Earl of Scarbrough

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Arms of the Earls of Scarbrough.

Earl of Scarbrough is a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1690 for Richard Lumley, 2nd Viscount Lumley. He is best remembered as one of the Immortal Seven who invited William of Orange to invade England and depose his father-in-law James II. Lumley had already been created Baron Lumley, of Lumley Castle in the County of Durham, in 1681, and Viscount Lumley, of Lumley Castle in the County of Durham, in 1689. These titles are also in the Peerage of England. The title of Viscount Lumley, of Waterford, was created in the Peerage of Ireland in 1628 for his grandfather Richard Lumley, who later fought as a Royalist in the Civil War.

Lord Scarbrough was succeeded by his eldest son, the second Earl. He represented East Grinstead and Arundel in the House of Commons and served as Lord Lieutenant of Northumberland. His younger brother, the third Earl, sat as Member of Parliament for Arundel and Lincolnshire. In 1723 he assumed by Royal license the additional surname of Saunderson, upon inheriting the estates of his cousin James Saunderson, 1st Earl Castleton. His son, the fourth Earl, served as Cofferer of the Household, as Deputy Earl Marshal of England and as Joint Vice-Treasurer of Ireland. Lord Scarbrough married Barbara Savile, sister and heiress of Sir George Savile, 8th Baronet, of Thornhill (see Savile Baronets). The latter bequeathed his substantial properties in Yorkshire and Nottinghamshire to his nephew the Hon. Richard Lumley, younger son of Lord and Lady Scarbrough.

Scarbrough was succeeded by his eldest son, the fifth Earl. He represented Lincoln in Parliament. On his death the titles passed to his younger brother the aforementioned the Hon. Richard Lumley, the sixth Earl. He also sat as Member of Parliament for Lincoln. He was succeeded by his younger brother, the seventh Earl. He assumed the surname of Savile by Act of Parliament in 1797 in accordance with the will of his uncle Sir George Savile and inherited the Savile estates on his brother's death. Lord Scarbrough was a clergyman. His son, the eighth Earl, represented Nottinghamshire and Nottinghamshire North in the House of Commons and served as Lord Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire. In 1836 he assumed by Royal license the additional and principal surname of Savile.

The eighth earl had several illegitimate children (see below) but never married. He was succeeded by his first cousin once removed, the ninth Earl. He was the grandson of the Hon. Frederick Lumley, fifth son of the fourth Earl. His son, the tenth Earl, was a soldier and also served as Lord Lieutenant of the West Riding of Yorkshire. He was succeeded by his nephew, the eleventh Earl. He was the son of Brigadier General the Hon. Osbert Lumley, younger son of the ninth Earl. Lord Scarbrough represented Hull East and York in Parliament and served as Governor of Bombay. His son, the twelfth Earl, was Lord Lieutenant of South Yorkshire. As of 2013 the titles are held by the latter's eldest son, the thirteenth Earl, who succeeded in 2004.

John Lumley-Savile, illegitimate son of the eighth Earl, was a prominent diplomat and was created Baron Savile in 1888.

The town in the North Riding of Yorkshire from which the title of the earldom is derived is now spelt Scarborough.

The family seat is Sandbeck House near Rotherham. The historic seat of the family is Lumley Castle.

Viscounts Lumley (1628)[edit]

Earls of Scarbrough (1690)[edit]

The heir presumptive is the present holder's brother Hon. Thomas Henry Lumley (b. 1980).

Ancestry[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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