Zebra moray

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Zebra moray
Gymnomuraena zebra by NPS.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Anguilliformes
Family: Muraenidae
Genus: Gymnomuraena
Lacépède, 1803
Species: G. zebra
Binomial name
Gymnomuraena zebra
(G. Shaw, 1797)
Synonyms

Echidna zebra

The zebra moray, Gymnomuraena zebra, is a species of marine fish in the family Muraenidae. It is the only member of the genus Gymnomuraena, though it sometimes has been included in Echidna instead.

Description[edit]

The zebra moray is considered as a medium sized fish even if it can reach a maximum length of 150 cms. However, the average size commonly observed is more of the order of 50 cm.[1] It is densely banded dark and whitish, giving rise to its common name.[2] Its snout is round and short.

Distribution & habitat[edit]

The zebra moray is widespread trough out the Indo-Pacific area from eastern coast of Africa until western coast of America, including the Red Sea, Hawaii and Galapagos.[3][4]

The zebra moray is a benthic fish, its favorite habitat corresponds to the rocky or coral reef on coastal shallow water between 1 to 39 meters deep.[5]

Biology[edit]

Gymnomuraena zebra has a nocturnal activity and actively hunt its prey. Unlike most other moray eels, it feeds almost exclusively on crustaceans, sea urchins and mollusks.[6][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p.
  2. ^ Sommer, C., W. Schneider and J.-M. Poutiers, 1996. FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of Somalia. FAO, Rome. 376 p.
  3. ^ Fricke, R., 1999. Fishes of the Mascarene Islands (Réunion, Mauritius, Rodriguez): an annotated checklist, with descriptions of new species. Koeltz Scientific Books, Koenigstein, Theses Zoologicae, Vol. 31:759 p.
  4. ^ McCosker, J.E. and R.H. Rosenblatt, 1995. Muraenidae. Morenas. p. 1303-1315. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome.
  5. ^ Mundy, B.C., 2005. Checklist of the fishes of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Bishop Museum Bulletins in Zoology. Bishop Mus. Bull. Zool. (6):1-704.
  6. ^ Lieske, E. and R. Myers, 1994. Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p.
  7. ^ Kuiter, R.H. and T. Tonozuka, 2001. Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 1. Eels- Snappers, Muraenidae - Lutjanidae. Zoonetics, Australia. 302 p.