Gunby Hall

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East front, Gunby Hall
Edmund Langton whose children gave it and 1500 acres to the National Trust
Emily heiress of Gunby Hall, mother of his children

Gunby Hall is a country house in Gunby, near Spilsby, in Lincolnshire, England, reached by a half mile long private drive. The Estate comprises the 42-room Gunby Hall, listed Grade I,[1] a clocktower,[2] listed Grade II* and a carriage house and stable block which are listed Grade II.[3][4] It was given to the National Trust in 1944 by the trustees of the Gunby Hall Estate: Lady Montgomery-Massingberd, Major Norman Leith-Hay-Clarke and Field Marshal Sir Archibald Montgomery-Massingberd,[5] together with its contents and approximately 1,500 acres of land.

Description[edit]

"Gunby is on the edge of the Lincolnshire Wolds, near Spilsby, some eight miles from Skegness and not far from Tennyson's home at Somersby. It was of Gunby that Tennyson wrote the lines a haunt of ancient peace."[5]

The house is built from red brick, and was constructed in 1700 for Sir William Massingberd. Many of the interiors of the house are wood panelled, and it has 8 acres of Victorian walled gardens, which contain traditional English flowers, fruits and vegetables. The Hall is a Grade 1 listed building.[6] It was substantially extended in 1873 and again in 1898 with the addition of the North Wing and Clock Tower.

The Hall contains significant collections of art, furniture, porcelain and silver including original pieces by Sir Joshua Reynolds, Edward Lear, William Morris, Lord Tennyson, William Holman Hunt, James Boswell, Samuel Johnson, Thomas Sheraton and Lucio Rannuci.

Park and gardens[edit]

Surrounding the hall is a 100 acre park, listed as being of historical significance and laid out in the style of Lancelot "Capability" Brown.[7] Around that is a farmed estate of 1,500 acres. the estate used to extend to many thousands of acres and reached the coast at what is now Skegness. Land was sold in the 19th century to the Earl of Scarbrough who built the town of Skegness to satisfy increasing demand from tourism created by the expansion of the railways.

The gardens are laid out in an informal English style with large Victorian walled and kitchen gardens, lawns, an arboretum and carp pond believed to be older than the main hall. There are 50 types of apple tree, 21 of pear and over 50 types of rose in the gardens. There is also a 17th-century dove cote, a grass tennis court, croquet pitch, cottage, apple store and studio.[7]

On the edge of the formal gardens and within the Park lies St Peter's Church. Rebuilt on medieval foundations in the 1870s, the Church is accessible only through the Hall's gardens but it remains the active Parish Church of Gunby with a service once a month.[8]

History[edit]

Peregrine Langton Massingberd who married Elizabeth Mary Anne Massingberd and inherited Gunby Hall in Lincolnshire

The last notable resident owner was Lady Montgomery-Massingberd (1873–1963) born Diana Langton.[9] Both her parents were direct descendants of Bennet Langton. It was Langton's second son who married Elizabeth Mary Anne Massingberd and changed his name to Peregrine Langton Massingberd.[10] It was his descendants who inherited the hall.

Gunby Hall and Gardens are opened to the public by the National Trust.

Murder and haunting[edit]

Gunby Hall is allegedly haunted, and the sightings have been linked with rumours of a brutal murder that occurred during Sir William Massingberd's residency. Sir William discovered that his daughter (some accounts say his wife) was about to run away with one of the servants, a postillion. On the night the lovers intended to flee, Sir William hid in waiting and shot the postillion dead. The servant's body was dragged through the grounds and thrown into the pond. Some accounts say that Sir William was so enraged he shot his daughter dead as well. Word of the secret murder must have got out because soon locals were whispering that Gunby Hall was cursed and that no male of Massingberd's descent would ever inherit the house. The ghostly form of the murdered servant has been seen haunting the path by the pond, now called 'Ghost Walk', eternally waiting for his lover.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ English Heritage. "Gunby Hall  (Grade I) (1063656)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  2. ^ English Heritage. "Western stable block, Gunby Hall  (Grade II*) (1063657)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  3. ^ English Heritage. "Eastern stable block, Gunby Hall  (Grade II) (1063657)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  4. ^ English Heritage. "Carriage House and two gateways to Gunby Hall  (Grade II) (1204923)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "Haunt Of Ancient Peace" Gunby Hall Given To National Trust The Times, Wednesday, 31 May 1944; pg. 2; Issue 49870; col D
  6. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (196022)". Images of England. 
  7. ^ a b English Heritage. "Park & Garden, Gunby Hall  (Grade II) (1000979)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  8. ^ "St Peter's Church". Our Parishes. Forward in Faith movement. Retrieved 20 October 2013. 
  9. ^ "Hugh Massingberd", obituary, The Daily Telegraph, 27 December 2007
  10. ^ Leslie Stephen, ‘Langton, Bennet (bap. 1736, d. 1801)’, rev. Michael Bevan, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2010 accessed 15 July 2014
  11. ^ Codd, Daniel. Haunted Lincolnshire. Tempus Publishing Ltd (2006) p. 28. ISBN 0-7524-3817-4

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 53°10′44″N 0°11′37″E / 53.17877°N 0.19374°E / 53.17877; 0.19374