Grand River (South Dakota)

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The Grand River (Lakota: Čhaŋšúška Wakpá[1]) is a tributary of the Missouri River in North Dakota and South Dakota in the United States. The length of the combined branch is 110 mi (177 km). With its longest fork, its length is approximately 200 mi (320 km).

The Grand River near Little Eagle
The Grand River shown as a tributary of the Missouri River


It is formed by the confluence of the North Fork (which rises in North Dakota) and the longer South Fork (which rises in South Dakota) in northwestern South Dakota near Shadehill in Perkins County, near several parcels of the Grand River National Grassland. It flows east, through the Standing Rock Indian Reservation and joins the Missouri in Lake Oahe, approximately 10 mi (16 km) northwest of Mobridge. The lower 15 mi (25 km) of the river form an arm of the Lake Oahe reservoir.


Sitting Bull (1831-1890), a Hunkpapa Lakota holy man who led his people as a tribal chief, was born on the Grand River in or nearby Dakota Territory.[2] Decades later, he was killed by Indian agency police on the Standing Rock Indian Agency at his camp near the Grand River, as the police tried to arrest him.

The forks of the Grand was the site of a noted 1823 attack by a grizzly bear on frontiersman Hugh Glass.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ullrich, Jan, ed. (2011). New Lakota Dictionary (2nd ed.). Bloomington, IN: Lakota Language Consortium. p. 955. ISBN 978-0-9761082-9-0. LCCN 2008922508. 
  2. ^ "PBS: The West: Sitting Bull". 

Coordinates: 45°34′32″N 100°28′02″W / 45.57556°N 100.46722°W / 45.57556; -100.46722