Earl of Scarbrough
Earl of Scarbrough is a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1690 for Richard Lumley, 2nd Viscount Lumley. He is best remembered as one of the Immortal Seven who invited William of Orange to invade England and depose his father-in-law James II. Lumley had already been created Baron Lumley, of Lumley Castle in the County of Durham, in 1681, and Viscount Lumley, of Lumley Castle in the County of Durham, in 1689. These titles are also in the Peerage of England. The title of Viscount Lumley, of Waterford, was created in the Peerage of Ireland in 1628 for his grandfather Richard Lumley, who later fought as a Royalist in the Civil War.
Lord Scarbrough was succeeded by his eldest son, the second Earl. He represented East Grinstead and Arundel in the House of Commons and served as Lord Lieutenant of Northumberland. His younger brother, the third Earl, sat as Member of Parliament for Arundel and Lincolnshire. In 1723 he assumed by Royal license the additional surname of Saunderson, upon inheriting the estates of his cousin James Saunderson, 1st Earl Castleton. His son, the fourth Earl, served as Cofferer of the Household, as Deputy Earl Marshal of England and as Joint Vice-Treasurer of Ireland. Lord Scarbrough married Barbara Savile, sister and heiress of Sir George Savile, 8th Baronet, of Thornhill (see Savile Baronets). The latter bequeathed his substantial properties in Yorkshire and Nottinghamshire to his nephew the Hon. Richard Lumley, younger son of Lord and Lady Scarbrough.
Scarbrough was succeeded by his eldest son, the fifth Earl. He represented Lincoln in Parliament. On his death the titles passed to his younger brother the aforementioned the Hon. Richard Lumley, the sixth Earl. He also sat as Member of Parliament for Lincoln. He was succeeded by his younger brother, the seventh Earl. He assumed the surname of Savile by Act of Parliament in 1797 in accordance with the will of his uncle Sir George Savile and inherited the Savile estates on his brother's death. Lord Scarbrough was a clergyman. His son, the eighth Earl, represented Nottinghamshire and Nottinghamshire North in the House of Commons and served as Lord Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire. In 1836 he assumed by Royal license the additional and principal surname of Savile.
The eighth earl had several illegitimate children (see below) but never married. He was succeeded by his first cousin once removed, the ninth Earl. He was the grandson of the Hon. Frederick Lumley, fifth son of the fourth Earl. His son, the tenth Earl, was a soldier and also served as Lord Lieutenant of the West Riding of Yorkshire. He was succeeded by his nephew, the eleventh Earl. He was the son of Brigadier General the Hon. Osbert Lumley, younger son of the ninth Earl. Lord Scarbrough represented Hull East and York in Parliament and served as Governor of Bombay. His son, the twelfth Earl, was Lord Lieutenant of South Yorkshire. As of 2010[update] the titles are held by the latter's eldest son, the thirteenth Earl, who succeeded in 2004.
Viscounts Lumley (1628)
- Richard Lumley, 1st Viscount Lumley (1589–1663)
- Richard Lumley, 2nd Viscount Lumley (d. 1721) (created Earl of Scarbrough in 1690)
Earls of Scarbrough (1690)
- Richard Lumley, 1st Earl of Scarbrough (1650-1721)
- Richard Lumley, 2nd Earl of Scarbrough (1686-1739)
- Thomas Lumley-Saunderson, 3rd Earl of Scarbrough (c. 1691-1752)
- Richard Lumley-Saunderson, 4th Earl of Scarbrough (1725-1782)
- George Augustus Lumley-Saunderson, 5th Earl of Scarbrough (1753–1807)
- Richard Lumley-Saunderson, 6th Earl of Scarbrough (1757–1832)
- John Lumley-Savile, 7th Earl of Scarbrough (1761–1835)
- John Lumley-Savile, 8th Earl of Scarbrough (1788–1856)
- Richard George Lumley, 9th Earl of Scarbrough (1813–1884)
- Aldred Frederick George Beresford Lumley, 10th Earl of Scarbrough (1857–1945)
- Lawrence Roger Lumley, 11th Earl of Scarbrough (1896–1969)
- Richard Aldred Lumley, 12th Earl of Scarbrough (1932–2004)
- Richard Osbert Lumley, 13th Earl of Scarbrough (b. 1973)
The heir presumptive is the present holder's younger brother the Hon. Thomas Henry Lumley (b. 1980). He is a portrait artist and regularly exhibits with the Royal Society of Portrait Painters and recently won the drawing prize.
- Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.
- Burke's Peerage
- Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages [self-published source][better source needed]