Gschnitz

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gschnitz
Gschnitz.jpg
Coat of arms of Gschnitz
Coat of arms
Gschnitz is located in Austria
Gschnitz
Gschnitz
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 47°02′39″N 11°20′58″E / 47.04417°N 11.34944°E / 47.04417; 11.34944Coordinates: 47°02′39″N 11°20′58″E / 47.04417°N 11.34944°E / 47.04417; 11.34944
Country Austria
State Tyrol
District Innsbruck Land
Government
 • Mayor Christian Felder
Area
 • Total 59.1 km2 (22.8 sq mi)
Elevation 1,242 m (4,075 ft)
Population (1 January 2013)[1]
 • Total 427
 • Density 7.2/km2 (19/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 6150
Area code 05276
Vehicle registration IL
Website www.gschnitz.eu

Gschnitz is a municipality with 415 inhabitants (1 January 2011) [2] in the southern part of the District Innsbruck-Land and is located 25 km south of Innsbruck.

Setting[edit]

Gschnitz is placed at the end of the valley of the same name which branches off from the Wipptal at Steinach am Brenner. The municipality borders cross from the Talschluss (3277 m.) to the South Tyrol. The Gschnitz brook provides the village with drinking water.

Nearby municipalities[edit]

Brenner, Neustift im Stubaital, Obernberg am Brenner, Trins.

History[edit]

Origin[edit]

The village is mentioned for the first time in 1284 as "Gasnitz". In 1288 the valley bought nine "Schwaighöfe”, alpine farms, seven of them in Gschnitz, which formed the centre of the village, and two at Laponesalm. The right of succession in Tirol originated from these nine Schwaighöfe and was adopted in all the other valleys in the region. In 1471 the rivalry between Gschnitz and Trins arisen and reached a point that the inhabitants of the two villages blocked the entrance to the valley; the Steinach am Brenner Court had to intervene to redeem the dispute. Gschnitz was awarded the title of Municipality in 1811. Major development occurred from the 18th century onward.[3]

Coats-of-arms[edit]

Gschnitz coat of arms consists of a red background, crossed by three horizontal stripes, one of each, consisting of six lozenges, alternating white and black. This visualization looks like the roof of the nine mountain farms. The coat of arms was made official January 10, 1984 [4]

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1869 210 —    
1880 222 +5.7%
1890 221 −0.5%
1900 194 −12.2%
1910 217 +11.9%
1923 207 −4.6%
1934 230 +11.1%
1939 246 +7.0%
1951 278 +13.0%
1961 291 +4.7%
1971 371 +27.5%
1981 436 +17.5%
1991 443 +1.6%
2001 455 +2.7%
2011 415 −8.8%

Sights[edit]

Parish church dedicated to "Our Lady of the Snow"
Baroque interior by Franz de Paula Penz

Parish Our Lady of Snow[edit]

Gschnitz originally belonged, like most of the villages of Wipptal, to the parish of Matrei am Brenner. The church “Our Lady of the Snow" was built in 1730 and later, in 1755, restored in Baroque style with plans by Franz de Paula Penz. In 1775 Gschnitz was established as Vicariate and in 1891 as Parish.

Sanctuary of St. Magdalena[edit]

The Sanctuary of "St. Magdalena" is located near the border, between Gschnitz and Trins, at an altitude of 1661 m. accessible only on foot, under the Schönberg. The church is the oldest in the valley as confirmed by the Romanesque frescoes dating back around 1200 and discovered in 1959.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistik Austria - Bevölkerung zu Jahres- und Quartalsanfang, 2013-01-01.
  2. ^ (German) Statistik Austria: Gschnitz
  3. ^ (German) Town History
  4. ^ (English) Heraldry of the World, Gschnitz

External links[edit]