Map of Ancient Georgian states c. 600 - 150 BC. Places inhabited by Gugars in a pale shade brown(right).
Gugars (Georgian: გუგარები, gugarebi) were an ancient Georgian tribe. Their primary inhabited area was near the Debeda river. Toponym Gogarene, an integral part of Caucasian Iberia, is derived from their name. The region is first mentioned by Strabo who records it as a province of Iberia. Later it was renamed Gugark, after the conquests of Arshakid Armenian rulers in the 2nd century BC. The identity of this tribe was somewhat disputed, but even Armenian historians record them as a Non-Armenian tribe (most notably - Moses of Chorene), while at least one Armenian historian, Ghazar Parpetsi, records them as a Georgian tribe. Today, most historians agree that this tribe was Proto-Georgian. As an example of common Historical revisionism Armenian historians disputed, with little or no evidence, the true nature of the region Gogarene as well, claiming it at first Urartean, then Armenian in its origins and it being several times re-united by the Armenian Kings.
Gogarene, integral part of Iberia
, at times annexed by Armenia
- Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia, vol. 3, pg. 289, Tb., 1978
- Iv. Javakhishvili, Introduction to the History of the Georgian Nation, Book 1 — Ethnological and historical problems of Georgia, Caucasus and the Middle East, Tb., 1950;
- D. Muskhelishvili,Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, pg. 196, Tbilisi., 1978