|Province of the Cape of Good Hope
Provinsie Kaap die Goeie Hoop
|Status||Province of South Africa|
|Created||31 May 1910|
|Abolished||31 May 1994|
|Succeeded by||Western Cape, Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, North West|
|Governance||Cape Provincial Council|
The Union of South Africa: From Cape Colony to Cape Province 
The Cape Colony became by far the largest component of the new union, as it contained regions it had previously annexed, such as British Bechuanaland (not to be confused with the Bechuanaland Protectorate, now Botswana), Griqualand East (the area around Kokstad) and Griqualand West (area around Kimberley). This gave the Cape Province an area similar in size to the U.S. state of Texas.
At the time of the formation of the Union of South Africa, the entire region now called South Africa was only four provinces: Transvaal (South African Republic), Natal (Natalia Republic), Orange Free State and the Cape Province.
The Cape Franchise 
Before union, the Cape Colony had traditionally implemented a system of non-racial franchise, whereby qualifications for suffrage were applied equally to all males, regardless of race. During the union negotiations, the Cape Prime Minister, John X. Merriman fought unsuccessfully to extend this multi-racial franchise system to the rest of South Africa. This failed, as it was strongly opposed by the other constituent states which were determined to entrench white rule. After union, the Cape Province was permitted to keep a restricted version of its multi-racial qualified franchise, and thus became the only province where coloureds (mixed-race people) and Black Africans could vote. 
Over the following years, successive acts were passed to erode this colour-blind voters roll. In 1931, the restricting franchise qualifications were removed for white voters, but kept for Black and "Coloured" voters. In 1956, the Apartheid government removed all remaining suffrage rights for "non-whites". The government had to incorporate many extra senators in parliament to force through this change. 
Partitioning under Apartheid 
During the apartheid era the country was chopped up into a number of additional pieces which were known as the four TBVC States and the six Non-Independent Homelands. These were created by the apartheid government in order to enforce its policy of racial segregation.
Griqualand East was transferred to Natal Province after the Transkei was declared independent, since it was cut off from the rest of the province. The Transkei (1976) and Ciskei (1981) regions were declared independent of South Africa, after they were formerly part of the Cape Province. (They were re-incorporated into South Africa in 1994, both part of the new Eastern Cape province)
Post Apartheid history 
The Cape Province was broken up into three smaller provinces: the Western Cape, Eastern Cape and Northern Cape. Parts of it were also absorbed into the North West. Walvis Bay, a territory of the original Cape Colony, was handed to Namibia.
See also 
- South Africa Act, 1909 §6 (Wikisource)
- "List of U.S. states by area". Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 2008-10-23. Retrieved 2008-10-29.
- Christoph Marx: Oxwagon Sentinel: Radical Afrikaner Nationalism and the History of the Ossewabrandwag. LIT Verlag Münster, 2009. p.61.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Cape Colony and the 1922 Encyclopædia Britannica article Cape Province.|