div., PSR, D.Min. SFTS), founder of the City of Refugee and Chair of the San Francisco Inter-religious Coalition on AIDS
- Daniel G. Groody, (STL, JST-SCU), Associate Professor of Theology at University of Notre Dame
- David Hurd, (M.Div., CDSP), Professor of Church Music at General Theological Seminary
- Hon. Victoria Kolakowski, (M.Div., PSR), Alameda County Superior Court judge; first openly transgender trial judge in the United States.
- The Most Rev. Paul Kwong (M.Div., CDSP), 2nd Bishop of Hong Kong and Archbishop and Primate of the Hong Kong Sheng Kung Hui
- Carolyn S. Leeb, (M.Div, SFTS), lecturer in theology at Valparaiso University.
- Herb Long (B.D., SFTS), former Dean of Students at Harvard Divinity School.
- Michael C. McCarthy (M.Div., JST-SCU), Edmund Campion, SJ, University Professor at Santa Clara University
- The Rev. Laura Mendenhall (M.Div., SFTS), former President of Columbia Theological Seminary
- Bruce Morrill, SJ (M.Div, JST-SCU), Edward A. Malloy Professor of Catholic Studies and Professor of Theological Studies at Vanderbilt University
- Debra Mumford (M.Div., ABSW), Frank H. Caldwell Associate Professor of Homiletics and Associate Dean of Academic Affairs at Louisville Presbyterian Theological Seminary.
- The Rev. Neal D. Presa (M.Div., SFTS), Moderator of the 220th General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church (USA)
- Christopher J. Renz, OP (M.Div., DSPT), Academic Dean at the Dominican School of Philosophy and Theology.
- The Rev. Bruce Reyes-Chow (M.Div, SFTS), Moderator of the 218th General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church (USA)
- Robert John Russell (M.Div., PSR), Ian Barbour Professor of Theology at the Graduate Theological Union and Director of the Center for Theology and the Natural Sciences.
- The Most Rev. Katharine Jefferts Schori (M.Div, CDSP), 26th Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church, first female Primate in the Anglican Communion
- The Rev. Ellen K. Wondra (M.Div., CDSP), Research Professor of Theology and Ethics at Bexley Seabury Seminary Federation and member of the World Council of Churches Commission on Faith and Order.
The GTU's dean is Arthur Holder, who previously served as Academic Dean at the Church Divinity School of the Pacific. His immediate predecessor was Judith Berling, who is professor of Chinese religions at the GTU and was president of the American Academy of Religion in 1990.
- Aaron Brody, Robert and Kathryn Riddell Associate Professor of Bible and Archaeology at Pacific School of Theology and participating faculty at the University of California at Berkeley
- Judith Berling, Professor of Chinese and Comparative Religions. She was formerly Dean of Academic Affairs at the GTU and former President of the American Academy of Religion.
- Kevin F. Burke, SJ, Associate Professor of Theology at the Jesuit School of Theology. A student of Roger Haight, SJ, his scholarship focuses on Christology, spirituality, and the theology of Ignacio Ellacuria.
- Eduardo C. Fernandez, SJ, Professor of Pastoral Theology and Ministry at Jesuit School of Theology at Berkeley. HIs research focuses on Latina/o theology, social justice, religion and culture, as well as missiology. He was the recipient of the Virgilio Elizondo Award, given by the Academy of Catholic Hispanic Theologians in the United States.
- Marion S. Grau, Associate Professor of Theology at the Church Divinity School of the Pacific. Her wide-ranging, interdisciplinary scholarship ranges from the theology of economics, soteriology, environment, hermeneutics, critical theory, missiology, among others. She is a student of Catherine Keller and Jürgen Moltmann and is involved with a project on theology and pilgrimage in the Faculty of Theology at the University of Oslo.
- Thomas Massaro, SJ, Dean of Jesuit School of Theology at Berkeley and Professor of Moral Theology. His interests focus on Catholic social ethics as it pertains to economic justice, sociology of religion, and the history of Christian political thought.
- Robert John Russell, Ian G. Barbour Professor of Theology at the Graduate Theological Union and Director of the Center for Theology and the Natural Sciences.
- Christopher Ocker, Professor of History at the San Francisco Theological Seminary and affiliated faculty of the history department of the University of California at Berkeley
- Ted Peters, Lutheran theologian and the Distinguished Research Professor of Systematic Theology at GTU and at the Pacific Lutheran Theological Seminary. Editor of the Journal of Theology and Science
- Imam Zaid Shakir, Served in the United States Air Force; served as an interfaith council Chaplain at Yale University, currently chairman of the board, co-founder, and senior faculty member at Zaytuna College
- Shaykh Hamza Yusuf, President, co-founder, and senior faculty member of Zaytuna College. Also, an advisor to Stanford University’s Program in Islamic Studies and the Center for Islamic Studies at Berkeley’s Graduate Theological Union
- Hatem Bazian, co-founder, senior faculty, and Academic Affairs Chair at Zaytuna College. He is also a senior lecturer in the Departments of Near Eastern and Ethnic Studies at the University of California, Berkeley. Bazian is also a visiting Professor in Religious Studies at Saint Mary’s College of California and adviser to the Religion, Politics, and Globalization Center at UC Berkeley.
- John Klentos, Spanos Associate Professor of Orthodox Theology at the Patriarch Athenagoras Orthodox Institute.
- David Alexander, Professor of Old Testament and Theology at San Francisco Theological Seminary, and President Emeritus of Pomona College
- John Dillenberger, Professor and President Emeritus, Graduate Theological Union Berkeley, California
- Lizette Larson-Miller, Nancy and Michael Kaehr Professor Emerita of Liturgical Leadership at Church Divinity School of the Pacific.
- Tat-Siong "Benny" Liew, currently Class of 1956 Professor of New Testament Studies at College of the Holy Cross. Prior to then, he was Professor of New Testament and Academic Dean at the Pacific School of Religion and a core doctoral faculty member in both the Biblical Studies and Interdisciplinary Studies areas of the GTU.
- The Rev. Joyce Ann Mercer, currently Arthur Lee Kinsolving Professor of Practical Theology at Virginia Theological Seminary. Prior to then, she was Associate Professor of Practical Theology and Christian Education at San Francisco Theological Seminary and a core doctoral faculty member in the Interdisciplinary Studies Area of the GTU.
- Lewis S. Mudge, Professor Emertius of Theology (SFTS)
- Mayra Rivera Rivera, currently Associate Professor of Theology and Latino/a Studies at Harvard Divinity School. Prior to then, she was Assistant Professor of Theology at the Pacific School of Religion
- Sandra M. Schneiders, IHM, Professor Emerita of New Testament and Christian Spirituality at the Jesuit School of Theology at Berkeley
- "Ellen Wondra elected to World Council of Churches commission". Episcopal News Service.
- Graduate Theological Union
- Dominican School of Philosophy and Theology
- Jesuit School of Theology of Santa Clara University
- Pacific School of Religion
- Pacific Lutheran Theological Seminary
- San Francisco Theological Seminary
- American Baptist Seminary of the West
- Church Divinity School of the Pacific
- Starr King School for the Ministry
- Institute of Buddhist Studies
- Zaytuna College
- Patriarch Athenagoras Orthodox Institute