Gunning, New South Wales

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Gunning
New South Wales
Gunning main street.JPG
Gunning's main street
Gunning is located in New South Wales
Gunning
Gunning
Coordinates 34°47′0″S 149°16′0″E / 34.78333°S 149.26667°E / -34.78333; 149.26667Coordinates: 34°47′0″S 149°16′0″E / 34.78333°S 149.26667°E / -34.78333; 149.26667
Population 487 (2006)[1]
Established 1821
Postcode(s) 2581
Location
LGA(s) Upper Lachlan Shire
State electorate(s) Burrinjuck
Federal Division(s) Hume

Gunning is a town on the Old Hume Highway, between Goulburn and Yass in the Southern Tablelands of New South Wales, Australia, about 260 km south-west of Sydney and 75 km north of the national capital, Canberra. (Nearby towns are Cullerin, Gundaroo, Dalton, Yass, Murrumbateman and Goulburn.)

On Census night 2006, Gunning had a population of 487 people.[1] The Shire of Gunning (which was amalgamated into Upper Lachlan Shire in 2004) had a population of 2,280. The Gunning Wind Farm has been established to the town's northeast, and is visible from the Hume Highway.

History[edit]

The Gunning region was originally home to two Australian Aboriginal language groups, the Gundungurra people in the north and the Ngunnawal people in the south.

The region (specifically Gundaroo) was first explored by Europeans in 1820, and settled the next year by Hamilton Hume. In 1824, Hume and William Hovell left here to discover the overland route to Port Phillip Bay where Melbourne is sited. Land sales began in 1838. The nearby town of Dalton, now best known as the earthquake centre, was settled in 1847. In 1865, Bushranger Ben Hall and his gang held up Kimberley's Inn, and a constable was shot dead.

Transportation[edit]

Gunning was originally a coach stop, and service centre for the surrounding farms mainly growing Merino sheep. It had a police station and court house, post office, and school.

The main railway from Sydney arrived in 1875 and was completed through to Melbourne, Victoria in 1881. The town is served by the daily NSW TrainLink XPT service that operates between Sydney Central station and Melbourne Southern Cross Station. The train to Melbourne leaves in the morning and the one to Sydney leaves in the afternoon. The station [2] is an optional stop.

Its main streets were built very wide, for the time of horse and bullock-drawn wagons. This served the town well when the main highway between Sydney and Melbourne carried cars and trucks through, until the by-pass was completed on 5 April 1993. The town has been able to resume a more rural pace of life, and develop something of an industry in providing bed and breakfast accommodation.

The establishment of the main trunk telegraph line is remembered by the Telegraph Hotel.

Preceding station   NSW Main lines   Following station
towards Albury
Main Southern Line
towards Sydney
Preceding station   NSW TrainLink   Following station
towards Griffith or Melbourne
NSW TrainLink Southern
Griffith Xplorer
Melbourne XPT
towards Sydney

Notable residents[edit]

  • Millicent Armstrong was a playwright and farmer in Gunning, New South Wales, who wrote primarily about the experiences of country life in early 20th century Australia. The plays she wrote while living in Gunning were well received and prize-winning.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Gunning (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 June 2009. 
  2. ^ Gunning station . NSWrail.net. Accessed February 2013.

External links[edit]