Group Areas Act

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Group Areas Act, 1950
Act to provide for the establishment of group areas, for the con­trol of the acquisition of immovable property and the occupation of land and premises, and for matters incidental thereto.
Citation Act No. 41 of 1950
Enacted by Parliament of South Africa 
Date of Royal Assent 24 June 1950
Date commenced 30 March 1951 (Cape, Transvaal, Natal)
31 October 1952 (O.F.S.)
Date repealed 1 November 1957
Administered by Minister of the Interior
Repealing legislation
Group Areas Act, 1957
Status: Repealed
Group Areas Act, 1957
Act to consolidate the law relating to the establishment of group areas, the control of the acquisition of immovable property and the occupation of land and premises and matters incidental thereto.
Citation Act No. 77 of 1957
Enacted by Parliament of South Africa 
Date of Royal Assent 24 June 1957
Date commenced 1 November 1957
Date repealed 26 October 1966
Administered by Minister of the Interior
Repealing legislation
Group Areas Act, 1966
Status: Repealed
Group Areas Act, 1966
Act to consolidate the law relating to the establishment of group areas, the control of the acquisition of immovable property and the occupation of land and premises, and matters in­cidental thereto.
Citation Act No. 36 of 1966
Enacted by Parliament of South Africa 
Date assented to 5 October 1966
Date commenced 26 October 1966
Date repealed 30 June 1991
Administered by Minister of Planning
Repealing legislation
Abolition of Racially Based Land Measures Act, 1991
Status: Repealed

Group Areas Act was the title of three acts of the Parliament of South Africa enacted under the apartheid government of South Africa. The acts assigned racial groups to different residential and business sections in urban areas in a system of urban apartheid. An effect of the law was to exclude non-Whites from living in the most developed areas, which were restricted to Whites (e.g., Sea Point). It caused many non-Whites to have to commute large distances from their homes in order to be able to work. The law led to non-Whites being forcibly removed for living in the "wrong" areas. The non-white majority were given much smaller areas to live in than the white minority who owned most of the country. Pass Laws required that non-Whites carry pass books, and later 'reference books'[1] (similar to passports) to enter the 'white' parts of the country.

The first Group Areas Act, the Group Areas Act, 1950 was promulgated on 7 July 1950, and it was implemented over a period of several years. It was amended by Parliament in 1952, 1955 (twice), 1956 and 1957. Later in 1957 it was repealed and re-enacted in consolidated form as the Group Areas Act, 1957, which was amended in 1961, 1962, and 1965. In 1966 this version was in turn repealed and re-enacted as the Group Areas Act, 1966, which was subsequently amended in 1969, 1972, 1974, 1975, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1982, and 1984. It was repealed (along with many other discriminatory laws) on 30 June 1991 by the Abolition of Racially Based Land Measures Act, 1991.

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  1. ^ [Women's Anti-Pass Law Campaigns in South Africa http://africanhistory.about.com/od/apartheid/a/WomensAntiPass.htm]